Hensleigh Wedgwood (21 January 1803 – 2 June 1891) was a British etymologist, philologist and barrister, author of A Dictionary of English Etymology. Wedgwood was the fourth son of Josiah Wedgwood II and Elizabeth Allen. He was a cousin of Charles Darwin -- whom his sister Emma married in 1839.
Wedgwood was educated at Rugby School. He entered St John's College, Cambridge in 1820 but switched to Christ's College the following year. Though he did well in maths, graduating as 8th wrangler, he finished bottom in the classical tripos at Cambridge in 1824, for which he was awarded the first "wooden wedge", equivalent to the wooden spoon, and jokingly named for him.
He married Frances Emma Elizabeth Mackintosh (Fanny) (1800-1889) in 1832, his first cousin, the daughter of Sir James Mackintosh and his second wife Catherine (Kitty) Allen. It was an open family secret that Hensleigh's cousin Erasmus Alvey Darwin was carrying on with Fanny. They had six children:
- Frances Julia Wedgwood (1833-1913), feminist philosopher and writer known as "Snow".
- James Mackintosh Wedgwood (1834-1874)
- Ernest Hensleigh Wedgwood (1837-1898)
- Katherine Euphemia Wedgwood (1839-1934), married Thomas Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer.
- Alfred Allen Wedgwood (1842-1892), father of J. I. Wedgwood.
- Hope Elizabeth (1844-1935) married her cousin Godfrey Wedgwood.
Partial list of works 
- On the Development of Understanding, 1848.
- On the Origin of Language, 1866.
- A Dictionary of English Etymology, Second Edition, 1872.
- Contested Etymologies in the Dictionary of Rev. W. W. Skeat, 1882.
- Herford, C. H.; rev. John D. Haigh (2004). "Wedgwood, Hensleigh (1803–1891)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
- Venn, J.; Venn, J. A., eds. (1922–1958). "Wedgewood (or Wedgwood), Hensleigh". Alumni Cantabrigienses (10 vols) (online ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Bristed, Charles Astor (1852). Five years in an English university. G. P. Putnam. p. 253.
- http://wardsbookofdays.com/2june.htm Hensleigh Wedgwood and The Wooden Spoon @ Ward's Book of Days
|This biography of a British linguist is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|