Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort

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The 5th Duke of Beaufort
Henry Somerset 5th Duke of Beaufort by Francis Cotes.jpg
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Boscawen

Issue Henry Charles Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort

Lord Charles Somerset
Lord Edward Somerset
Lord Norborne Somerset
Lady Elizabeth Somerset
Lady Frances Somerset
Lady Harriet Somerset
Lord Edward Somerset
Lord Arthur Somerset
Rev. Lord William Somerset
Lady Anne Somerset
Col. Lord John Somerset
Fitzroy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan
Noble family House of Beaufort
Father Charles Somerset, 4th Duke of Beaufort
Mother Elizabeth Berkeley
Born 16 October 1744
Died 11 October 1803

Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort KG (16 October 1744 – 11 October 1803)[1] was the only son of Charles Noel Somerset, 4th Duke of Beaufort and his wife, Elizabeth Berkeley. Styled Marquess of Worcester from 1746, at his father's death on 28 October 1756, he succeeded him as 5th Duke of Beaufort, 7th Marquess of Worcester, 11th Earl of Worcester, and 13th Baron Herbert.[2]

He matriculated at Oriel College, Oxford, on 18 October 1760, and graduated on 7 July 1763 with a Doctor of Civil Laws (D.C.L.) degree.[2]

He held the office of Grand Master of the Freemasons between 1767 and 1772.[2] From 1768 to 1770, he was Master of the Horse to the Queen Consort.[2] He was appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Monmouthshire in 1771 and Lord-Lieutenant of Brecknockshire in 1787, holding both offices until his death in 1803, as well as that of Lord-Lieutenant of Leicestershire from 1787 to 1799.[2] He was invested as a Knight of the Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 2 June 1786.[2] His last will was dated from 21 June 1789 to 11 September 1800. On 4 June 1803, shortly before his death, he succeeded to the title of 5th Lord Botetourt.[2]

On 2 January 1766 he married Elizabeth Boscawen, daughter of Hon. Edward Boscawen, Admiral of the Blue, and sister to George Boscawen, 3rd Viscount Falmouth.[2] With her he had nine sons and four daughters:

  1. Henry Charles Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort, his heir and successor
  2. Lord Charles Henry Somerset (2 December 1767 – 18 February 1831)
  3. Lord Edward Henry Somerset (1768–1769)
  4. Lord Norborne Berkeley Henry Somerset (4 May 1771 – 1838)
  5. Lady Elizabeth Somerset (11 February 1773 – 5 May 1836), who married, on 27 June 1796, Very Reverend Charles Talbot, Dean of Salisbury, grandson of Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot, with whom she had three sons and three daughters
  6. Lady Frances Elizabeth Somerset (3 April 1774 – 24 May 1841)
  7. Lady Harriet Isabella Elizabeth Somerset (9 July 1775 – 1 June 1855), married Colonel Hugh Henry Mitchell and had one son and two daughters.
  8. Lord Robert Edward Henry Somerset (19 December 1776 – 1 September 1842)
  9. Lord Arthur John Henry Somerset (1780–1816)
  10. Rev. Lord William George Henry Somerset (2 September 1784 – 14 January 1861), Prebendary of Bristol, who was married twice; on 29 June 1813 to Elizabeth Molyneux (d. 1843), daughter of Lt.-Gen. Sir Thomas Molyneux, 5th Baronet, with whom he had one son, and in 1844 to Frances Westby Brady (d. 31 August 1854), with whom he had no issue
  11. Lady Anne Elizabeth Somerset (7 June 1786 – 22 September 1803)
  12. Col. Lord John Thomas Henry Somerset (30 August 1787 – 3 October 1846), married Lady Catherine Annesley,[1] daughter of Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Mountnorris on 4 December 1814
  13. Fitzroy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan (30 September 1788 – 28 June 1855)

The 5th Duke of Beaufort is buried at St Michael and All Angels Church, Badminton.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Record for Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort on www.thepeerage.com
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h G. E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 55.
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Lord Blayney
Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England
1767–1772
Succeeded by
The Lord Petre
Court offices
Preceded by
The Earl De La Warr
Master of the Horse to Queen Charlotte
1768–1770
Succeeded by
The Earl Waldegrave
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Thomas Morgan
Lord Lieutenant of Monmouthshire
1771–1799
Succeeded by
The Duke of Beaufort
Preceded by
Charles Morgan
Lord Lieutenant of Brecknockshire
1787–1803
Preceded by
The Duke of Rutland
Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire
1787–1799
Succeeded by
The Duke of Rutland
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Noel Somerset
Duke of Beaufort
1756–1803
Succeeded by
Henry Charles Somerset
Preceded by
Abeyant
Baron Botetourt
1803