Henry Wharton Conway

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Henry Wharton Conway
HWConway.jpg
Delegate for
Arkansas Territory
In office
March 4, 1823 – November 9, 1827
Preceded by James Woodson Bates
Succeeded by Ambrose Hundley Sevier
Personal details
Born (1793-03-18)March 18, 1793
Greeneville, Tennessee, U.S.
Died November 9, 1827(1827-11-09) (aged 34)
Political party Democratic-Republican
Relations James Sevier Conway (brother), Elias Nelson Conway (brother), Ambrose Hundley Sevier (cousin), Henry Massey Rector (cousin), James Lawson Kemper (third cousin)
Profession Ensign/lieutenant, United States Navy, 1812-1813
Clerk, U.S. Treasury, 1817-1818
Receiver of Public Moneys, Arkansas Territory, 1920-1921
Delegate, United States Congress, 1823-1827
Military service
Service/branch Navy
Years of service 1812-1813
Rank Lieutenant

Henry Wharton Conway (March 18, 1793 – November 9, 1827) was a United States naval officer during the War of 1812 and a politician in Arkansas Territory, who was elected as a territorial delegate (1823-1827) to the United States House of Representatives for three consecutive congresses. He died in 1827 as a result of wounds from a duel with Robert Crittenden, a former friend and political ally.[1]

Biography[edit]

Conway was born into a planter family on March 18, 1793, as the son of Thomas and Ann Rector Conway, near Greeneville, Tennessee in Greene County, Tennessee. He was educated by private tutors. He had two younger brothers who followed him into politics in the West.

Career[edit]

During the War of 1812, Conway was commissioned as an Ensign in the United States Navy, and was promoted to Lieutenant in 1813.

In 1817, Conway became a clerk in the U.S. Treasury. Having saved money for his journey, the following year he joined the migration West to the Missouri Territory. In 1820, he moved to the Arkansas Territory. There he became active in territorial politics, forming a friendship and an alliance with Robert Crittenden. His younger brothers James Sevier Conway and Elias Nelson Conway also later became politicians in Arkansas after it became a state in 1836; they served as first and fifth governors of the state, respectively. In Arkansas, he was appointed as receiver of public moneys, serving from 1820 through 1821.[2]

Conway was elected in 1822 as a territorial delegate to the Eighteenth Congress and was re-elected to the Nineteenth, and Twentieth Congresses, serving in total from March 4, 1823 until his death.[3]

Following political differences in 1825, Conway and Crittenden grew apart, publicizing their feud in newspapers. Their conflict resulted in a duel held on October 29, 1827, near Napoleon, Arkansas. Conway was mortally wounded by Crittenden and died several days later. on November 9, 1827.

Death and legacy[edit]

Conway died on November 9, 1827 (age 34 years, 236 days), and is interred at Scull Cemetery, Arkansas Post, Arkansas. [4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Henry Wharton Conway". Conway-Crittenden Duel - The Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Henry Wharton Conway". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Henry Wharton Conway". Govtrack US Congresss. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  4. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~petal/conway.htm
  5. ^ "Henry Wharton Conway". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 

External links[edit]


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
James Woodson Bates
Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arkansas Territory

March 4, 1823 – November 9, 1827
Succeeded by
Ambrose Hundley Sevier