Heraklion (regional unit)

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Heraklion
Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Ηρακλείου
Regional unit
Municipalities of Heraklion regional unit
Municipalities of Heraklion regional unit
Heraklion regional unit within Greece
Heraklion regional unit within Greece
Coordinates: 35°10′N 25°10′E / 35.167°N 25.167°E / 35.167; 25.167Coordinates: 35°10′N 25°10′E / 35.167°N 25.167°E / 35.167; 25.167
Country Greece
Region Crete
Capital Heraklion
Area
 • Total 2,641 km2 (1,020 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 305,490
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Postal codes 70x xx, 71x xx
Area codes 2810, 289x0
ISO 3166 code GR-91
Car plates HK, HP
Website www.nah.gr

Heraklion (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Ηρακλείου) is one of the four regional units of Crete. The capital is the city of Heraklion.

Geography[edit]

The regional unit of Heraklion borders on the regional units of Rethymno to the west and Lasithi to the east. Farmlands are situated in the central and the northern parts, at the coast and in valleys. The mountains dominate the rest of the regional unit, notably the south. The main mountains are parts of Ida or Idi Mountains to the west and Asterousia in the south. The regional unit includes the island of Dia to the north.

Except for the mountains which receive mild to cool winters unlike northern Greece, the warm to hot Mediterranean climate dominates the regional unit.

Ancient history[edit]

Within the Heraklion regional unit's boundaries are a number of significant Neolithic and Minoan settlements, most notably the ancient palace complexes of Knossos and Phaistos.[1][2][3] While both archaeological sites evince Neolithic habitation, it is the rich finds of Minoan civilisation, which flourished approximately 2000 to 1600 BC, that command the greatest scholarly attention.

Important ancient cities are:

Population history[edit]

  • 1991 - 263,868
  • 2001 - 292,482
  • 2011 - 305,490

Administration[edit]

The regional unit Heraklion is subdivided into 8 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[4]

Prefecture[edit]

The Heraklion prefecture (Greek: Νομός Ηρακλείου) was created in 1915, after Crete joined with the rest of Greece. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Heraklion was created out of the former prefecture Heraklion. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[4]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Archanes-Asterousia Archanes Peza
Asterousia
Nikos Kazantzakis
Faistos Zaros Moires
Moires
Tympaki
Gortyna Gortyna Agioi Deka
Agia Varvara
Kofinas
Rouvas
Heraklion
(Irakleio)
Heraklion Heraklion
Gorgolainis
Nea Alikarnassos
Paliani
Temenos
Hersonissos
(Chersonisos)
Hersonissos Gournes
Episkopi
Gouves
Malia
Malevizi Gazi Gazi
Krousonas
Tylisos
Minoa Pediada Arkalochori Evangelismos
Thrapsano
Kasteli
Viannos Viannos Ano Viannos

Provinces[edit]

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.

Transport[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Communications[edit]

The following television channels serve the prefecture:

See also[edit]

Line notes[edit]

  1. ^ A. Evans, 1921
  2. ^ C. M. Hogan, 2007
  3. ^ Phaistos profile
  4. ^ a b Kallikratis reform law text PDF
  5. ^ Name changes of settlements in Greece

References[edit]

External links[edit]