Henry Trelawny

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Brigadier-General Henry Trelawny (ca. 1658 – 8 January 1702) was a British Army officer of Cornish descent, the seventh and youngest son of Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 2nd Baronet and Mary Seymour.

From 1678 to 1681, he was a lieutenant of foot in the Admiral's Regiment. He then obtained a captain's commission in the 2nd Tangier Regiment, commanded by his brother Charles. Made a freeman of Portsmouth in 1683 and East Looe in 1685, he was returned to Parliament in the latter year for West Looe as a Tory on the interest of his eldest brother, Bishop Trelawny. In 1687, he was appointed to the commission of the peace for Cornwall.

During the Glorious Revolution, Charles, with a number of officers and men, including Henry, went over to William of Orange. Both Charles and Henry were returned to the Convention Parliament for East Looe, sitting as Tories. Both served as commissioners for assessment in Cornwall and Devon from 1689 to 1690.[1]

On 8 January 1690, Trelawny married Rebecca Hals (d. 1699), the daughter and coheiress of Matthew Hals of Eggbuckland, Devon.[1] By Rebecca he had two sons and three daughters:[2][3]

Both brothers were again returned for East Looe as Court Tories in 1690, and continued to sit for the borough through 1698.[4] In early 1692, Charles resigned the colonelcy of The Queen Consort's Regiment of Foot (the former 2nd Tangier) in protest over King William's supposed partiality to foreign officers, and Henry replaced him as colonel.[5] He left with the regiment to campaign in Flanders in March, and as a result, came to be regarded as a Court supporter in Parliament. Trelawny was again absent from Parliament in 1693 with his regiment in Flanders, where they saw fighting at the Battle of Landen. In November, Trelawny was appointed Vice-Admiral of South Cornwall in place of his elder brother, Bishop Trelawny. In this post, he was active in raising men for sea service over the next few years. While generally a Court supporter, he was thought likely to oppose the proposed council of trade in the 1696 session. He did sign the Association Oath and, unlike his brother, supported fixing guineas at 22s. During that year, he was a commissioner for receiving subscriptions to the abortive land bank project.[4]

Trelawny took part in the 1696 and 1697 campaigns in Flanders, and was promoted to brigadier-general during the former. In the fall of 1698, he and Charles were again returned for East Looe, but Charles was also returned for Plymouth, where he was Governor and for which he preferred to sit. Their first cousin Sir Henry Seymour replaced Charles at East Looe in a by-election in January 1699. Henry opposed the bill for disbanding much of the standing army in 1699, although his regiment was not affected. He went on half-pay in March 1700.[4]

In February 1701, he was returned with Charles for Plymouth, allowing Francis Godolphin to take the seat at East Looe. On 26 March 1701, he made a second marriage to Mary, the widow of Thomas Stawell and daughter of Richard Trevill; they had no children.[4] By this time, he had been added to the commission of the peace for Devon.[1] He opposed preparations for the English entry into the War of the Spanish Succession, but died on 8 January 1702. A large funeral was held for him at Plymouth.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Trelawny, Henry (c.1658-1702), of Trelawne, Pelynt, Cornw.". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Kimber, Edward; Johnson, Richard; Wotton, Thomas (1771). Baronetage of England. G. Woodfall. pp. 311–312. Retrieved 2 August 2007. 
  3. ^ Vivian, John Lambrick. The Visitation of Cornwall. pp. 477–478. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Trelawny, Henry (c.1658-1702), of Whitleigh, Devon". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  5. ^  "Trelawny, Charles". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Trelawny
Jonathan Trelawny
Member of Parliament for West Looe
1685–1687
With: James Kendall
Succeeded by
James Kendall
Percy Kirke
Preceded by
Charles Trelawny
Sir William Trumbull
Member of Parliament for East Looe
1689–1700
With: Charles Trelawny 1689–1699
Sir Henry Seymour, Bt 1699–1700
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Seymour, Bt
Francis Godolphin
Preceded by
Charles Trelawny
Sir John Rogers, Bt
Member of Parliament for Plymouth
1701–1702
With: Charles Trelawny
Succeeded by
Charles Trelawny
John Woolcombe
Military offices
Preceded by
Charles Trelawny
Colonel of The Queen Consort's Regiment of Foot
1692–1702
Succeeded by
William Seymour
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Jonathan Trelawny
Vice-Admiral of South Cornwall
1693–1702
Succeeded by
Charles Trelawny