Hercule-class ship of the line

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the Tage
Model workshop of Brest arsenal for the Tage, circa 1847
Class overview
Name: Hercule
Builders: Toulon, Brest
Operators:  French Navy
Preceded by: Suffren class
Succeeded by: Napoléon class
Algésiras class
Completed: 13
Cancelled: 2
General characteristics
Class & type: Hercule class
Displacement: 4440 tonnes
Length: 62.50 m (205 ft 1 in)
Beam: 16.20 m (53 ft 2 in)
Draught: 8.23 m (27 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: 3,150 m2 (33,900 sq ft) of sails
Complement: 955 men
Armament:
  • 100 guns, including:
  • 32 × long 30-pounders (lower deck)
  • 30 × short 30-pounders (middle deck)
  • 30 × 30-pounder carronades (upper deck)
  • 4 × long 18-pounders (upper deck)
Armour: Timber

The Hercule class was a late type of 100-gun ships of the line of the French Navy. While the first units were classical straight-walled ships of the line, next ones were gradually converted to steam, and the last one was built with an engine.

Design[edit]

The Hercule class evolved as an enlargement of the straight-walled, 90-gun Suffren class, suggested by Jean Tupinier.[1]

With the Henry IV, a rounded stern was introduced. The next ships were built with the rounded stern, and it was retrofitted on the early units of the class.

Units[edit]

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Builder:Cherbourg
Begun:1829
Launched:1848
Completed:1850
Fate: Bombardment at Odessa (1854). Lost in a storm at Eupatoria in the Crimea (14.11.1854)
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  • Ulm, Lys renamed 1830
Builder:Rochefort
Begun:1825
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Fate: Bombardment at Kinburn (1855)
  • Wagram, Bucentaure renamed 1839
Builder:Lorient
Begun:1833
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Fate: Bombardment at Kinburn (1855)
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References[edit]

  1. ^ Roberts, Stephen S. (2011). "Hercule-class sail ship of the line (2nd class, 100 guns)". shipscribe.com. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  • Jean-Michel Roche, Dictionnaire des Bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, tome I