Heritage Mill, North Chailey

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North Chailey Windmill
Heritage Mill, side view.JPG
The mill in 2009
Origin
Mill name Heritage Mill
Beard's Mill
Mill location TQ 386 214
50°58′30″N 0°01′37″W / 50.975°N 0.027°W / 50.975; -0.027
Operator(s) Chailey Heritage Mill Trust
Year built Mid-19th century
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Three-storey smock
Base storeys Single-storey base
Smock sides Eight sides
Number of sails Four sails
Type of sails Patent sails
Windshaft Cast iron
Winding Fantail
Fantail blades Eight blades

Heritage Mill, or Beard's Mill is a grade II listed[1] smock mill at North Chailey, Sussex, England which is maintained as a landmark and open to the public.

History[edit]

A windmill was first recorded at this site in 1596.Heritage Mill, the seventh on this site,[2] was built in 1830 at Highbrook, West Hoathly, where she was known as Hammingden Mill. In 1844 she was moved to Newhaven, replacing a mill that had burnt down. She was made redundant by the erection of a steam mill and was moved again, this time to her current location at Chailey, replacing a post mill. This second move was done by Medhurst, the Lewes millwright. Heritage Mill was working by wind until 1911.[3]

In 1928 the mill was tailwinded, and the cap and sails were blown off. The mill was restored in 1933. The work was done by Neve's, the Heathfield millwrights. A few years later, the mill was tailwinded again, and this time the windshaft snapped between the Brake Wheel and canister. Neve's installed the windshaft from Punnetts Town Windmill, which had been partly dismantled in 1935.[3]

Description[edit]

The great spur wheel
For an explanation of the various pieces of machinery, see Mill machinery.

Heritage Mill is a three-storey smock mill on a single-storey brick base. It has a Kentish-style cap winded by a fantail. When working it had four Patent sails carried on a cast-iron windshaft. The only machinery remaining is the clasp arm great spur wheel.[3]

Millers[edit]

  • John Arnold 1841(Hammingden)
  • Bollen 1844 (Newhaven)
  • Messrs Stone & Towner - 1864 (Newhaven)
  • Godley
  • Thomas Comber
  • H K Wallis 1870
  • A G Sparkes 1874
  • Lockyer 1878 - 1911

References for above:-[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FOUNDERS HILL, CHAILEY, LEWES, EAST SUSSEX". English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-05-09. 
  2. ^ "Chailey Windmill, Sussex - 23rd December 2003". Roughwood. Retrieved 2008-05-09. 
  3. ^ a b c d Brunnarius, Martin (1979). The Windmills of Sussex. Chichester: Philimore. pp. p57–59, 190. ISBN 0-85033-345-8. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Hemming, Peter (1936). Windmills in Sussex. London: C W Daniel.  Online version

External links[edit]