Herbert Gustave Schmalz

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Herbert Gustave Schmalz: Too Late, 1884

Herbert Gustave Schmalz (1856 – 1935),[1] who named himself John Wilson Carmichael in 1918, was an English painter. He is counted among the Pre-Raphaelites.

Life[edit]

Herbert Gustave Schmalz: Return from Calvary, 1891

Schmalz was born in England as the son of a German father and an English mother. He received conventional education in painting, first at the South Kensington Art School and later at the Royal Academy of Arts, where he studied with Frank Dicksee, Stanhope Forbes and Arthur Hacker. He perfected his studies in Antwerp at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts.[citation needed]

After his return to London he made a name for himself as a history painter, with a style influenced by the Pre-Raphaelites and orientalism. In 1884 he successfully exhibited his painting Too Late at the Royal Academy. After a voyage to Jerusalem in 1890 he made a series of paintings with New Testament topics, with Return from Calvary (1891) one of the best known.[citation needed]

After 1895 Schmalz increasingly painted portraits. In 1900 he held a big solo exhibition named "A Dream of Fair Women" in the Fine Art Society in Bond Street.[citation needed]

Schmalz was friends with William Holman Hunt, Val Prinsep and Frederic Leighton. In 1918, after Germany was defeated in World War I, he changed his name to John Wilson Carmichael.[citation needed]

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