Here, There and Everywhere

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Here, There and Everywhere"
Song by The Beatles from the album Revolver
Released 5 August 1966
Recorded 14 June 1966,
EMI Studios
Genre Soft rock,[1] pop[2]
Length 2:25
Label Parlophone
Writer Lennon–McCartney
Producer George Martin
Revolver track listing

"Here, There and Everywhere" is a song written by Paul McCartney[3][4] (credited to Lennon–McCartney), recorded for the Beatles' 1966 album Revolver. In his biography Many Years From Now, McCartney said the song is one of his favourites.[3] Beatles' producer George Martin has also mentioned it as one of his favourite McCartney songs. John Lennon reportedly told McCartney it was "The best tune on the album" and said in his 1980 Playboy interview it was "one of my favourite songs of the Beatles."[4] It was ranked the 4th greatest song of all time by Mojo in 2000.[5]

Inspired by the Beach Boys' album Pet Sounds, McCartney wrote the song at Lennon's house in Weybridge while waiting for Lennon to wake up.[6] "I sat out by the pool on one of the sun chairs with my guitar and started strumming in E," McCartney recalled. "And soon [I] had a few chords, and I think by the time he'd woken up, I had pretty much written the song, so we took it indoors and finished it up."[6]

Musical structure[edit]

The verse is based on an ascending major chord sequence, while the middle eight, which modulates to the tonic minor, creates a telling contrast. The introduction beginning "To lead a better life" opens in the key of G and involves a I-iii-♭III-ii-V7 chord progression. The ♭III (B♭ chord) on "I need my love to be here" (arpeggiated in the melody line) is a dissonant substitute for the more predictable VI (E7) that would normally lead to the ii (Am) chord.[7]

The verse opens strongly anchored on "Here" in the key of G (with simultaneous I (G chord) and melody G note) and moves equally predictably to a I-ii-iii-IV chord shift (G-Am-Bm-C) through "making each day of the year".[8] This repeats on "Changing my life with a wave"; but immediately after (in bar 5) the song indeed changes on "of her hand". It goes down six semitones from the IV (C chord) to a ii (F#m) [adding a non-G scale C#] then a V7 (B7) chord [adding a non-G scale D#] which briefly modulates towards a new tonic Em. McCartney mostly sings a B note ("of her hand") over both F#m, where it is the eleventh, and the B7, where it is the tonic. When the sequence is repeated ("nobody can"), McCartney sings both B and C natural over the F#m, the C natural producing a tritone. [9]

The harmonic fascination with the bridge segment beginning "I want her everywhere" is that at that point the key centre does go "everywhere". It shifts via an F7 chord (a ♭VII in the old G key and a V7 in the new B♭ key) to a I-vi-ii (B♭-Gm-Cm) chord progression in B♭ key. It then shifts again via a D7 chord (a III7 in the old B♭ key and a V7 in the new Gm key) to Gm key where we go through a i-iv (Gm-Cm chord) progression. Finally the pivot of D7 takes us back to the G major tonic and reinforcing G melody note of "Everywhere."[10]

Rolling Stone has noted, "The tune's chord sequence bears Brian Wilson's influence, ambling through three related keys without ever fully settling into one, and the modulations — particularly the one on the line "changing my life with a wave of her hand" — deftly underscore the lyrics, inspired by McCartney's girlfriend, actress Jane Asher."[6]

Recording[edit]

The song is noted for its bitter-sweet melody, layered backing vocals and utilising a 'clever harmonic scheme'.[1] "Here There and Everywhere" was recorded from 14 to 17 June, a few weeks after a Pet Sounds listening party McCartney was affected by.[11][12] McCartney mentioned in the 1989 radio series McCartney on McCartney that the much-praised vocals were meant to have a "Beach Boys" sound. He has also said he was trying to sing it in the style of Marianne Faithfull.[3] His vocals are multi-tracked.[13]

Personnel[edit]

Personnel per Ian MacDonald[13]

Cover versions[edit]

Noted performers who have covered "Here, There and Everywhere" include Beegie Adair,[14] Clay Aiken, David Benoit, George Benson,[14] Peter Breinholt, Petula Clark, Perry Como, Count Basie Orchestra,[14] Darren Day, John Denver, Céline Dion (for a George Martin/Beatles tribute album),[14], Arik Einstein, Episode Six, Jose Feliciano (instrumental),[14] The Fourmost, Jerry Garcia and Merl Saunders (instrumental),[15] Bobbie Gentry, Stéphane Grappelli,[14] Ofra Harnoy,[14] Emmylou Harris, The Flying Pickets, Jay and the Americans, The Lettermen, Locksley, Kenny Loggins (on Kenny Loggins Alive),[14] Claudine Longet, John McDermott, Carmen McRae,[14] Olivia Ong, Maaya Sakamoto, George Shearing,[14] The Singers Unlimited, Sissel, Göran Söllscher,[14] Marina Verenikina, Jose Mari Chan, and Andy Williams.

Bruce Welch of The Shadows claimed in his autobiography that McCartney offered the tune to Shadow's lead guitarist Hank Marvin prior to the Beatles' recording.[16] Marvin eventually released an instrumental version of the song on his 2007 album Guitar Man.

Cultural references[edit]

In the TV series Friends, this song is played on steel drums when Phoebe Buffay walks down the aisle during her wedding. It was the second time a song written by McCartney was used in a wedding sequence in the series; the first being "My Love" when Chandler and Monica married.

Geoff Emerick, who engineered many of the Beatles' recordings, used the song title in the title of his own 2006 memoir, Here, There, and Everywhere: My Life Recording the Music of The Beatles.

Gary Sparrow sings this song on the piano in an episode of Goodnight Sweetheart.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pollack 1994.
  2. ^ Moorefield 2005.
  3. ^ a b c Miles 1997, pp. 285-286.
  4. ^ a b Sheff 2000, p. 179.
  5. ^ "Mojo lists". Rocklistmusic. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c "25 -- 'Here, There and Everywhere'". 100 Greatest Beatles Songs. Rolling Stone. 
  7. ^ Pedler 2003, pp. 449-450.
  8. ^ Pedler 2003, pp. 80-81.
  9. ^ Pedler 2003, pp. 81-82.
  10. ^ Pedler 2003, p. 356.
  11. ^ Ames Carlin, Peter (2006). Catch a Wave. United States: Rodale, Inc. p. 88. ISBN 9781594867491. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  12. ^ Fletcher, Tony (2000). Dear Boy. United States: Omnibus Press. ISBN 9781844498079. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  13. ^ a b MacDonald 2005, p. 210.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Cover Together 2009.
  15. ^ "Jerry Garcia and Merl Saunders - Saturday, May 5, 1973". The Jerry Site. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  16. ^ Welch 1989.

References[edit]

External links[edit]