Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service
The Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service (HCRS) was an agency within the United States Department of the Interior which subsumed its functions from the National Park Service and Bureau of Outdoor Recreation. It was created by the Carter administration in 1977. Under the Reagan administration the National Park Service absorbed the HCRS in 1981.
During its brief tenure, Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service was consistently short of money and other resources and was never granted a leading role that its proponents advocated. During this agency's existence, however, a remarkable number of publications and research on historic preservation issues were completed. To date[when?], this level of productivity has not been matched by the National Park Service.[original research?][opinion]
Within the HCRS was a "Policy on Disposition of Human Remains" that was a standard for other federal agencies that were also interested in studying the bones.
The policy was an early attempt at relieving tensions between Native Americans and the U.S. government. The HCRS called for the reburial of all remains that were in deliberate burials whose direct relation to modern relatives could be proven. Before the reburial, however, the U.S. government was permitted to study and document the remains.
- National Park Service. "National Park Service History Collection RG 37". Retrieved September 2, 2008.
- Pauketat, Timothy R. North American Archaeology 2005. Blackwell Publishing
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