Herat International Airport

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Herat International Airport
Persian: میدان هوایی بین المللی هرات
Plane of Pamir Airways at Herat Airport in 2010.jpg
A Pamir Airways parked at the airport in 2010

IATA: HEAICAO: OAHR

HEA is located in Afghanistan
HEA
HEA
Location of airport in Afghanistan
Summary
Airport type Public/Military
Owner Afghanistan
Operator Afghan Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation / ISAF
Location Herat
Elevation AMSL 3,205 ft / 977 m
Coordinates 34°12′36.2″N 62°13′40.6″E / 34.210056°N 62.227944°E / 34.210056; 62.227944 (Herat Airport (Herat))Coordinates: 34°12′36.2″N 62°13′40.6″E / 34.210056°N 62.227944°E / 34.210056; 62.227944 (Herat Airport (Herat))
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
18/36 8,435 2,571 Paved
Source: Landings.com[1]

Herat International Airport[2] (IATA: HEAICAO: OAHR) is located 6.5 miles (10.5 km) southeast of the city of Herat in western Afghanistan, east of the Herat-Farah road, close to Guzara in the Guzara District of the Herat Province. It is Afghanistan's the third largest commercial airport after Kabul International Airport, and Kandahar International Airport.[2]

History[edit]

The airport was originally built by engineers from the United States in the late 1950s.[citation needed] During the 1980s Soviet war, it was heavily used by the Soviets to launch bombardment missions on Mujahideen rebel forces.[citation needed] The airport was a base for military fighters and transport aircraft (likely Antonov An-26, Antonov An-32 and Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21). During the late 2001 Operation Enduring Freedom, it was bombed by US and/or British aircraft.[citation needed] On 12 November 2001, the 2001 uprising in Herat broke out, and the Taliban were ousted from the area. Elements of the U.S. Army Special Forces Operational Detachment Alpha 554 ("Texas 08") arrived at the airport soon afterwards, and in the words of the team's report: "..directly negotiate with local commanders for the placement of multinational humanitarian assistance teams to be stationed" at the airport.[3] From 2002 to 2005, the U.S.-led coalition forces ran international operations at the airport.[citation needed]

In May 2005, responsibility was shifted to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), as part of the Stage 2 transition between the U.S.-led coalition and NATO. For 45 days a 47-person Tanker Airlift Control Element, primarily deployed from the 621st Contingency Response Wing, McGuire Air Force Base, N.J. prepared the airport for the arrival of 300+ Italian troops as they assumed leadership over ISAF operations in the western regions of Afghanistan.[4] For this particular tasking, they supported two C-17 sorties every day. They also assisted the Italian aerial port in servicing coalition C-130s that landed at the airport.

ISAF use has continued since 2005, joined by the Afghan National Army Air Corps, now Afghan Air Force, and the Afghan National Police. In recent years taly has pledged 137 million Euros for the expansion of the airport.[2] As a result the runway was extended and re-paved and a new international terminal, named after Captain Massimo Ranzani, a fallen Italian officer, was opened.[5] In 2011 and the airport became known as Herat International Airport.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Afghan Jet International Kabul[6]
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul[7]
East Horizon Airlines Chaghcharan, Farah, Kabul, Maymana, Zaranj[8]
Iran Aseman Airlines Mashad[9]
Kam Air Kabul, Mazar-i-Sharif[citation needed]
Safi Airways Delhi, Dubai, Kabul[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport record for Herat Airport at Landings.com. Retrieved 1 August 2013
  2. ^ a b c Karzai briefed on Herat airport expansion map
  3. ^ Dick Camp, 'Boots on the Ground: The Fight to Liberate Afghanistan,' Zenith Imprint, January 2012, 212.
  4. ^ Globalsecurity.org, Herat Airfield military role, accessed August 2013.
  5. ^ New Herat airport terminal named after fallen Italian soldier
  6. ^ Afghan Jet route map
  7. ^ Ariana schedule
  8. ^ 2014 Timetable, http://flyeasthorizon.com/flight-schedule/
  9. ^ (HEA) Herat Airport Departures May 25,2014, http://www.flightstats.com
  10. ^ Safi Airways, August 2014 Schedule, http://www.safiairways.com/schedule

External links[edit]