Henryk Batuta hoax

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The real Batuta Street in Warsaw.

The Henryk Batuta hoax was a hoax perpetrated on the Polish Wikipedia from November 2004 to February 2006.

History[edit]

The perpetrators of the hoax created an article about Henryk Batuta (born Izaak Apfelbaum), a fictional socialist revolutionary and Polish Communist. The fake biography said Batuta was born in Odessa in 1898, and participated in the Russian Civil War. The article was created on 8 November 2004 and exposed as a hoax 16 months later when on 1 February 2006, it was listed for deletion.

The article was ten sentences long while it existed on Wikipedia. It gained some prominence after stories about it appeared in prominent Polish newspapers (Gazeta Wyborcza) and magazines (Przekrój), as well as a British one (The Observer).

The article also falsely claimed a street in Warsaw was named "Henryk Batuta Street", after the fictional communist official. The anonymous hoaxers who created the article, according to the press calling themselves "The Batuta Army" (pl. "Armia Batuty"), allegedly wanted to draw attention to the fact that there are still places in Poland named after former communist officials who "do not deserve the honour".

The hoax was exposed when the article was listed for deletion. Even after the article was exposed as a well-organized hoax, its perpetrators tried to convince others of its authenticity by providing false bibliographical information and even by uploading a doctored photograph of a street name "ulica Henryka Batuty" (Henryk Batuta Street). The mystification was "officially" exposed and confirmed on 9 February 2006, when the Polish daily Gazeta Wyborcza and weekly Przekrój published their articles about the hoax.

There is an "ulica Batuty" (Batuta Street) in Warsaw;[1] however, the name actually comes from the Polish word "batuta", which means "conductor's baton".

Content of the hoax article[edit]

The hoax article as it appeared on the Polish Wikipedia on 1 February 2006, when the article was finally exposed as a hoax.[2]

Henryk Batuta, właśc. Izaak Apfelbaum (ur. 1898 w Odessie, zm. 1947 pod Ustrzykami Górnymi) - polski komunista, działacz międzynarodowego ruchu robotniczego.

Ul. Henryka Batuty

Uczestnik wojny domowej w Rosji, po powrocie do kraju członek Komunistycznej Partii Polski. Na mocy partyjnych wyroków organizował zabójstwa tajnych współpracowników policji politycznej, których wykonawcą był m.in. Wacław Komar. Sprawa ta wyszła na jaw dopiero w latach 50. W latach 1934–1935 więzień Berezy Kartuskiej, później na emigracji. Uczestnik wojny domowej w Hiszpanii. W czasie II wojny światowej w ZSRR, od 1943 członek Związku Patriotów Polskich, major Korpusu Bezpieczeństwa Wewnętrznego. Zginął w 1947 pod Ustrzykami Górnymi w starciu z UPA.

Jego osobie poświęcona jest ulica w Warszawie (Służew nad Dolinką). Po 1989 r. pojawiały się liczne głosy, by zmienić jej nazwę, jednak do zmiany nie doszło.

English translation:

Henryk Batuta, real name Izaak Apfelbaum, (born 1898 in Odessa – died 1947 near Ustrzyki Górne) was a Polish communist and an activist in the international workers' movement.

A participant of the Russian civil war, he joined the Communist Party of Poland after returning home. Enforcing party sentences, he organised assassinations of undercover political police informers; the killings were carried out by Wacław Komar, among others. Only in the fifties was this revealed. From 1934 to 1935 he was imprisoned in Bereza Kartuska, later he emigrated. He participated in the Spanish civil war. During World War II he stayed in the Soviet Union; in 1943 he joined the Union of Polish Patriots; he became the major of the Internal Security Corps. He died in 1947 near Ustrzyki Górne in a clash with the UPA.

His figure is commemorated by a street in Warsaw (Służew nad Dolinką). After 1989 many suggested renaming the street, but the name was never changed.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Polish[edit]