Henry Temple, 2nd Viscount Palmerston

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Henry Temple, 2nd Viscount Palmerston, FRS (4 December 1739 – 16 April 1802), was a British politician.

Life[edit]

He was born into 'the Ascendancy', the Anglo-Irish aristocracy. His family owned a vast country estate in the north of County Sligo in the west of Ireland. He succeeded to the peerage in 1757, and was educated at Clare College, Cambridge from 1757 to 1759.[1]

As a member of the British House of Commons, he represented the constituencies of East Looe between 1762 and 1768, Southampton between 1768 to 1774, Hastings between 1774 and 1784, Boroughbridge between 1784 and 1790, Newport, Isle of Wight between 1790 and 1796, and Winchester between 1796 and his death in 1802.

He was appointed to the Board of Trade in 1765, was a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty between 1766 and 1777, and was a Lord of the Treasury from 1777 to 1782.

In 1763 Temple journeyed to Italy, staying with Voltaire at Ferney en route. He reached Rome in 1764, and from there visited Paestum, south of Naples. He bought antiquities and paintings from Gavin Hamilton, antiquities from Giovanni Battista Piranesi, paintings from Angelica Kauffman, cameos from Giovanni Pichler and sculpture from Joseph Nollekens.[2]


He died on 16 April 1802 and left behind his wife and children. His son, Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in the mid-19th century.

A portrait of Henry Temple by Angelica Kauffman is held at Broadlands, Hampshire.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Palmerston, Henry (Temple), Viscount (PLMN757HT)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ I. Bignamini, C. Hornsby, Digging And Dealing In Eighteenth-Century Rome (2010), p.313-315

Further reading[edit]

  • Brian Connell, Portrait of a Whig Peer. Compiled from the papers of the Second Viscount Palmerston 1739 - 1802 (1957. London)
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Francis Gashry
John Buller
Member of Parliament for East Looe
1762 – 1768
With: John Buller
Succeeded by
Richard Hussey
John Buller
Preceded by
Henry Dawkins
Hans Stanley
Member of Parliament for Southampton
17681774
With: Hans Stanley
Succeeded by
John Fleming
Hans Stanley
Preceded by
Samuel Martin
William Ashburnham
Member of Parliament for Hastings
17741784
With: Charles Jenkinson
John Ord
Succeeded by
John Stanley
John Dawes
Preceded by
Anthony Eyre
Charles Ambler
Member of Parliament for Boroughbridge
17841790
With: Sir Richard Sutton, Bt
Succeeded by
Morris Robinson
Sir Richard Sutton, Bt
Preceded by
Edward Rushworth
George Byng
Member of Parliament for Newport
17901796
With: Viscount Melbourne to 1793
Peniston Lamb from 1793
Succeeded by
Jervoise Clarke Jervoise
Edward Rushworth
Preceded by
Henry Penton
Richard Grace Gamon
Member of Parliament for Winchester
17961800
With: Richard Grace Gamon
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Winchester
18011801
With: Richard Grace Gamon
Succeeded by
Sir Henry St John-Mildmay, Bt
Richard Grace Gamon
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Henry Temple
Viscount Palmerston
1757–1802
Succeeded by
Henry Temple