Herbert de Losinga

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Herbert de Losinga
Bishop of Norwich
Herbert de Losinga, Bauchon Window, Norwich Cathedral.jpg
Bauchon Window of Norwich Cathedral
Province Canterbury
Diocese Norwich
In office c. 1095–1119
Successor Everard
Orders
Consecration 1090 or 1091
Personal details
Born Exmes, Normandy
Died 22 July 1119
Denomination Roman Catholic
Parents Robert de Losinga, Abbot of New Minster, Winchester
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Herbert de Losinga (died 22 July 1119) was the first Bishop of Norwich. He founded Norwich Cathedral in 1096 when he was Bishop of Thetford.

Life[edit]

Losinga was born in born Exmes, near Argentan, Normandy, the son of Robert de Losinga (who later became Abbot of New Minster, Winchester).[1][2] The name is believed to be a corruption of Lotharingia, or Lorraine.[1]

He was educated in Normandy, and took his vows at Fécamp Abbey in Normandy, of which he eventually became prior. While serving in this office that he was invited to England by the king, William Rufus, who appointmented him abbot of Ramsey Abbey.[3]

Losinga was consecrated Bishop of Thetford in 1090 or 1091.[4] He received the appointment having paid the king a sum of £1,900 pounds, as part of a deal in which Herbert's father was also made Abbot of Winchester.[5] In 1094 he went to Rome to ask for forgiveness from Pope Urban for this act of simony.[6] On his return he transferred the see from Thetford to Norwich, in accordance with the decree of Lanfranc's synod of 1075, that bishops should have their sees in the principal town of the diocese.[7]

In addition to Norwich Cathedral, Losinga was responsible for founding St Margaret's Church, King's Lynn, the Church of St Nicholas in Great Yarmouth, and Norwich School.

Losinga visited Rome for a second time in 1116, representing the king in a dispute between the monarch and Anselm, the Archbishop of Canterbury. It may have been on the return journey that he fell severely ill at Placentia; other sources suggest he suffered this illness on a possible third journey to Rome, which he did not complete, instead awaiting his fellow ambassadors at Placentia, before returning to England with them. One of his last public appearances was at the funeral of Queen Matilda on May Day 1118.[8]

Losinga died on 22 July 1119[9] and was buried before the high altar of Norwich Cathedral.[8]

Fourteen sermons and 57 letters written by Losinga have survived.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Losinga, Herbert de". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  2. ^ Doubleday, H. Arthur; Page, William, eds. (1903). Houses of Benedictine monks: New Minster, or the Abbey of Hyde. A History of the County of Hampshire. Volume 2. British History Online. pp. 116–122. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Quennell 1898, p.5
  4. ^ British History Online Bishops of Norwich accessed on 29 October 2007
  5. ^ Quennell, p.6
  6. ^ Quennell, p.94
  7. ^ Quennell 1898, p.94
  8. ^ a b Quennell 1898, p.98
  9. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 261
  10. ^ Wollaston, Deirdre (1996). "Herbert de Losinga". In Atherton, Ian. Norwich Cathedral : church, city and diocese, 1096-1996. London [u.a.]: Continuum. p. 22. ISBN 9781852851347. 

References[edit]

  • British History Online Bishops of Norwich accessed on 29 October 2007
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Quennell, C. H. B. (1898). The Cathedral Church of Norwich. Bell's Cathedrals. London: George Bell and Sons. 
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
William de Beaufeu
Bishop of Thetford
c. 1090–c. 1095
See moved to Norwich
See moved from Thetford Bishop of Norwich
c. 1095–1119
Succeeded by
Everard