Hermann Graf Keyserling

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Hermann Graf Keyserling
Ikeysel001p1.jpg
Born (1880-07-20)July 20, 1880
Died April 26, 1946(1946-04-26) (aged 65)
Era 20th-century philosophy
Region Western philosophy

Hermann Alexander Graf[1] Keyserling (July 20, 1880 – April 26, 1946) was a Baltic German philosopher.

Life[edit]

He was born to a wealthy aristocratic family in the Kõnnu Manor, Pärnu County in Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire, now in Estonia. After his education at the universities of Dorpat (Tartu), Heidelberg, and Vienna, he took a trip around the world. He married Maria Goedela von Bismarck-Schönhausen, granddaughter of Otto von Bismarck. His son Arnold Keyserling followed his fathers footsteps and became a renowned philosopher. Hermann Keyserling interested himself in natural science and in philosophy, and before World War I he was known both as a student of geology and as a popular essayist. The Russian Revolution deprived him of his estate in Livonia, and with the remains of his fortune he founded the Gesellschaft für Freie Philosophie (Society for Free Philosophy) at Darmstadt. The mission of this school was to bring about the intellectual reorientation of Germany.[2]

Although not a doctrinaire pacifist, Keyserling believed that the old German policy of militarism was dead for all time and that Germany's only hope lay in the adoption of international, democratic principles. His best-known work is the Reisetagebuch eines Philosophen ("Travel-journal of a Philosopher"). The book also describes his travels in Asia, America and Southern Europe.

He died at Innsbruck, Austria.

Works[edit]

  • Reisetagebuch eines Philosophen
  • Das Buch vom Ursprung
  • Schöpferische Erkenntnis
  • Südamerikanische Meditationen
  • Einführung in die Schule der Weisheit
  • Philosophie als Kunst
  • Das Buch vom persönlichen Leben
  • Betrachtungen der Stille und Besinnlichkeit
  • Reise durch die Zeit (Memoiren)
  • Das Spektrum Europas

Literature[edit]

  • Dyserinck, Hugo: Graf Hermann Keyserling und Frankreich, Ein Kapitel deutsch-französischer Geistesbeziehungen im 20. Jahrhundert; Bouvier, Bonn 1970; ISBN 3-416-00667-4
  • Gahlings, Ute: Hermann Graf Keyserling, ein Lebensbild; Justus-von-Liebig-Verlag, Darmstadt 1996; ISBN 3-87390-116-1
  • Keyserling-Archiv Innsbruck-Mühlau (Hrsg.): Graf Hermann Keyserling, ein Gedächtnisbuch; Rohrer, Innsbruck 1948
  • Kaminsky, Amy: ' Victoria Ocampo and the Keyserling Effect' in Argentina, stories for a nation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008 p. 70-98.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Graf (pron. Grahff) here is a German title, to be translated as Count, not a first or middle name.
  2. ^ New International Encyclopedia

External links[edit]