Herlong, California

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Herlong
census-designated place
Herlong is located in California
Herlong
Herlong
Location in California
Coordinates: 40°08′37″N 120°08′05″W / 40.14361°N 120.13472°W / 40.14361; -120.13472Coordinates: 40°08′37″N 120°08′05″W / 40.14361°N 120.13472°W / 40.14361; -120.13472
Country  United States
State  California
County Lassen County
Area[1]
 • Total 1.628 sq mi (4.217 km2)
 • Land 1.628 sq mi (4.217 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[2] 4,114 ft (1,254 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 87 people
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 96113
Area code(s) 530
GNIS feature IDs 1658740; 2583035
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Herlong, California; U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Herlong, California

Herlong is a census-designated place[3] in Lassen County, California.[2] Herlong is located at the extreme Eastern edge of the Sierra Nevada Mountain Range in the southeastern region of Honey Lake Valley, 8 miles (13 km) north of Doyle,[4] at an elevation of 4,114 feet (1,254 m).[2] Herlong is located in southern Lassen County near the southeast edge of Honey Lake about 70 miles (110 km) north of Reno, Nevada, and about 45 miles (72 km) south of Susanville. The community is accessible to U.S. Route 395 via Lassen County Route A25 or Lassen County Route A26.

History[edit]

Herlong was built in 1942 to house civilian workers for Sierra Army Depot which was one of several ammunition storage facilities located far enough inland to be safe from Japanese attack. The site also met the requirement that the depot be in a dry and isolated area. Herlong was named after Captain Henry W. Herlong, the first United States Army ordnance officer to die in World War II.[4] The postal stamps, money orders and equipment bore the spelling "Hurlong", which lasted for about five days, when the error was discovered and corrected. Sierra Army Depot now serves as the Army's End of First Life Center and the CONUS-based Army Prepositioned Stock Site while continuing to provide expeditionary logistics support and long-term sustainment solutions.

Since its beginning, the town has varied in size, peaking at about 5,000, in the 1950s (mostly civilian employees on the base), to the current population of 298 (at the 2010 census).

Herlong has several churches including the Bible Baptist Church, an Assembly of God church, and a Southern Baptist church. The Office of Historic Preservation currently lists 62 historic properties in Herlong on its Historic Properties Data File for Lassen County, one of the last counties in the American west that is still considered "open range" land.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all land.

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Herlong has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[5]

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[6] reported that Herlong had a population of 298. The population density was 183.0 people per square mile (70.7/km²). The racial makeup of Herlong was 187 (62.8%) White, 38 (12.8%) African American, 16 (5.4%) Native American, 1 (0.3%) Asian, 3 (1.0%) Pacific Islander, 9 (3.0%) from other races, and 44 (14.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 46 persons (15.4%).

The Census reported that 293 people (98.3% of the population) lived in households, 5 (1.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 116 households, out of which 46 (39.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 32 (27.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 25 (21.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 9 (7.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 16 (13.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 35 households (30.2%) were made up of individuals and 5 (4.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53. There were 66 families (56.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.21.

The population was spread out with 91 people (30.5%) under the age of 18, 22 people (7.4%) aged 18 to 24, 96 people (32.2%) aged 25 to 44, 80 people (26.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 9 people (3.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.5 years. For every 100 females there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

There were 139 housing units at an average density of 85.4 per square mile (33.0/km²), of which 0 (0%) were owner-occupied, and 116 (100%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%; the rental vacancy rate was 14.1%. 0 people (0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 293 people (98.3%) lived in rental housing units.

Government[edit]

In the state legislature, Herlong is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines,[7] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.[8]

Federally, Herlong is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[9] Texas State Representative John V. Garza was born in Herlong.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Herlong, California
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Herlong, California
  4. ^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 384. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  5. ^ Climate Summary for Herlong, California
  6. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  7. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  9. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 

External links[edit]