Herman P. Eberharter

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Herman Peter Eberharter (April 29, 1892 – September 9, 1958) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Eberharter was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. During the First World War, he served in the United States Army as a private in the Twentieth Infantry and was commissioned as a second lieutenant. He was a member of the Officers’ Reserve Corps with rank of captain. He graduated from Duquesne University Law School in Pittsburgh in 1925. He became a member of the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives in 1935 and 1936.

He was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-fifth and to the ten succeeding Congresses. He served from January 3, 1937, until his death in Arlington, Virginia. In 1945, Ebeharter introduced the legislation that gave official Congressional approval of the Pledge of Allegiance.[1] Beginning with the 78th United States Congress, he sat as a member of the United States House Committee on Ways and Means.[2]

Eberharter was a member of the Dies Committee, which received the "Yellow Report" alleging Japanese-American espionage during World War II based on cultural traits such as Buddhist faith and a high proportion of fishermen among the population. Eberharter was the only member of the committee to openly express opposition to wartime internment of Japanese Americans.[3]

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ University of Rochester - Francis Bellamy
  2. ^ House Ways and Means Committee
  3. ^ Myer, Dillon S. Uprooted Americans. Tucson: U of Arizona P, 1971. p. 19.
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Theodore L. Moritz
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 32nd congressional district

1937–1943
Succeeded by
James A. Wright
Preceded by
Samuel A. Weiss
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 31st congressional district

1943–1945
Succeeded by
James G. Fulton
Preceded by
James A. Wright
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 32nd congressional district

1945–1953
Succeeded by
District Eliminated
Preceded by
Carroll D. Kearns
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 28th congressional district

1953–1958
Succeeded by
William S. Moorhead