Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Spouse(s) Sophie of Pomarania
Margaret of Hesse
Noble family House of Guelph
Father Magnus with the Necklace, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg
Born c.  1355
Died 14 October 1416(1416-10-14)

Henry of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Latin Henricus, died 14 October 1416), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, called Henry the Mild, was prince of Lüneburg from 1388 to 1409 jointly with his brother Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, from 1400 to 1409 also of Wolfenbüttel, and from 1409 until his death sole prince of Lüneburg.

Henry was the fourth son of Magnus with the Necklace, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He participated in the prosecution of the murderers of his brother Frederick, elected King of the Romans, after 1400. Henry ravaged the Eichsfeld, a possession of the archbishop of Mainz, who was suspected to be involved in the murder. Only in 1405, a peace was ratified between Brunswick-Lüneburg and the Archbishopric.

In 1404, Henry was kidnapped by Bernard VI, Count of Lippe; when he paid a ransom, he was released, and later, with the support of King Rupert, took revenge on Bernard.

After the death of Gerhard, Count of Schleswig, Henry's sister's husband, Queen Margaret I of Denmark tried to take control of Schleswig, but Henry, together with Holstein, successfully defended Schleswig.

Family[edit]

Henry married Sophie (died 1406), daughter of Wartislaw VI, Duke of Pomerania, in 1388. Children were:

Henry married Margaret (c. 1389–1471), daughter of Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse, in 1409. They had one known child:

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: about 1355 Died: 14 October 1416
German nobility
Preceded by
Wenceslaus
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Lüneburg

1388–1416
Succeeded by
William the Victorious
and his brother
Henry the Peaceful
Preceded by
Frederick I
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
joint reign with his brother Bernard I

1400–1409
Succeeded by
Bernard I