Herbert Wilhelmy

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Herbert Wilhelmy
Herbert Wilhelmy.pdf
Born (1910-02-04)4 February 1910
Sondershausen, Germany
Died 1 February 2003
Nationality German
Fields Geography,
Alma mater University of Leipzig
Known for Geomorphology, Urban morphology

Herbert Wilhelmy (* February 4, 1910 in Sondershausen; † February 1, 2003 in Tübingen) was a German geographer. Wilhelmy has made significant impact in the area of Latin American regional geography, with a focus on climatic geomorphology and, especially, morphogenetic urban geography.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Background[edit]

Wilhelmy studied geography, geology und ethnology at the universities of Gießen, Bonn, Vienna (1930) and Leipzig. In 1932 he finished his doctoral degree—supervised by Heinrich Schmitthenner—that treated the geomorphology of western Bulgaria Die Oberflächenformen des Iskergebietes: Eine Morphogenese Westbulgariens. Also his Habilitation in Kiel, as Oskar Schmieder's assistant (from 1932), was dedicated to the Bulgarian Balkan mountains' settlement and economy—Hoch-Bulgarien: Die ländlichen Siedlungen und die bäuerliche Wirtschaft (1935), Sofia, Wandlungen einer Großstadt zwischen Orient und Okzident (1936). He worked at the Universität Kiel 1939–1942 (as contracted lecturer), 1942–1954 as associated professor, interrupted by a work period as meteorologist and research director in Ukraine (1941—1943). In 1954 he became full professor at the Universität Stuttgart as Hermann Lautensach's successor. 1959—1960 he researched at the University of California, Berkeley with James J. Parsons—a student of Carl O. Sauer—and generated William M. Denevan's interest for writing a dissertation on the Llanos de Mojos.[7] Subsequently he followed Hermann von Wissmann, son of Hermann von Wissmann, and went to the Universität Tübingen, where he retired in 1978.[8] He advised several doctoral and/or post-doctoral students, among others Ralph Jätzold (agricultural geography), Wolfgang Brücher (industrial geography), Axel Borsdorf (settlement geography) and Hartmut Leser (geomorphology).

Research[edit]

Wilhelmy was a universalist, whose research interest bridged the full spectra of Physical geography and Human geography. As a pupil of Oskar Schmieder—in turn an advisee of Alfred Hettner and got in contact with Latin America at Berkeley—, he dedicated his work to Latin America. Initially focusing on settlement and agricultural colonization, he later founded the German tradition of Latin Americanist urban geography at Kiel.[9] In this context, he is considered a prominent representative of the cultural-genetic urban geography tradition,[10] which bases on concepts of cultural regions.[11] Further, he published two monographies about Alexander von Humboldt.

Memberships[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilhelmy, H. (1970): Appearance and functions of the large Latin-American cities in the past and present. In: Geoforum 1 (3), 31–38 [1]
  2. ^ Wilhelmy, H. (1953): Bericht über meine Kolumbienreise 1952. In: Erdkunde 7 (4), 293–298 [2]
  3. ^ Wilhelmy, H. (1950): Gestaltwandel der Städte Südamerikas: vom kolonialen Barock zum Eisenbeton. In: Die ERDE 81 (1), 296–304 [3]
  4. ^ Wilhelmy, H. (1950): Die spanische Kolonialstadt in Südamerika: Grundzüge ihrer baulichen Gestaltung. In: Geographica Helvetica 5 (1), 18–36 [4]
  5. ^ Wilhelmy, H. (1952): Südamerika im Spiegel seiner Städte. Hamburg: De Gruyter
  6. ^ Wagner, P.L. (1982): Wilhelmy's Geographical Appraisal of Mayan Civilization. In: Geographical Review 72 (2), 223–227 [5]
  7. ^ Denenvan, W.M. (1966): The Aboriginal Cultural Geography Of The Llanos De Mojos Of Bolivia. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  8. ^ Schröder, K.H. (1970): Herbert Wilhelmy zum 60. Geburtstag. In: Blume, H., Schröder, K.H. (Eds.): Beiträge zur Geographie der Tropen und Subtropen. Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von Herbert Wilhelmy. Tübingen: Geographical Institute of the University of Tübingen.
  9. ^ Bock, U. (2005): Deutsche Lateinamerikaforschung im Nationalsozialismus. In: Carreras, S. (Ed.): Der Nationalsozialismus und Südamerika. Berlin: Ibero-Amerikanisches Institut Preußischer Kulturbesitz. Ibero-Online.de Heft 3/I
  10. ^ Heineberg, H. (2007): German geographical urban morphology in an international and interdisciplinary framework. In: Urban Morphology 11 (1), 5–24 [6]
  11. ^ Holzner, L. et al. (1967): Toward a Theory of Cultural-Genetic City Classification. In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers 57 (2), 367–381 [7]