Herbrand Russell, 11th Duke of Bedford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Duke of Bedford
11thDukeOfBedford.jpg
Born (1858-02-19)19 February 1858
Died 27 August 1940(1940-08-27) (aged 82)
Title Duke of Bedford
Tenure 14 January 1891 – 27 August 1940
Other titles 11th Marquess of Tavistock
15th Earl of Bedford
15th Baron Russell
13th Baron Russell of Thornhaugh
11th Baron Howland
Successor Hastings Russell, 12th Duke
Spouse(s) Mary du Caurroy Tribe
Parents Francis Russell, 9th Duke of Bedford
Elizabeth Sackville-West

Herbrand Arthur Russell, 11th Duke of Bedford KG KBE DL LLD FRS[1] FSA (19 February 1858 – 27 August 1940) was the son of Francis Russell, 9th Duke of Bedford.

Family[edit]

He married Mary du Caurroy Tribe on 31 January 1888 at Barrackpore, India. They had one child, Hastings William Sackville Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford (1888–1953). He also took as his ward his brother's illegitimate daughter until she was married. Mary, Duchess of Bedford was later appointed DBE. Dame Mary Russell died in an aviation accident in 1937, three years before her husband.

Career[edit]

He gained the rank of officer in the service of the Grenadier Guards and was made a Colonel of the 3rd Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment between 1897 and 1908. He fought in the Egyptian campaign in 1882 and in the First World War, where he was mentioned in dispatches.

He held the office of Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex between 1898 and 1926, President of the Zoological Society in 1899, Mayor of Holborn in 1900, Aide-de-Camp to the Viceroy of India between 1885 and 1886, Military Aide-de-Camp between 1908 and 1920 to King Edward VII and King George V, and sometime Deputy Lieutenant of Bedfordshire.

The Duke of Bedford was instrumental in saving the Père David's Deer from extinction after they became extinct in their native China. He acquired the few remaining deer from European zoos and nurtured a herd of them at Woburn Abbey.

Bedford served as president of the Cremation Society of Great Britain from 1921 to his death in 1940. He had the original cremator from Woking Crematorium moved and fitted inside a new chapel at Golders Green Crematorium, where he was himself cremated.

Honours[edit]

Herbrand Russell was invested as a Knight of Grace of the Order of St John (K.G.St.J.), as a Fellow of the Society of Arts (F.S.A.) on 14 March 1901, as Knight of the Order of the Garter (KG) on 30 May 1902, as Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in 1919, and as a Fellow of the Royal Society[1] in 1908. He was made an honorary Freeman of Holborn in 1931.

He was made an Honorary Doctor of Law (LL.D.) by Edinburgh University in 1906.

His grandson John Russell, 13th Duke of Bedford describes him as follows: "A selfish, forbidding man, with a highly developed sense of public duty and ducal responsibility, he lived a cold, aloof existence, isolated from the outside world by a mass of servants, sycophants and an eleven-mile wall." In conjunction with his son Hastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford, he developed plans to protect the Bedford fortune from the British tax regime. However, he died too soon for these to come to fruition and the only result was to involve his grandson in enormous difficulties in obtaining access to the family properties.

Herbrand and Hastings Russell feature largely in the 13th Duke's memoir, A Silver-Plated Spoon (World Books, 1959).

According to Jane Goodall in her book Hope for Animals,[2] the Duke was instrumental in saving the milu (or Père David's deer), which was already extinct by 1900 in its native China.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mitchell, P. C. (1941). "Herbrand Arthur Russell, Duke of Bedford. 1858-1940". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 3 (9): 498–426. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1941.0017.  edit
  2. ^ Goodall, Hope for Animals

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jane Goodall, with Thane Maynard and Gail Hudson, Hope for Animals and Their World: How endangered species are being rescued from the brink, 2009, Grand Central Publishing

External links[edit]

Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Strafford
Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex
1898–1926
Succeeded by
The Lord Revelstoke
Peerage of England
Preceded by
William Russell
Duke of Bedford
1893–1940
Succeeded by
Hastings Russell