Heritage conservation in Hong Kong

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This article details the history and status of Heritage conservation in Hong Kong, as well as the role of various stakeholders.

An indication of the size of the built heritage in Hong Kong is given by a territory-wide survey conducted by the Antiquities and Monuments Office (AMO) between 1996 and 2000, which recorded some 8,800 buildings. The preservation of Intangible Cultural Heritage is also an emerging theme.

Government agencies and legislation[edit]

In alphabetical order:

Historic buildings[edit]

The Tin Hau Temple in Causeway Bay is a declared monument since 1982.

As of 27 December 2013, there were 105 declared monuments in Hong Kong,[3] and as of February 2013, there were 917 graded historic buildings (153 Grade I, 322 Grade II, 442 Grade III), of which 203 were owned by the Government and 714 by private bodies.[4]

Grading system[edit]

Grades for historic buildings are defined as follows:[5]

  • Grade I: "Buildings of outstanding merit, which every effort should be made to preserve if possible."
  • Grade II: "Buildings of special merit; efforts should be made to selectively preserve."
  • Grade III: "Buildings of some merit; preservation in some form would be desirable and alternative means could be considered if preservation is not practicable."

Surveys and assessment[edit]

King Yin Lei was declared a monument in 2008 after media had reported that its owner had begun demolishing the tiles of the building.

A territory-wide survey on historic buildings conducted by the Antiquities and Monuments Office (AMO) between 1996 and 2000 recorded some 8,800 buildings. A more detailed survey conducted between 2002-2004 focused on 1,444 buildings.[6] In March 2005,[6] a seven member Expert Panel[7] comprising historians and members of the Hong Kong Institute of Architects, Hong Kong Institute of Planners and Hong Kong Institute of Engineers was formed by the Antiquities Advisory Board (AAB) to assess the heritage value of these buildings. The assessment was completed on March 19, 2009. As part of this work, the AMO proposed changes in the grading of historic buildings: 212 buildings to be Grade I, 366 to be Grade II, and 576 to be Grade III, and no grading for the remaining 290 ones.[6] Current grades may be increased, decreased or removed.[8]

Conservation initiatives[edit]

Adaptive reuse: the Former Marine Police Headquarters Compound, a declared monument, is being transformed into a heritage hotel with food and beverage outlets, and retail facilities.

Conservation initiatives include:

Issues[edit]

Demolitions[edit]

Public protest against the demolition of Queen's Pier: hunger strikers occupied the location in July 2007.

The demolition of several historic buildings has led to public protest in recent years. This included the Edinburgh Place Ferry Pier (demolition completed in early 2007) and Queen's Pier, demolished in February 2008.

Other issues[edit]

Other issues include:

  • Ownership of historic buildings and private owners' rights
  • Funding of Heritage conservation programs

Intangible cultural heritage[edit]

The preservation of Intangible Cultural Heritage is an emerging theme in Hong Kong, with The Intangible Cultural Heritage Advisory Committee having held its first meeting on July 9, 2008.[11] A territory-wide survey was carried out in 2011.[12]

Related museums[edit]

Blocks S61 and S62 of the former Whitfield Barracks, two Grade III Historic Buildings, house the Hong Kong Heritage Discovery Centre.

Several other museums are dedicated to heritage and history. Most of them are hosted in historic buildings thematically connected with the displays. Heritage Trails have been opened to facilitate the visit of historic buildings.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]