Hereford, Texas

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Hereford, Texas
City
Hereford welcome sign on U.S. Highway 385; click to read.
Hereford welcome sign on U.S. Highway 385; click to read.
Motto: Beef Capital of the World, The Town Without A Toothache
Location of Hereford, Texas
Location of Hereford, Texas
Deaf Smith County Hereford.svg
Coordinates: 34°49′19″N 102°23′55″W / 34.82194°N 102.39861°W / 34.82194; -102.39861Coordinates: 34°49′19″N 102°23′55″W / 34.82194°N 102.39861°W / 34.82194; -102.39861
Country United States
State Texas
County Deaf Smith
Area
 • Total 5.6 sq mi (14.5 km2)
 • Land 5.6 sq mi (14.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 3,816 ft (1,163 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 14,597
 • Density 2,600.8/sq mi (1,004.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 79045
Area code(s) 806
FIPS code 48-33320 [1]
GNIS feature ID 1359066 [2]
Website www.hereford-tx.gov

Hereford (/ˈhɜrfərd/ HUR-furd[3]) is a city in and county seat of Deaf Smith County, Texas, United States. The population was 15,370 at the 2010 census. It is the only incorporated locality named "Hereford" in the country.[4]

Hereford's local water supply contains an unusually high level of naturally occurring fluorine. Because fluoride is used to protect against tooth decay, Hereford earned the title "The Town Without a Toothache".

It is also known as the "Beef Capital of the World" because of the large number of cattle fed in the area. The city is named for the Hereford breed. The local economy is affected significantly by growth in the dairy and ethanol industries.

The area is known for its semiarid climate with heavy farming and ranching throughout the area sustained by irrigation from the Ogallala Aquifer and the saltier Santa Rosa Aquifer beneath it.

Hereford is home to the headquarters of the Deaf Smith Electric Cooperative, which serves Deaf Smith, Castro, Parmer, and Oldham Counties.[5]

A rich Western heritage includes the Las Escarbadas ranch house of the XIT Ranch located southwest of Hereford in Deaf Smith County. The restored historic structure can now be seen at the National Ranching Heritage Center at Texas Tech University. The Deaf Smith County Historical Museum at 400 Sampson Street in Hereford offers indoor and outdoor exhibits on the settlement of West Texas.

History[edit]

During the Second World War there was an internment camp, dismantled in 1947, for prisoners of the Italian army.

Geography[edit]

Hereford is located at 34°49′19″N 102°23′55″W / 34.82194°N 102.39861°W / 34.82194; -102.39861 (34.821961, -102.398617).[6] and is located on the Llano Estacado. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.6 square miles (15 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

Hereford's climate is classified as a steppe climate (BSk) using the 2006 map of Köppen climate classification, meaning it is semi-arid.[7] Hereford was named as the 'coolest' city in Texas with an average summer temperature of 73 degrees. [8]

Climate data for Hereford, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
83
(28)
98
(37)
98
(37)
103
(39)
111
(44)
107
(42)
105
(41)
102
(39)
97
(36)
87
(31)
80
(27)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 49.8
(9.9)
55.1
(12.8)
63.6
(17.6)
72.0
(22.2)
80.2
(26.8)
88.9
(31.6)
91.6
(33.1)
89.3
(31.8)
82.6
(28.1)
72.9
(22.7)
59.7
(15.4)
50.6
(10.3)
71.4
(21.9)
Average low °F (°C) 21.1
(−6.1)
24.6
(−4.1)
30.9
(−0.6)
39.4
(4.1)
49.7
(9.8)
59.1
(15.1)
63.5
(17.5)
61.2
(16.2)
54.3
(12.4)
42.5
(5.8)
30.1
(−1.1)
22.6
(−5.2)
41.7
(5.4)
Record low °F (°C) −15
(−26)
−17
(−27)
1
(−17)
14
(−10)
16
(−9)
40
(4)
51
(11)
40
(4)
31
(−1)
15
(−9)
0
(−18)
−12
(−24)
−17
(−27)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.50
(12.7)
0.50
(12.7)
0.98
(24.9)
1.02
(25.9)
2.12
(53.8)
2.90
(73.7)
2.06
(52.3)
3.22
(81.8)
2.25
(57.2)
1.59
(40.4)
0.77
(19.6)
0.74
(18.8)
18.65
(473.7)
Snowfall inches (cm) 4.8
(12.2)
3.0
(7.6)
1.5
(3.8)
0.8
(2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
1.7
(4.3)
4.8
(12.2)
16.9
(42.9)
Avg. precipitation days 3.0 3.4 4.2 4.7 6.8 7.4 6.4 7.7 6.0 4.7 3.5 3.8 61.6
Avg. snowy days 1.9 1.6 0.8 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.8 2.0 7.6
Source #1: The Weather Channel [9]
Source #2: NOAA [10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 532
1910 1,750 228.9%
1920 1,696 −3.1%
1930 2,458 44.9%
1940 2,584 5.1%
1950 5,207 101.5%
1960 6,752 29.7%
1970 13,414 98.7%
1980 15,853 18.2%
1990 14,745 −7.0%
2000 14,597 −1.0%
2010 15,370 5.3%

As of the census[1] of 2000, 14,597 people, 4,839 households, and 3,730 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,600.8 people per square mile (1,004.6/km²). There were 5,323 housing units at an average density of 948.4 per square mile (366.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.86% White, 1.76% African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 24.77% from other races, and 2.41% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 61.37% of the population.

Of the 4,839 households, 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were not families. About 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the city, the population was distributed as 34.0% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,599, and for a family was $33,387. Males had a median income of $26,488 versus $18,920 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,787. About 19.4% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The first public school was opened in 1900.[11] Today, Hereford's seven public schools serve around 4,000 students and are directed by the Hereford Independent School District.[12]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]