|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (December 2011)|
Ahlwardt was originally an elementary school (German: Volksschule) teacher, but was dismissed in 1893 because of his anti-Jewish pamphlets (such as "Jew Rifles" [Judenflinten], which attacked the Loewe Weapons Factory) and sentenced to prison. In 1895, as one of the völkisch leaders, Ahlwardt, in a speech before the Reichstag, called Jews "predators" and "cholera bacilli" who should be "exterminated" for the good of the German people. He was a co-founder of the Antisemitic People's Party (Antisemitische Volkspartei); his three-volume work Verzweiflungskampf der arischen Völker mit dem Judentum (The Desperate Struggle of the Aryan Peoples with Judaism; 1890—1892) later influenced Nazi antisemitism.
- Christian Zentner, Friedemann Bedürftig (1991). The Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. Macmillan, New York. ISBN 0-02-897502-2
- Gramel, Hermann "Modern Anti-Semitism in Germany" pages 33–68 from Antisemitism in the Third Reich, London: Blackwill, 1992 page 61.