Henry the Peaceful, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Henry the Peaceful, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Spouse(s) Helen of Cleves
Noble family House of Guelph
Father Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Margaret of Hesse
Born 1141
Died 7 December 1473(1473-12-07)

Henry the Peaceful (1411 – 7 December 1473), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, called the Peaceful (Latin: Henricus Pacificus, German: Heinrich der Friedfertige), ruled over both parts of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

Life[edit]

Henry was the son of Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. On their father's death in 1416, Henry and his brother William inherited the Principality of Lüneburg, while under the guardianship of the City Council of Lüneburg (Lunenburg). When the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg was reorganized in 1428, Henry and his brother swapped Lüneburg for the Principality of Brunswick, including Calenberg.

After Henry became of age, he tried to separate his and his brother's government. In 1432, he occupied Wolfenbüttel castle, and the brothers agreed to divide the territory: Henry received Brunswick and William received Calenberg, Everstein, and Homburg.

Henry died without sons in 1473; his territory was inherited by his brother William.

Family[edit]

Henry married Helen (1423–1471), daughter of Adolph I, Duke of Cleves, in 1436. They only had one child:

Ancestors[edit]

References[edit]

Henry, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: 1411 Died: 7 December 1473
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Henry the Mild
Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg
Princes of Lunenburg
joint reign with his elder half-brother William the Victorious

1416–1428
Succeeded by
Bernard I
Preceded by
Bernard I
Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg
Princes of Wolfenbüttel
until 1432 joint reign with his elder half-brother William the Victorious

1428–1473
Succeeded by
William the Victorious