Henry Wemyss Feilden
Feilden was the second son of Sir William Henry Feilden (1812−1879), 2nd Baronet of Feniscowles. He was educated at Cheltenham College. After joining the Black Watch, at the age of nineteen, he fought in the suppression of the Indian Mutiny 1857-58 and at the Taku Forts in China in 1860. He also volunteered on the side of the Confederate Army during the American Civil War of 1862−1865, serving as assistant adjutant-general, and surrendering after the last battle of the war, with the remnant of the Army of Tennessee under General J. E. Johnston to General Sherman.
He then returned to the British Army, where he made captain in the Royal Artillery in 1874. He served in the First Boer War in 1881 and again in Africa in 1890. After the outbreak of the Second Boer War, he was again appointed Paymaster of Imperial Yeomanry on 3 February 1900. He was decorated for his service in India, China and South Africa, and was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) for his services to Imperial Yeomanry in 1900.
Feilden also collected information on the geology, flora and fauna of newly explored areas, and served as naturalist on Sir George Nares' Northern Polar Expedition in 1875 on board Alert. He was a fast friend of the famous writer and poet Rudyard Kipling.
In 1864, Feilden married Julia, daughter of Judge David James McCord (1797–1855) of South Carolina. In 1880 Feilden settled in Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk. Feilden joined the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' Society in 1880 and became President in 1885. He lived in Norfolk for over 20 years, moving to Burwash, Sussex in 1902. Feilden contributed to Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' Society and submitted scientific papers to The Zoologist and Ibis (the journal of the British Ornithologists' Union, to which he was elected in 1873), amongst others.
Was naturalist to Sir George Nares' Polar Expedition of 1875−6, when, besides making large and valuable zoological observations and collections, he laid down the geology of 300 miles of the coast of Smith's Sound, and brought home 2000 specimens, carefully localised, illustrating and confirming his surveys. On the same voyage he discovered the Miocene Flora of Grinnell's Land, his collection and observations on which from an important contribution to Heer's "Flora Fossilis Arctica." He has made three subsequent voyages to Arctic Europe and Asia, visiting Novaya Zemlya, Barents Land, Kolguev Island, Spitsbergen, and Russian Lapland, for the purpose of collating the geology, zoology, and botany of Arctic Europe with those of America…[this quote needs a citation]
- Nares, G.S., Feilden, H.W., 1878. Narrative of a Voyage to the Polar Sea During 1875-6 in H.M. Ships Alert ̓and Discovery (sections on Ethnology, Mammalia and Ornithology, and Geology jointly with Charles Eugene de Rance)
- "FEILDEN, Col. Henry Wemyss". Who's Who, 59: p. 584. 1907.
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Feilden, Henry Wemyss". Encyclopedia Americana.
- Royal Geographic Society biography and collection
- "Obituary - Henry Wemyss Feilden", in Ibis 63, Issue 4, pp. 726−732 doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.1921.tb01297.x
- Norfolk Museums biography of Feilden
- The London Gazette: . 2 February 1900.
- "Further Results of the Arctic Expedition.—The Fossil Flora.". The Geographical Magazine: pp. 324–325. Dec 1, 1877.
- South Carolina Women, The South Carolina Historical Society Julia McCord Feilden was the daughter of the South Carolina author Louisa Susannah Cheves McCord (1810–1879),
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