Heparan sulfate 2-O-sulfotransferase

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Heparan sulfate 2-O-sulfotransferase
Identifiers
Symbol HS2ST
Pfam PF03567
InterPro IPR005331

Heparan sulfate 2-O-sulfotransferase is a sulfotransferase enzyme. Heparan sulfate (HS) is a long unbranched polysaccharide found covalently attached to various proteins at the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix, where it acts as a co-receptor for a number of growth factors, morphogens, and adhesion proteins. HS-O-sulfotransferase (Hs2st) occupies a critical position in the succession of enzymes responsible for the biosynthesis of HS, catalysing the transfer of sulfate to the C2-position of selected hexuronic acid residues within the nascent HS chain. Mice that lack HS2ST undergo developmental failure after midgestation, the most dramatic effect being the complete failure of kidney development.[1] This family is related to IPR005331.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Li J, Shworak NW, Simons M (2002). "Increased responsiveness of hypoxic endothelial cells to FGF2 is mediated by HIF-1alpha-dependent regulation of enzymes involved in synthesis of heparan sulfate FGF2-binding sites". J. Cell Sci. 115: 1951–1959. PMID 11956326. 

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro IPR007734