Heritage Hill State Historical Park

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Coordinates: 44°28′26″N 88°1′59″W / 44.47389°N 88.03306°W / 44.47389; -88.03306
Heritage Hill State Historical Park
Wisconsin State Park
HeritageHillStateParkSign.jpg
Park sign
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Brown
Location Allouez, Wisconsin
 - coordinates 44°28′26″N 88°1′59″W / 44.47389°N 88.03306°W / 44.47389; -88.03306
Area 48 acres (19 ha)
Founded 1972
Management Heritage Hill Foundation
IUCN category V - Protected Landscape/Seascape
Website: Heritage Hill State Historical Park

Heritage Hill State Historical Park, also called Heritage Hill State Park, is a 48-acre (19 ha) open air museum in Allouez near Green Bay, Wisconsin, United States. A Wisconsin state park, the site is operated by a non-profit organization called the Heritage Hill Foundation in partnership with the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR). The Heritage Hill Corporation operates, maintains and develops the park under terms of a lease with the DNR.

The site contains more than 30 historical structures, mostly endangered historic buildings moved from other locations plus a few modern reconstructions. The structures include log cabins from the fur trade era, buildings from Fort Howard, and stores and public buildings from the late 19th century.

Live historic interpreters, wearing period style clothing, populate the park during summer operations.

History[edit]

Previously the property was used as a prison farm with orchards tended by prison labor. Construction of a new bridge across the Fox River cut off the farm from the prison and the land fell under the jurisdiction of the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. In 1972 the DNR Natural Resources Board approved the establishment of a historical park. In a meeting held at Cotton House on July 18, 1972 the name Heritage Hill State Historical Park was chosen for the new historic site. At the same time a proposed development plan and an opening date of May 1, 1977 was selected.[1] Over the next 20 years more than 25 buildings and 15 acres of land were added to the park. Preservation of the buildings and its artifacts and the interpretation of the history of Northeastern Wisconsin and its people remains a primary objective.

Collections[edit]

Heritage Hill has more than 6,600 artifacts in its collection mostly displayed in the buildings. Some of this collection is on loan from the Green Bay-De Pere Antiquarians, Brown County Historical Society, and Wisconsin Historical Society. The collection includes original artwork, books, clothing and furnishings dating from the 17th century to present. One unique piece in displayed in the Tank Cottage is a hand painted screen that the Tank family brought with them when they moved to Wisconsin in the late 1600's. Heritage Hall, located in the Education Center features rotating displays of items not able to be shown in buildings.

Education Center[edit]

In 2006 the new Betsy Hendrickson and Lucyanna Hitch Education Center was constructed. The center allows year round use for education programs as well as business meetings, receptions, and parties. Education programs draw about 18,000 students per year. Students acquire a first hand look at how their early relatives worked and played. The programs meet benchmarks and standards in history and social studies.

List of structures[edit]

Six of the site's structures are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The park's Belgian Farmstead and Moravian church were listed on the National Register but were delisted upon being relocated. Seven other buildings in the park collection are modern replicas constructed on-site.

Structure name and location Image Original location Original build date Moved to park Construction/style/notes
Allouez Town Hall
44°28′33″N 88°02′05″W / 44.475789°N 88.034823°W / 44.475789; -88.034823 (Allouez Town Hall)
HeritageHillTownHall.jpg 2143 South Webster, Allouez 1912 1977 Wood framed with gable roof[2]
Baird Law Office
44°28′32″N 88°02′04″W / 44.475627°N 88.034484°W / 44.475627; -88.034484 (Baird Law Office)
BairdLawOfficeHeritageHill.jpg Main and Monroe
Green Bay
1835 1975 Greek Revival[3]
Listed on the NRHP in 1970 (#70000025)
Bark Chapel
44°28′29″N 88°02′18″W / 44.474768°N 88.038225°W / 44.474768; -88.038225 (Bark Chapel)
Bark Chapel at Heritage Hill State Historic Park.jpg Constructed on site 1981 N/A Sapling framework with bark covering, replica of the first church in Wisconsin which was about 1 mile south of its location[4]
Belgian Farmstead Farmhouse
44°28′24″N 88°01′58″W / 44.473360°N 88.032772°W / 44.473360; -88.032772 (Farmhouse)
Massart Farmstead House June 2014 Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Rosiere 1872 1984 Log with brick veneer[5] Listed on the NRHP as the Massart Farmstead (#80000143) but was removed in 1984.
Belgian Farmstead Dairy Barn
44°28′23″N 88°01′59″W / 44.473165°N 88.033144°W / 44.473165; -88.033144 (Dairy Barn)
Rosiere 1900 1984 Log/astylistic utilitarian[6]
Belgian Farmstead Horse Barn
44°28′24″N 88°01′57″W / 44.473246°N 88.032473°W / 44.473246; -88.032473 (Horse Barn)
Belgian Farmstead Horse Barn Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Rosiere 1900 1984 Log/astylistic utilitarian[7]
Belgian Farmstead chicken coop
44°28′23″N 88°01′57″W / 44.473085°N 88.032492°W / 44.473085; -88.032492 (chicken coop)
Rosiere 1872 1984 Log/astylistic utilitarian[8]
Belgian Farmstead pig house
44°28′23″N 88°01′59″W / 44.473035°N 88.033194°W / 44.473035; -88.033194 (pig house)
Rosiere 1872 1984 Log/astylistic utilitarian[9]
Belgian Farmstead outhouse
44°28′24″N 88°01′59″W / 44.473329°N 88.033078°W / 44.473329; -88.033078 (outhouse)
Belgian Farmstead outhouse at Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Rosiere 1872 1984 Astylistic utilitarian[10]
Belgian Farmstead summer kitchen
44°28′24″N 88°01′59″W / 44.473355°N 88.033008°W / 44.473355; -88.033008 (summer kitchen)
Belgian Farm Summer Kitchen at Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Rosiere 1902 1984 Cut stone[11]
Belgian Farmstead Roadside Chapel
44°28′25″N 88°01′57″W / 44.473507°N 88.032392°W / 44.473507; -88.032392 (Roadside Chapel)
Belgian Farmstead Roadside Chapel at Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Duvall 1871 1983 Wood frame[12]
Belgian Farmstead windmill
44°28′24″N 88°01′59″W / 44.473244°N 88.033063°W / 44.473244; -88.033063 (windmill)
Belgian Farmstead Windmill Dec 2010 Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Duvall 1871 1983 Metal[13]
Blacksmith Shop
44°28′32″N 88°02′04″W / 44.475521°N 88.034400°W / 44.475521; -88.034400 (Blacksmith Shop)
Blacksmith Shop at Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Danz and University
Green Bay
1850 1976 Wood frame[14]
Cheese Factory
44°28′25″N 88°01′58″W / 44.473673°N 88.032846°W / 44.473673; -88.032846 (Cheese Factory)
Cheese Factory Heritage Hill State Historic Park.jpg Slovan[15] 1894 1994 Wood framed
Cotton House
44°28′25″N 88°01′49″W / 44.473730°N 88.030345°W / 44.473730; -88.030345 (Cotton House)
CottonHouseHeritageHill.jpg Beaupre and Webster
Green Bay
1845 1938 Timber frame/Greek Revival[16]
Listed on the NRHP in 1970 (#70000026)
Court House
44°28′34″N 88°02′14″W / 44.476039°N 88.037164°W / 44.476039; -88.037164 (Court House)
Courthouse at Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Door County before 1814 1976 Full log with dovetail joints
Court House Monument
44°28′33″N 88°02′15″W / 44.475722°N 88.037461°W / 44.475722; -88.037461 (Court House Monument)
Wisconsins First Courthouse marker at Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg At current location 1934 Stone and Mortar
This monument marks the site of the first court house in 1825
Fort Howard Guard Building
44°28′26″N 88°02′03″W / 44.473936°N 88.034135°W / 44.473936; -88.034135 (Guard Building)
Guard House from Fort Howard during 2014 construction at Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Kellogg and Chestnut
Green Bay
1833[note 1] 2014 Half of this structure is a restoration of the original guard building from the fort and half is a replica. The reconstruction in 2014 at the park was done in conjunction with renovations to the Commanding Officer's Quarters.[17]
Fort Howard Hospital
44°28′27″N 88°02′04″W / 44.474241°N 88.034359°W / 44.474241; -88.034359 (Hospital)
Fort Howard Hospital Restorations June 2014.jpg Kellogg and Chestnut
Green Bay
1835 1975 Timber frame w/ clapboards/Federal[18]
Listed on the NRHP in 1979 (#71001075)
Hospital was originally constructed as an addition to the Ward Building but they were split when they were moved in the 1930s. The reconstruction in 1975 at the park recombined the buildings.
Fort Howard Ward Building
44°28′27″N 88°02′03″W / 44.474170°N 88.034197°W / 44.474170; -88.034197 (Ward Building)
FortHowardHospitalWardHeritageHill.jpg Kellogg and Chestnut
Green Bay
1816 1975 Timber frame w/ clapboards/Federal[19]
Listed on the NRHP in 1979 (#72001547)
Fort Howard Post School
44°28′28″N 88°02′02″W / 44.474337°N 88.033840°W / 44.474337; -88.033840 (Post School)
Fort Howard Post School June 2014 Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Constructed on site 1982 N/A Federal
Fort Howard Company
Kitchen/Orderly Room
44°28′27″N 88°02′01″W / 44.474252°N 88.033650°W / 44.474252; -88.033650 (Kitchen)
Fort Howard Company Kitchen and Orderly Room Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Kellogg and Chestnut
Green Bay
1816 1975 Federal - timber frame[20]
Listed on the NRHP in 1979 (#72001548)
This structure is listed on the NRHP as Fort Howard Officer’s Quarters. The park currently interprets this building as the Kitchen/Orderly room.[21]
Fort Howard Officer's Quarters
44°28′26″N 88°02′01″W / 44.473917°N 88.033696°W / 44.473917; -88.033696 (Fort Howard Officer's Quarters)
Fort Howard Officers Quarters June 2014 at Heritage Hill State Historic Park.jpg Constructed on site 1982 N/A Federal[22]
Franklin Hose Company
44°28′30″N 88°02′02″W / 44.474882°N 88.033840°W / 44.474882; -88.033840 (Franklin Hose Company)
Franklin Hose Company at Heritage Hill State Historic Park.jpg Main and Irwin
Green Bay
1870 1975 Wood frame[23]
Fur Trader's Cabin
44°28′31″N 88°02′17″W / 44.475220°N 88.038091°W / 44.475220; -88.038091 (Fur Trader's Cabin)
Fur Trade Cabin Heritage Hill State Park.jpg 739 Adams St
Green Bay
1810 1975 Pièce-sur-pièce à coulisse[24]
Maple Sugaring House
44°28′32″N 88°02′15″W / 44.475621°N 88.037581°W / 44.475621; -88.037581 (Maple Sugaring House)
Maple Sugaring House Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Constructed on site 1981 N/A Log
Moravian Church
44°28′29″N 88°01′56″W / 44.474732°N 88.032199°W / 44.474732; -88.032199 (Moravian Church)
East Moravian Church June 2014 at Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Moravian St
Green Bay
1842 1980 Timber framed Gothic Revival[25]
Listed on the NRHP in 1983 as the East Moravian Church (#72001588) but later delisted, date unknown.
Print Shop
44°28′32″N 88°02′03″W / 44.475458°N 88.034302°W / 44.475458; -88.034302 (Print Shop)
HeritageHillPrintShop.jpg Constructed
on site
1976 N/A Wood framed
Tank Cottage
44°28′32″N 88°02′09″W / 44.475549°N 88.035927°W / 44.475549; -88.035927 (Tank Cottage)
Tank Cottage Heritage Hill June 2014.jpg On Fox River at 8th Street
Green Bay
1776 1976 Pièce-sur-pièce à coulisse[26]
Listed on the NRHP in 1970 (#70000028). This building is the oldest standing house in Wisconsin[27]
Tank barn
44°28′32″N 88°02′08″W / 44.475621°N 88.035521°W / 44.475621; -88.035521 (Tank barn)
Constructed on site N/A
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
44°28′25″N 88°01′51″W / 44.473606°N 88.030844°W / 44.473606; -88.030844 (Tomb of the Unknown Soldier)
At current location 1938 N/A Dry-stacked limestone
Victorian Bandstand
44°28′31″N 88°02′05″W / 44.475200°N 88.034720°W / 44.475200; -88.034720 (Bandstand)
Gazebo at Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg Constructed on site 1982 N/A Victorian
YMCA Library
44°28′31″N 88°02′03″W / 44.475380°N 88.034056°W / 44.475380; -88.034056 (YMCA Library)
Library at Heritage Hill State Historical Park.jpg 810 Chestnut St
Green Bay
1872 1977 Wood framed w/ brick veneer/Greek Revival[28]
Visitors center
44°28′24″N 88°01′53″W / 44.473465°N 88.031448°W / 44.473465; -88.031448 (Visitors center)
Heritage Hill State Park Visitor Center.jpg Constructed on site N/A
Maintenance/restoration building
44°28′30″N 88°01′58″W / 44.475031°N 88.032816°W / 44.475031; -88.032816 (Maintenance)
Constructed on site N/A

See also[edit]

National Register of Historic Places listings in Brown County, Wisconsin

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of the Park". Heritage Hill State Historical Park. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "ALLOUEZ TOWN HALL". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "BAIRD LAW OFFICE". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  4. ^ plaque in chapel
  5. ^ "Massart Farmstead". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Dairy Barn". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Horsebarn". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Chicken Coop". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Pig House". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Outhouse". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Kitchen". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Roadside Chapel". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "Windmill". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "DEWITT BLACKSMITH SHOP". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  15. ^ Display sign at building, "Originally constructed in 1894, this cheese factory was located in Kewaunee County near Slovan."
  16. ^ "Captain John Winslow Cotton House". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "Fort Howard Guard House Campaign". Heritage Hill State Historical Park. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Fort Howard Hospital". National Register or State Register. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  19. ^ "Fort Howard Ward Building". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "Fort Howard Officers' Quarters". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "Company Kitchen/Orderly Room". Heritage Hill Foundation. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  22. ^ "Fort Howard Officer’s Quarters". Heritage Hill Foundation. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  23. ^ "FRANKLIN FIRE HOUSE #2624". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  24. ^ "Fur Traders Cabin". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  25. ^ "East Side Moravian Church". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  26. ^ "Tank Cottage". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  27. ^ "Wisconsin's Logging Camps Attract Turists". Chicago Tribune. August 4, 1963. p. Section 6, p2. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  28. ^ "YMCA". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ From letter from Engle to Quartermaster Jesup dated Sept 30, 1833

External links[edit]