Hereditary officers of the Roman Curia
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The Roman Court or Papal Curia was reformed by the Bull Pontificalis Domus of 1969. This abolished the role of the old Roman nobility at the Papal Court with the exception of the position of Prince Assistant to the Papal Throne. These titles (such as the Grand Master of the Sacred Apostolic Hospice, Marshal of the Holy Roman Church and the Sacred Conclave, etc.) are now purely honorary (though still hereditary).
This position had been shared jointly by the Princes Orsini and Colonna, but the former was deprived by Pius XII after obtaining a divorce and the title was conferred upon Prince Torlonia, Prince of Fucino, Canino and Musignano of the Torlonia Family.
The Prince Assistants are representatives of the Roman nobility, who serve at the feet of the Throne immediately next to the Cardinal Deacon who stands to the right of the Pope. They alternate office during their lifetimes and no-one can substitute for them.
Their principal function is to serve on the occasion of official visits by a Head of state.
The reforms of 1969 also changed the names and abolished the differing categories of Secret Chamberlains of the Cape and Sword to Gentlemen of His Holiness. Other offices were abolished altogether, but office holders were reassigned.
- Prince Assistants to the Papal Throne (hereditary):
- Marshal of the Holy Roman Church and the Sacred Conclave (non-hereditary):
- Prince Don Sigismondo Chigi-Albani della Rovere, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Prince of Farnese, Campagnano, and Soriano, Duke of Ariccia and Formello
- Grand Master of the Sacred Apostolic Hospice (hereditary):
- Hereditary Quartermaster General of the Sacred Apostolic Palace (hereditary):
- Marquess Giulio Sacchetti, Marques of Castel Romano (highest ranking laymen in the Vatican service as Delegate of the State of the City of the Vatican)
- Cavallerizzo Maggiore (Superintendent of the stables of the Palaces) (hereditary):
- Superintendent of the Posts (hereditary):
- Keeper of the Golden Rose (destined for members of royal houses) (non-hereditary)
- Captain Commander of the Noble Guard (not hereditary, but always a Roman prince with the rank of Lieutenant General):
- last holders included Princes Altieri, Aldobrandini, Barberini, Rospigliosi).
- Standard Bearer of the Holy Roman Church (hereditary, with the rank of Lieutenant-General)
- Commandant of the Palatine Guard (non-hereditary)
- Captain Commander of the Swiss Guard (not hereditary, but always a Swiss man):