Heredia, Costa Rica

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Heredia
City
Panoramic view
Panoramic view
Flag of Heredia
Flag
Coat of arms of Heredia
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Ciudad de las Flores  (Spanish)
" City of Flowers "
Motto: Libertad, Paz, y Progreso
Location of Heredia
Heredia is located in Costa Rica
Heredia
Heredia
Location in Costa Rica
Coordinates: 9°59′47″N 84°7′0″W / 9.99639°N 84.11667°W / 9.99639; -84.11667Coordinates: 9°59′47″N 84°7′0″W / 9.99639°N 84.11667°W / 9.99639; -84.11667
Country Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica
Province Heredia Province
Canton Heredia Canton
Founded 1705
Districts
Government
 • Mayor José Manuel Ulate Avendaño (PLN)
 • Municipal Council President Manuel de Jesús Zumbado Araya
Elevation 1,150 m (3,770 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 123,616
Website http://www.heredia.go.cr/

Heredia (Spanish pronunciation: [eˈɾeðja]) is a city in the Heredia province of Costa Rica, of which it is the capital; it is 10 kilometers to the north of the country's capital, San José.

The city is home to one of the largest colleges in Costa Rica, the National University of Costa Rica, which accepts many international students.

History[edit]

Cultural centre "Escuela República de Argentina"

Prior to its founding, the area around Heredia was inhabited by the native tribe that is known as the Huetares, who were commanded at the coming of the Spanish by the Cacique Garabito. In 1706 settlers from Cartago, set up a small church at a place they called "Alvirilla", which soon became more populated. Between 1716 and 1717 the settlers moved their village to the north, to a place the Indians called Cubujuquí. In 1736 Heredia was deemed sufficiently large to be granted its own parish, and the first incarnation of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada was built to serve as its parish church. In 1751, the Bishop of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, Monseñor Pedro Agustín Morel de Santa Cruz supervised the founding of the first school in Heredia, which was run by the church. This school is now known as the Liceo de Heredia. In 1763 the town was promoted to the status of Villa; it was later renamed Heredia in honor of the President of the Audiencia de Guatemala who had conferred the status, don Alonso Fernández de Heredia. During the 18th century the area around Heredia was developed, with the founding Barva and other towns. On October 31, 1796, Padre Felix de Alvarado laid the foundation stone for the rebuilding of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada. The Municipality of Heredia was founded on 19 May 1812, and in 1824, Heredia was promoted to city by Juan Rafael Mora, the first President of the Republic. The 1848 constitution made Heredia the capital of Heredia Province, promoted it to cantón, and assigned it seven parishes.[1]

For a brief period in the 1830s, Heredia served as the capital of Costa Rica.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

Heredia is located north of San José and is part of its metropolitan area.

Climate[edit]

Warm year-round, the temperatures are tempered by the amount of cloud cover that affects the area. The rains are spread throughout the year, but the rainiest period is May to October. The climate is relatively mild throughout the year.


Climate data for Heredia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
25.1
(77.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
25.8
(78.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.8
(76.6)
24.8
(76.6)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
24
(75)
25.08
(77.12)
Average low °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
14.6
(58.3)
14.6
(58.3)
15
(59)
15.7
(60.3)
15.5
(59.9)
15.7
(60.3)
15.4
(59.7)
15
(59)
15.1
(59.2)
15.5
(59.9)
15.4
(59.7)
15.18
(59.33)
Precipitation mm (inches) 20.4
(0.803)
21.7
(0.854)
47.8
(1.882)
110.1
(4.335)
333.1
(13.114)
327.8
(12.906)
199.5
(7.854)
241.6
(9.512)
410.8
(16.173)
424.6
(16.717)
182.4
(7.181)
54.5
(2.146)
2,374.3
(93.477)
Source: National Meteorologic Institute of Costa Rica[2]

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipal Website
  2. ^ "Instituto Metereológico Nacional" (in Spanish). Retrieved November 4, 2007. 
  3. ^ "City of Richfield, MN website". 
  4. ^ Lic. Carlos Melendez Ch. The book "Añoranzas de Heredia"

External links[edit]

Media related to Heredia at Wikimedia Commons