Herdla

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Herdla herad
Former Municipality
Herdla Church
Herdla Church
Herdla herad is located in Hordaland
Herdla herad
Herdla herad
Location in Hordaland county
Coordinates: 60°34′24″N 04°56′51″E / 60.57333°N 4.94750°E / 60.57333; 4.94750Coordinates: 60°34′24″N 04°56′51″E / 60.57333°N 4.94750°E / 60.57333; 4.94750
Country Norway
Region Western Norway
County Hordaland
District Nordhordland
Municipality ID NO-1258
Adm. Center Herdla
Area[1]
 • Total 115 km2 (44 sq mi)
Population (1963)
 • Total 4,991
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
Created from Manger in 1871
Merged into Askøy, Fjell, Meland, Radøy, and Øygarden in 1964

Herdla is a former municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1871 until 1964 and it encompassed a large group of about 2,000 islands and skerries covering about 115-square-kilometre (44 sq mi) of land area, to the northwest of the city of Bergen. The administrative centre of the municipality was the small island-village of Herdla (island). The municipality included the northern third of the island of Holsnøy, the northern third of the island of Askøy, and the islands of Misje, Turøy, Toftøy, Rongøy, Blomøy, Ona, Bognøy, and many smaller surrounding islands.[1]

Aircraft from No. 114 Squadron RAF attacking the German airfield at Herdla in preparation of the Operation Archery landings at Vågsøy.
Herdla Golf Club

Herdla Church (Herdla kirke) dates back to 1863. The stone structure has 600 seats. The original church was demolished in the 19th century because it had too little space for the congregation. During the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, the tower and the roofs were removed because of the belief that the British Royal Air Force used the church to navigate attacks on the west coast of Norway. The church was restored during 1910, 1935 and 1950.

History[edit]

On 1 January 1871, the western island district of the municipality of Manger was separated to form the new municipality of Herlø (an old spelling that was changed to Herdla in 1917). Initially, the municipality had 2,484 residents. On January 1964, the municipality of Herdla was dissolved and its land was split up as follows:[2]

  • the islands of Misje and Turøy (population: 404) became part of Fjell municipality
  • the island of Herdla and all of Herdla on the island of Askøy (population: 1,564) became part of Askøy municipality
  • all of Herdla on the island of Holsnøy (population: 811) became part of Meland municipality
  • all of Herdla located west of the Hjeltefjorden (population: 2,131) became part of Øygarden municipality
  • the island of Bognøy (population: 29) became part of Radøy municipality

References[edit]

External links[edit]