Herman, Nebraska

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Herman, Nebraska
Village
Main Street (U.S. Highway 75)
Main Street (U.S. Highway 75)
Location of Herman, Nebraska
Location of Herman, Nebraska
Coordinates: 41°40′25″N 96°12′57″W / 41.67361°N 96.21583°W / 41.67361; -96.21583Coordinates: 41°40′25″N 96°12′57″W / 41.67361°N 96.21583°W / 41.67361; -96.21583
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Washington
Area[1]
 • Total 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
 • Land 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,040 ft (317 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 268
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 265
 • Density 1,914.3/sq mi (739.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 68029
Area code(s) 402
FIPS code 31-22185[4]
GNIS feature ID 0829934[5]

Herman is a village in Washington County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 268 at the 2010 census.

On July 13, 1899, Herman was struck by a tornado that killed or maimed over fifty people.

History[edit]

In the early 1870s, the Bailey and Burdic pioneer families settled in northern Washington County. As the area started to grow, railroad tracks were laid from Omaha. Aboard the first train was a conductor named Samuel Hermann.

At that time, the post office was named "Cuming City." The people felt that a better name was in order, since the office was near Cuming County but not in it. It was decided to name the town "Hermann," after the conductor.[6] Later, the second "n" was dropped, and the official name became "Herman."

The early downtown consisted of the train station, a grocery store, the Herman Independent newspaper office, a hardware store, a lumberyard, a hotel, and a bank.

By the summer of 1899, a full array of businesses lined the village's main street. Then, with little or no warning, a "cyclone" swept down upon the town on June 13 and nearly blew it away. The downtown was completely demolished, and 13 people lost their lives.

Although only a few homes and businesses were left standing, the people stayed and began to build anew. New business houses flourished, and Herman soon boasted "the largest department store for a town of its size"[citation needed] in Nebraska. A conservative bank emerged, along with one of the largest retail implement businesses in the state. New and bigger clothing, millinery, and grocery stores also appeared. In addition to a pool hall, restaurant, meat market, and drug store, there was also a doctor, a dentist, a veterinarian, and the Grange Hall.

The telephone company of Herman was organized in 1901 by businessmen and farmers in the area. It consisted of two lines to which all phones were connected. This simple system has grown to a company with nearly 2,000 miles of line and subscribers from a large portion of the county.

Herman's peak population of 427 residents was reached in 1940; it is now 310. Herman has a city park and an active volunteer fire department.

Stanley M. Truhlsen grew up in Herman.

Education[edit]

The first school in Herman was District 22, located on the Charles Burdic farm southeast of town. Burdic rented the building for a few dollars a month. Desks were handmade of green cottonwood; the seats were made from cottonwood logs with the sawed side up and rough bark underneath. The first teacher was a German schoolmaster whose English was so poor that the students could hardly understand him.

After two years in the old log schoolhouse, classes were moved to a 12 by 24-foot school built just south of town. The town's third school was built on the town site; when it was outgrown in 1912, a brick building was put up for a cost of $35,000. Later, a wing was added to the west side.

In 1959-60, more space was again needed. A new $125,000 building was constructed near the old one. It had a combination gym and auditorium, a domestic science room, science labs, and a shop, bringing together in one location many activities that had formerly been located in separate spaces.

In 1969, after increasing problems in meeting state curriculum standards and finding qualified teachers, it was decided to merge the Herman junior and senior high school with the Tekamah school system. K-6 students still attend classes in Herman.

Religion[edit]

A Methodist church was organized in 1876. Its building, dedicated in 1880, was one of the few structures left standing after the tornado. Zion Baptist's Church, organized in 1879, was totally destroyed by the storm. A new building was dedicated in 1901. In 1947, the Baptist, Methodist, and Lutheran churches from Hill Creek combined, forming the Herman Federated Church. One Christian program is now offered under the leadership of one pastor.

Geography[edit]

Herman is located at 41°40′25″N 96°12′57″W / 41.67361°N 96.21583°W / 41.67361; -96.21583 (41.673500, -96.215935)[7].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 268 people, 116 households, and 74 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,914.3 inhabitants per square mile (739.1 /km2). There were 134 housing units at an average density of 957.1 per square mile (369.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the village was 99.6% White and 0.4% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 116 households of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.2% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the village was 41.3 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.8% were from 45 to 64; and 18.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 50.4% male and 49.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 310 people, 134 households, and 86 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,107.7 people per square mile (797.9/km²). There were 151 housing units at an average density of 1,026.6 per square mile (388.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.71% White, 0.65% Native American, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population.

There were 134 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the village the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 110.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.9 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the village was $38,750, and the median income for a family was $47,750. Males had a median income of $31,750 versus $20,795 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,492. About 11.8% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 155. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.