Hermann Reutter

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Hermann Reutter (17 June 1900 in Stuttgart – 1 January 1985 in Heidenheim an der Brenz) was a German composer and pianist. The compositions of Hermann Reutter are not well known, though his musical career was one of great excellence and long duration. Reutter was, at one time or another, a teacher, administrator (Director of the Hochschule für Musik first in Berlin and later in Stuttgart), composer, recitalist and accompanist. His song output demonstrates a remarkable sensitivity to poetry and awesome musical originality. It also encompassed an amazing breadth of poetic sources; a variety of Russian poets, Rilke, Rückert, Lorca, Icelandic poems, Hölderlin, ancient Egyptian poems, Goethe, Sappho and Langston Hughes, amongst many others.[1] Reutter was a member of the Nazi Party.[2]

Works[edit]

Ruetter's compositions are published by Schott Music.
Stage
  • Saul, Opera in 1 act, Op. 33 (1928, 2nd version 1947); libretto after the play by Alexander Lernet-Holenia
  • Der verlorene Sohn, Opera in 5 scenes, Op. 34 (1929); libretto by Rainer Maria Rilke after André Gide; revised 1952 as oratorio Die Rückkehr des verlorenen Sohnes
  • Die Prinzessin und der Schweinehirt, Musical Drama in 10 scenes (1938); libretto after Hans Christian Andersen
  • Der Lübecker Totentanz, Ein altes Mysterienspiel, Op. 35 (1948)
  • Der neue Hiob, Ein Lehrstück (Didactic Drama) for soloists, chorus, piano and string orchestra, Op. 37 (1930); libretto by Robert Seitz
  • Doktor Johannes Faust, Opera in 3 acts, Op. 47 (1936, revised 1955); libretto by Ludwig Andersen after the puppet play by Karl Joseph Simrock
  • Die Kirmes von Delft, Ballet in 4 scenes, Op. 48 (1937)
  • Odysseus, Opera in 3 acts, Op. 55 (1942); libretto by Rudolf Bach
  • Der Weg nach Freudenstadt, Ballade der Landstraße in 5 scenes, Op. 66 (1948); libretto by Sonja Korty
  • Don Juan und Faust, Opera in 7 scenes, Op. 75 (1950); libretto by Ludwig Andersen after Christian Dietrich Grabbe
  • Topsy, Ein Spiel nach einer Idee von Sonia Korty, Op. 76 (1950); libretto by Fred Schmitz after the idea by Sonja Korty
  • Notturno Montmartre, Ballet in 4 scenes (1952)
  • Die Witwe von Ephesus, Opera in 1 act (1954, 2nd version 1965); libretto by Ludwig Andersen after Petronius
  • Der Tod des Empedokles, Concerto Scenico in 2 acts (1954, 2nd version 1966); libretto by Friedrich Hölderlin
  • Die Brücke von San Luis Rey, Scenes from the Novel The Bridge of San Luis Rey by Thornton Wilder (1954); 2 versions; libretto by Gerhard Reutter
  • Hamlet, Opera in 5 acts (1979–1980); libretto by August Wilhelm Schlegel after William Shakespeare
Orchestral
  • Die Kirmes von Delft, Ballet Suite, Op. 48 (1937)
  • Tanz-Variationen, Op. 76a (1951)
  • Notturno Montmartre, Ballet Suite (1952)
  • Sinfonie for string orchestra (1960)
  • Figurinen zu Hofmannsthals "Jedermann" (1972)
Concertante
  • Concerto No. 1 for piano and chamber orchestra, Op. 19 (1926)
  • Sinfonische Fantasie, Concerto No. 3 for piano and orchestra, Op. 50 (1938)
  • Concerto No. 4 "Variation über ein eigenes Thema in einem Satz" (Variations on an Original Theme in One Movement) in G minor, Op. 62 (1947)
  • Concerto in E in One Movement for 2 pianos and orchestra, Op. 63 (1947)
  • Concertino for piano and string orchestra, Op. 69 (1947)
  • Konzertvariationen (Concert Variations) for piano and orchestra (1951)
  • Aus dem Hohelied Salomonis (From the Song of Solomon), Concerto Grosso for alto, viola, piano and orchestra (1956)
  • Prozession, Dialogue for cello and orchestra (1957); written for and premiered by cellist Gaspar Cassadó
  • Capriccio, Aria und Finale for piano and orchestra (1963)
  • Epitaph für Ophelia for violin and chamber orchestra (or piano) (1979)
Chamber music
  • Rhapsodie for violin and piano, Op. 51 (1939)
  • Musik for viola and piano (1951)
  • Cinco Caprichos sobre Cervantes (5 Caprices on Cervantes) for viola solo (1968)
  • Pièce concertante for alto saxophone and piano (1968)
  • Sonata Monotematica for cello or bassoon and piano (1972)
Piano
  • Fantasia apocalyptica, Op. 7 (1926)
  • Variationen über den Choral "Komm, süßer Tod, komm, sel'ge Ruh'!" von Johann Sebastian Bach, Op. 15 (1928)
  • Die Passion in 9 Inventionen aus den "Biblischen Szenen", Op. 25 (1930); also for guitar (1984)
  • Tanz-Suite (Dance Suite), Op. 29
  • Kleine Klavierstücke (Little Piano Pieces), Op. 28
Vocal
  • 3 Gesänge for medium voice and string quartet or string orchestra, Op. 3 (1937); words by Friedrich Hölderlin
  • Russische Lieder (Russian Songs), 8 Songs for voice and piano, Op. 21 (1927); words by Fyodor Tyutchev, Calzow, Sergei Yesenin and Leo Tolstoy
  • Missa brevis for alto, violin and cello, Op. 22 (1930)
  • Russische Lieder (Russian Songs), 6 Songs for voice and piano, Op. 23 (1930); words by Leo Tolstoy, Mikhail Lermontov, Calzow, Afanasy Fet and Alexander Blok
  • Die Weise von Liebe und Tod des Cornets Christoph Rilke for medium voice and piano, Op. 31 (1947); words by Rainer Maria Rilke
  • Solokantate nach Worten des Matthias Claudius (Solo-Cantata on words of Matthias Claudius) for alto, viola and piano (or organ), Op. 45 (1948)
  • 4 Lieder for voice and piano, Op. 54 (1941); words by Friedrich Rückert
  • 3 Gesänge for low voice and piano, Op. 56 (1944); words by Friedrich Hölderlin
  • Fünf antike Oden nach Gedichten von Sappho (5 Ancient Odes after Poetry of Sappho) for mezzo-soprano, viola and piano, Op. 57 (1947)
  • 5 Lieder for low voice and piano, Op. 58 (1945); words by Theodor Storm
  • 9 Lieder und Gesänge for high voice and piano, Op. 59 (1948); words by Gottfried Keller
  • 3 Lieder for high voice and piano, Op. 60 (1946); words by Matthias Claudius
  • 3 Lieder for high voice and piano, Op. 61 (1945); words by Clemens Brentano
  • 3 Lieder nach Gedichten von Friedrich Hölderlin for high voice and piano, Op. 67 (1946–1947); words by Friedrich Hölderlin
  • Russische Lieder (Russian Songs), 7 Songs for voice and piano, Op. 68 (1947); words by Leo Tolstoy, Sergei Yesenin and Nikolay Gumilev
  • 7 Gesänge aus "Gesicht und Antlitz" (Ehrler-Zyklus I) for baritone and piano, Op. 64 (1948); words by Hans Heinrich Ehrler
  • 12 Lieder aus "Gesicht und Antlitz" (Ehrler-Zyklus II) for high voice and piano, Op. 65 (1948); words by Hans Heinrich Ehrler
  • Lyrisches Konzert for soprano, flute, piano, timpani and string orchestra, Op. 70 (1948); words by Eckart Peterich
  • Sechs Gedichte aus "Westöstlicher Diwan" for soprano, baritone and piano, Op. 73 (1949); words by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Monolog der Iphigenie for female voice and orchestra, Op. 74 (1949); words by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Hymne an Deutschland for medium voice and piano (1950); words by Rudolf Alexander Schröder
  • Der himmlische Vagant, Lyrisches Portrait des François Villon for alto, baritone and chamber orchestra (1951); words by François Villon
  • Lieder der Liebe, 4 Gedichte for soprano and piano (1951); words by Ricarda Huch
  • Kleines geistliches Konzert nach Worten von Christian Wagner (Little Sacred Concerto on Words of Christian Wagner) for alto and viola (1953)
  • Spanischer Totentanz, 5 Poems for 2 medium voices and orchestra (1953); words by Federico García Lorca
  • Aus dem Hohelied Salomonis (From the Song of Solomon), Concerto Grosso for alto, viola, piano and orchestra (1956)
  • 3 Zigeunerromanzen for voice and piano (1956); words by Federico García Lorca
  • Meine dunklen Hände, 5 Negergedichte for baritone and piano (1956); words by Langston Hughes and Arna Bontemps
  • Die Jahreszeiten, 4 Gedichte for medium voice and piano (1957); words by Friedrich Hölderlin
  • 6 späte Gedichte for voice and piano (1957); words by Ricarda Huch
  • Weltlicht, 7 Icelandic Poems for bass and orchestra (1959); words after the novel Heimsljós (World Light) by Halldór Laxness
  • Kleine Ballade von den drei Flüssen for soprano and chamber orchestra or piano (1960); words by Federico García Lorca
  • Ein kleines Requiem for bass, cello and piano (1961); words by Federico García Lorca
  • Andalusiana, Arien und Intermezzi for soprano and orchestra or piano (1962); words by Federico García Lorca
  • Ein Füllen ward geboren, Chanson Variée in 3 Strophen for medium voice and piano (1962)
  • Epitaph für einen Dichter for high voice and piano (1962); words from A Green Bough by William Faulkner
  • 5 Fragmente nach Friedrich Hölderlin for tenor and piano (1965); words by Friedrich Hölderlin
  • Drei Monologe des Empedokles for baritone and orchestra or piano (1966); words by Friedrich Hölderlin
  • Szene und Monolog der Marfa for soprano and orchestra (1966); words from the play Demetrius by Friedrich Schiller
  • Sankt Sebastian, Triptychon for baritone and piano (1968); words by E. F. Sommer
  • Bogenschützen, Vocalise for high voice and piano (1971); words by Federico García Lorca
  • 9 Lieder nach Gedichten von Ricarda Huch for voice and piano (1971); words by Ricarda Huch
  • Chamber Music, 4 Selected Poems for low male voice and piano (1972); words by James Joyce
  • 5 Lieder nach Gedichten von Marie Luise Kaschnitz for medium voice and piano (1972); words by Marie Luise Kaschnitz
  • 4 Lieder nach Gedichten von Nelly Sachs for medium voice and piano (1972); words by Nelly Sachs
  • Prediger Salomo (12, 1-9), Solo Cantata for low voice, flute and piano or organ (1973)
  • Tre Notturni, 3 Gedichte for low male voice, piano and wind quintet (flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, bassoon) (1975); words by Friedrich Nietzsche
  • Der Liebe will ich singen, Minnenlieder aus der Zeit der Staufer for soprano, baritone and orchestra or piano (1976)
  • 3 Lieder der Ophelia aus Shakespeares Hamlet for soprano and piano (1980); words by William Shakespeare
  • Hamlet-Sinfonie in 2 parts for soprano, mezzo-soprano, 2 tenors, 2 baritones, 2 choristers, narrator and orchestra (1982); words by August Wilhelm Schlegel after William Shakespeare
  • Hamlets erster und zweiter Monolog for the opera Hamlet for baritone and piano (1982); words by August Wilhelm Schlegel after William Shakespeare
Choral
  • Die Rückkehr des verlorenen Sohnes, Chamber Oratorio in 5 scenes for soloists, mixed chorus and orchestra, Op. 34 (1929, revised 1952); revision of the opera Der verlorene Sohn; words by André Gide in translation by Rainer Maria Rilke
  • Der große Kalender, Oratorio for soprano, baritone, mixed chorus, children's chorus, organ and orchestra, Op. 43 (1933, revised 1970)
  • Der glückliche Bauer, Cantata after Songs of Matthias Claudius for mixed or male chorus and orchestra, Op. 44 (revised version 1957); words by Matthias Claudius
  • Gesang des Deutschen, Cantata for soprano, baritone, mixed chorus and orchestra, Op. 49 (1937); words by Friedrich Hölderlin
  • Chorfantasie in 3 Movements for soprano, baritone, mixed chorus and orchestra, Op. 52 (1939); words by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Pandora, Cantata for soprano, baritone, mixed chorus and orchestra, Op. 72 (1949); words by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Bauernhochzeit, 8 Gedichte zum Singen, Spielen und Tanzen for mixed chorus and orchestra (1950); words from Stimmen der Völker (The Voices of Peoples) by Johann Gottfried Herder
  • Sechs Chöre for mixed chorus, wind orchestra, piano, timpani and percussion (1952); words from El Gran Teatro del mundo by Pedro Calderón de la Barca
  • Triptychon for tenor, mixed chorus and orchestra (1959); words by Friedrich Schiller

References[edit]

  1. ^ Koopman, John. http://www2.lawrence.edu/fast/KOOPMAJO/reutter.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Ulrich Bender, Kirchenmusiker im "Dritten Reich": Wilhelm Bender (1911 bis 1944) : Musiker an der Berliner Parochialkirche : Person und Werk im kirchenpolitischen Wettbewerb, BoD, 2011, p. 166

External links[edit]