Heritage Hill State Historical Park

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Coordinates: 44°28′26″N 88°1′59″W / 44.47389°N 88.03306°W / 44.47389; -88.03306
Heritage Hill State Historical Park
Wisconsin State Park
HeritageHillStateParkHeadquarters.jpg
Park headquarters
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Brown
Location Allouez, Wisconsin
 - coordinates 44°28′26″N 88°1′59″W / 44.47389°N 88.03306°W / 44.47389; -88.03306
Area 48 acres (19 ha)
Founded 1972
Management Heritage Hill Foundation
IUCN category V - Protected Landscape/Seascape
Website: Heritage Hill State Historical Park

Heritage Hill State Historical Park, also called Heritage Hill State Park, is a 48-acre (19 ha) open air museum in Allouez near Green Bay, Wisconsin, United States. A Wisconsin state park, the site is operated by a non-profit organization called the Heritage Hill Foundation in partnership with the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR). The Heritage Hill Corporation operates, maintains and develops the park under terms of a lease with the DNR.

The site contains more than 30 historical structures, mostly endangered historic buildings moved from other locations plus a few modern reconstructions. The structures include log cabins from the fur trade era, buildings from Fort Howard, and stores and public buildings from the late 19th century.

Live historic interpreters, wearing period style clothing, populate the park during summer operations.

History[edit]

Previously the property was used as a prison farm with orchards tended by prison labor. Construction of a new bridge across the Fox River cut off the farm from the prison and the land fell under the jurisdiction of the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. In 1972 the DNR Natural Resources Board approved the establishment of a historical park. In a meeting held at Cotton House on July 18, 1972 the name Heritage Hill State Historical Park was chosen for the new historic site. At the same time a proposed development plan and an opening date of May 1, 1977 was selected.[1] Over the next 20 years more than 25 buildings and 15 acres of land were added to the park. Preservation of the buildings and its artifacts and the interpretation of the history of Northeastern Wisconsin and its people remains a primary objective.

Collections[edit]

Heritage Hill has more than 6,600 artifacts in its collection mostly displayed in the buildings. Some of this collection is on loan from the Green Bay-De Pere Antiquarians, Brown County Historical Society, and Wisconsin Historical Society. The collection includes original artwork, books, clothing and furnishings dating from the 17th century to present. One unique piece in displayed in the Tank Cottage is a hand painted screen that the Tank family brought with them when they moved to Wisconsin in the late 1600's. Heritage Hall, located in the Education Center features rotating displays of items not able to be shown in buildings.

Education Center[edit]

In 2006 the new Betsy Hendrickson and Lucyanna Hitch Education Center was constructed. The center allows year round use for education programs as well as business meetings, receptions, and parties. Education programs draw about 18,000 students per year. Students acquire a first hand look at how their early relatives worked and played. The programs meet benchmarks and standards in history and social studies.

List of structures[edit]

Six of the site's structures are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The park's Belgian Farmstead and Moravian church were listed on the National Register but were delisted upon being relocated. Seven other buildings in the park collection are modern replicas constructed on-site.

Structure name and location Image Original location Original build date Moved to park Construction/style/notes
Allouez Town Hall
44°28′33″N 88°02′05″W / 44.475789°N 88.034823°W / 44.475789; -88.034823
HeritageHillTownHall.jpg 2143 South Webster, Allouez 1912 1977 Wood framed with gable roof[2]
Baird Law Office
44°28′35″N 88°02′04″W / 44.476527°N 88.034484°W / 44.476527; -88.034484
BairdLawOfficeHeritageHill.jpg Main and Monroe
Green Bay
1835 1975 Greek Revival[3]
Listed on the NRHP in 1970 (#70000025)
Bark Chapel
44°28′29″N 88°02′18″W / 44.474768°N 88.038225°W / 44.474768; -88.038225
Constructed on site 1981 N/A Sapling framework with bark covering
Belgian Farmstead Farmhouse
44°28′24″N 88°01′58″W / 44.473360°N 88.032772°W / 44.473360; -88.032772
Massart Farmstead Heritage Hill.jpg Rosiere 1872 1984 Log with brick veneer[4]Listed on the NRHP as (#80000143) but has been removed
Belgian Farmstead Dairy Barn
44°28′23″N 88°01′59″W / 44.473165°N 88.033144°W / 44.473165; -88.033144
Rosiere 1900 1984 Log/astylistic utilitarian[5]
Belgian Farmstead Horse Barn
44°28′24″N 88°01′57″W / 44.473246°N 88.032473°W / 44.473246; -88.032473
Rosiere 1900 1984 Log/astylistic utilitarian[6]
Belgian Farmstead chicken coop
44°28′23″N 88°01′57″W / 44.473085°N 88.032492°W / 44.473085; -88.032492
Rosiere 1872 1984 Log/astylistic utilitarian[7]
Belgian Farmstead pig house
44°28′23″N 88°01′59″W / 44.473035°N 88.033194°W / 44.473035; -88.033194
Rosiere 1872 1984 Log/astylistic utilitarian[8]
Belgian Farmstead outhouse
44°28′24″N 88°01′59″W / 44.473329°N 88.033078°W / 44.473329; -88.033078
Rosiere 1872 1984 Astylistic utilitarian[9]
Belgian Farmstead summer kitchen
44°28′24″N 88°01′59″W / 44.473355°N 88.033008°W / 44.473355; -88.033008
Rosiere 1902 1984 Cut stone[10]
Belgian Farmstead Roadside Chapel
44°28′25″N 88°01′57″W / 44.473507°N 88.032392°W / 44.473507; -88.032392
Duvall 1871 1983 Wood frame[11]
Belgian Farmstead windmill
44°28′24″N 88°01′59″W / 44.473244°N 88.033063°W / 44.473244; -88.033063
Duvall 1871 1983 Metal[12]
Blacksmith Shop
44°28′32″N 88°02′04″W / 44.475521°N 88.034400°W / 44.475521; -88.034400
HeritageHillBlacksmithShop.jpg Danz and University
Green Bay
1850 1976 Wood frame[13]
Cheese Factory
44°28′25″N 88°01′58″W / 44.473673°N 88.032846°W / 44.473673; -88.032846
Slovan 1894 1994 Wood framed
Cotton House
44°28′25″N 88°01′49″W / 44.473730°N 88.030345°W / 44.473730; -88.030345
CottonHouseHeritageHill.jpg Beaupre and Webster
Green Bay
1845 1938 Timber frame/Greek Revival[14]
Listed on the NRHP in 1970 (#70000026)
Court House
44°28′34″N 88°02′14″W / 44.476039°N 88.037164°W / 44.476039; -88.037164
Door County before 1824 1976 Full log with dovetail joints
Court House Monument
44°28′33″N 88°02′15″W / 44.475722°N 88.037461°W / 44.475722; -88.037461
At current location 1934 Stone and Mortar
This monument marks the site of the first court house in 1825
Fort Howard Hospital
44°28′27″N 88°02′04″W / 44.474241°N 88.034359°W / 44.474241; -88.034359
FortHowardHospitalHeritageHill.jpg Kellogg and Chestnut
Green Bay
1835 1975 Timber frame w/ clapboards/Federal[15]
Listed on the NRHP in 1979 (#71001075)
Hospital was orginally contructed as an addition to the Ward Building but they were split when they were moved in the 1930s. The reconstruction in 1975 at the park recombined the buildings.
Fort Howard Ward Building
44°28′27″N 88°02′03″W / 44.474170°N 88.034197°W / 44.474170; -88.034197
Fort Howard Hospital Restorations June 2014.jpg Kellogg and Chestnut
Green Bay
1816 1975 Timber frame w/ clapboards/Federal[16]
Listed on the NRHP in 1979 (#72001547)
Fort Howard Post School
44°28′28″N 88°02′02″W / 44.474337°N 88.033840°W / 44.474337; -88.033840
FortHowardSchoolHeritageHill.jpg Constructed on site 1982 N/A Federal
Fort Howard Company
Kitchen/Orderly Room
44°28′27″N 88°02′01″W / 44.474252°N 88.033650°W / 44.474252; -88.033650
FortHowardCompanyKitchenHeritageHill.jpg Kellogg and Chestnut
Green Bay
1816 1975 Federal - timber frame[17]
Listed on the NRHP in 1979 (#72001548)
This structure is listed on the NRHP as Fort Howard Officer’s Quarters. The park currently interprets this building as the Kitchen/Orderly room.[18]
Fort Howard Officer's Quarters
44°28′27″N 88°02′01″W / 44.474257°N 88.033661°W / 44.474257; -88.033661
FortHowardOfficersQuartersWestHeritageHill.jpg Constructed on site 1982 N/A Federal[19]
Franklin Hose Company
44°28′30″N 88°02′02″W / 44.474882°N 88.033840°W / 44.474882; -88.033840
Main and Irwin
Green Bay
1870 1975 Wood frame[20]
Fur Trader's Cabin
44°28′31″N 88°02′17″W / 44.475220°N 88.038091°W / 44.475220; -88.038091
739 Adams St
Green Bay
1810 1975 Pièce-sur-pièce à coulisse[21]
Maple Sugaring House
44°28′32″N 88°02′15″W / 44.475621°N 88.037581°W / 44.475621; -88.037581
Constructed on site 1981 N/A Log
Moravian Church
44°28′29″N 88°01′56″W / 44.474732°N 88.032199°W / 44.474732; -88.032199
EastMoravianChurchSideHeritageHill.jpg Moravian St
Green Bay
1842 1980 Timber framed Gothic Revival[22]
Listed on the NRHP in 1983 (#72001588) but later delisted, date unknown.
Print Shop
44°28′32″N 88°02′03″W / 44.475458°N 88.034302°W / 44.475458; -88.034302
HeritageHillPrintShop.jpg Constructed
on site
1976 N/A Wood framed
Tank Cottage
44°28′32″N 88°02′09″W / 44.475549°N 88.035927°W / 44.475549; -88.035927
Tank Cottage Heritage Hill June 2014.jpg On Fox River at 8th Street
Green Bay
1776 1976 Pièce-sur-pièce à coulisse[23]
Listed on the NRHP in 1970 (#70000028)
Tank barn
44°28′32″N 88°02′08″W / 44.475621°N 88.035521°W / 44.475621; -88.035521
Constructed on site N/A This building is the oldest standing house in Wisconsin[24]
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
44°28′25″N 88°01′51″W / 44.473606°N 88.030844°W / 44.473606; -88.030844
At current location 1938 N/A Dry-stacked limestone
Victorian Bandstand
44°28′31″N 88°02′05″W / 44.475200°N 88.034720°W / 44.475200; -88.034720
Constructed on site 1982 N/A Victorian
YMCA Library
44°28′31″N 88°02′03″W / 44.475380°N 88.034056°W / 44.475380; -88.034056
HeritageHillLibrary.jpg 810 Chestnut St
Green Bay
1872 1977 Wood framed w/ brick veneer/Greek Revival[25]
Visitors center
44°28′24″N 88°01′53″W / 44.473465°N 88.031448°W / 44.473465; -88.031448
Constructed on site N/A
Maintenance/restoration building
44°28′30″N 88°01′58″W / 44.475031°N 88.032816°W / 44.475031; -88.032816
Constructed on site N/A

See also[edit]

National Register of Historic Places listings in Brown County, Wisconsin

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of the Park". Heritage Hill State Historical Park. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "ALLOUEZ TOWN HALL". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "BAIRD LAW OFFICE". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Massart Farmstead". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Dairy Barn". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Horsebarn". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Chicken Coop". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Pig House". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Outhouse". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Belgian Farmstead Kitchen". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Roadside Chapel". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Windmill". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "DEWITT BLACKSMITH SHOP". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "Captain John Winslow Cotton House". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Fort Howard Hospital". National Register or State Register. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Fort Howard Ward Building". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "Fort Howard Officers' Quarters". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Company Kitchen/Orderly Room". Heritage Hill Foundation. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  19. ^ "Fort Howard Officer’s Quarters". Heritage Hill Foundation. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "FRANKLIN FIRE HOUSE #2624". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "Fur Traders Cabin". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  22. ^ "East Side Moravian Church". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  23. ^ "Tank Cottage". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  24. ^ "Wisconsin's Logging Camps Attract Turists". Chicago Tribune. August 4, 1963. p. Section 6, p2. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  25. ^ "YMCA". Architecture and History Inventory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 

External links[edit]