Herman IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg
|Herman IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg|
|Spouse(s)||Sophie Juliane of Waldeck
Juliane Kunigunde of Anhalt
|Noble family||House of Hesse|
|Father||Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel|
|Mother||Countess Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg|
15 August 1607|
|Died||25 March 1658
Rotenburg an der Fulda
Landgrave Hermann IV of Hesse-Rotenburg (15 August 1607 in Kassel – 25 March 1658 in Rotenburg an der Fulda), was the first Landgrave of the semi-independent Landgraviate of Hesse-Rotenburg. He was the fourth son of the Landgrave Maurice of Hesse-Kassel and his second wife Countess Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg.
When the Landgraviate of Hesse-Rotenburg was established in 1627, Herman IV took up the regency in Rotenburg. In 1634, he married Sophie Juliane of Waldeck. She died in 1637. Herman then married Juliane Kunigunde of Anhalt in 1642. Both marriagees remained childless. Herman and Juliane Kunigunde in the abbey church of Rotenburg.
Herman suffered all his life from a crippled foot and had to wear iron braces to support his leg. This made a military career impossible. Instead, he went into the scientific field. He became a renowned researcher in the fields of meteorology, mathematics, astronomy and geography. His treatise Beiläufige Cosmographische Beschreibung des Niederfürstentums Hessen of 1641 is among the standard works of 17th century Hessian geography. The school in Rotenburg was destroyed in 1637, during the Thirty Years' War. In 1651, Herman built a new school, at his own expense, at the address Löbergasse 2, as indicated by an inscription on the building.
After additional territories had been acquired, the Landgraviate of Hesse-Rotenburg was divided among three brothers in 1648. Herman retained a reduced Hesse-Rotenburg; Frederick received Hesse-Eschwege and Ernest received Hesse-Rheinfels. In 1655, Frederick died without a male heir, and Eschwege fell to Ernest. In 1658, Herman died childless and Rotenburg also fell to Ernest.
- Historical Society of Former district of Rotenburg
- Arthur Wyß (1880), "Hermann (IV.), Landgraf von Hessen", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German) 12, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 128–130
Herman IV, Landgrave of Hesse-RotenburgBorn: 15 August 1607 Died: 25 March 1658
as Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
|Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg
as Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels
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