Henry of Scotland

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Henry of Scotland
Spouse Ada de Warenne
House House of Dunkeld
Father David I of Scotland
Mother Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon
Born 1114
Died 12 June 1152(1152-06-12)
Henry of Scotland: penny
hENRICVS •[F RE?], crowned bust right, sceptre before +EREBALD: ON [C]OREB:, cross moline with fleur in each angle within tressure.
AR 1,18 gm, 10h. Corbridge mint; moneyer: (H)erebald

Henry of Scotland (Eanric mac Dabíd, 1114 – 12 June 1152) was a prince of Scotland, heir to the Kingdom of Alba. He was also the 3rd Earl of Northumberland and the 3rd Earl of the Honour of Huntingdon and Northampton.

He was the son of King David I of Scotland and Queen Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon. His maternal grandparents were Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria and Huntingdon, (beheaded 1076) and his spouse Judith of Lens.

Henry was named after his uncle, King Henry I of England, who had married his paternal aunt Edith of Scotland (the name Edith gallicised as Matilda after becoming Queen consort in 1100). He had three sons, two of whom became King of Scotland, and a third whose descendants were to prove critical in the later days of the Scottish royal house. He also had three daughters. Margaret was born 1145, married Humphrey III de Bo Hun in February 1171 and died in 1201.

His eldest son became King of Scots as Malcolm IV in 1153. (Malcolm the Maiden) Henry's second son (William the Lion) became king in 1165 on the death of his brother, reigning as William I. Both in their turn inherited the title of Earl of Huntingdon. His third son, David became 8th Earl of Huntingdon. It is from David, the 8th Earl, that all Kings of Scotland after Margaret, Maid of Norway claim descent.

On Henry's death, the Earldom passed to his half-brother Simon II de Senlis.

Family[edit]

Henry married Ada de Warenne, the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (died 1138), and Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter of Hugh of Vermandois.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  • Barlow, Professor Frank, The Feudal Kingdom of England 1012 - 1216, London,1955, tree opposite p.288.
  • Burke, John & John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with their Descendants, Sovereigns and Subjects, London, 1851, vol.2, page xlvii and pedigree XXIX.
  • Dunbar, Sir Archibald H., Bt., Scottish Kings, a Revised Chronology of Scottish History, 1005 - 1625, Edinburgh, 1899, p.64-65.
  • Howard, Joseph Jackson, LL.D., F.S.A., Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, New Series, volume I, London, 1874, p.337.
  • Stringer, Keith, "Senlis, Simon (II) de, earl of Northampton and earl of Huntingdon (d. 1153)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 20 May 2007
Henry of Scotland
Born: ? 1114 Died: 12 June 1152
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Maud
Earl for Honour of Huntingdon-Northampton
1130–1138
Succeeded by
Simon de Senlis
Preceded by
Simon de Senlis
Earl for Honour of Huntingdon-Northampton
1138–1141
Vacant
Title last held by
Robert de Mowbray
Earl of Northumbria
1139–1152
Succeeded by
William fitz Henry