Hermann von dem Busche

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Hermann von dem Busche (also Hermannus Buschius or Pasiphilus; 1468–1534) was a German humanist writer, known for his Vallum humanitatis (1518). He was a pupil of Rudolph von Langen.[1] Vallum humanitatis, sive Humaniorum litterarum contra obrectatores vindiciae (1518) was in effect a manifesto for the humanist movement of the time.

Life[edit]

He was born at Sassenberg. He studied at Heidelberg, at Tübingen, and in Italy, where he became versed in Latin.[2] Among his teachers were Alexander Hegius, Rodolphus Agricola, Pomponius Laetus, and Filippo Beroaldo. He moved back to Munster and the prince-bishop Heinrich von Schwarzburg, but decided to become a jurist and went to study in Cologne.[3] He was dismissed from teaching posts, in Leipzig (1505) and Erfurt (1507).[4]

He became involved in controversy in 1509 around Ortwin, a conservative figure of the older generation, with whom he had clashed over textbooks, wanting to use Aelius Donatus.[5] He has been thought to be one of the authors of the Epistolae Obscurorum Virorum, an anonymous work that includes satirical attacks on Ortwin; but this is not now generally agreed.[3][6]

He joined the leaders of the Reformation, was a friend of Ulrich von Hutten, and in 1527 was appointed first professor of classical literature at the University of Marburg, founded in that year by Landgrave Philip the Magnanimous.[2]

In addition to Vallum Humanitatis, a defense of humanistic studies, he wrote three books of epigrams, and other works.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Miriam A. Drake, Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science (2003), p. 2500.
  2. ^ a b c Wikisource-logo.svg "Busche, Hermann von dem". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 
  3. ^ a b Peter G. Bietenholz, Thomas Brian Deutscher, Contemporaries of Erasmus: A Biographical Register of the Renaissance and Reformation (2003), p. 233.
  4. ^ James Overfield, Germany, p. 121, in Roy Porter, Mikuláš Teich (editors), The Renaissance in National Context (1992).
  5. ^ Charles Garfield Nauert, Humanism and the Culture of Renaissance Europe (2006), p. 136.
  6. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/948/000101645/

External links[edit]