Hermiston, Oregon

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For other uses, see Hermiston (disambiguation).
Hermiston, Oregon
City
Historic business district of Hermiston
Historic business district of Hermiston
Motto: "The Future of Eastern Oregon"
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°50′28″N 119°17′30″W / 45.84111°N 119.29167°W / 45.84111; -119.29167Coordinates: 45°50′28″N 119°17′30″W / 45.84111°N 119.29167°W / 45.84111; -119.29167
Country United States
State Oregon
County Umatilla
Incorporated 1907
Government
 • Mayor Dr. David A. Drotzmann
Area[1]
 • Total 7.81 sq mi (20.23 km2)
 • Land 7.81 sq mi (20.23 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 643 ft (196 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 16,745
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 17,111
 • Density 2,144.0/sq mi (827.8/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97838
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-33700[4]
GNIS feature ID 1167708[5]
Website hermiston.or.us

Hermiston is a city in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States, near the junction of I-82 and I-84. U.S. Route 395 also goes through the center of the city. Hermiston is 7 miles (11 km) south of the Columbia River, Lake Wallula, and the McNary Dam. The population was 16,745 at the 2010 census, which made it the largest city in Umatilla County, 133 inhabitants ahead of Pendleton, the county seat. The Umatilla Chemical Depot and the Umatilla Chemical Agent Disposal Facility are 5 miles (8.0 km) west of the city, northeast of the intersection of I-84 and I-82.

Hermiston is very slightly the larger of the two principal cities of the Pendleton-Hermiston Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that covers Morrow and Umatilla counties[6] and had a combined population of 87,062 at the 2010 census.[4]

History[edit]

The historic inhabitants of the area were the indigenous Umatilla, Cayuse, Walla Walla, and Columbia Indians, descendants of peoples who lived in this area for thousands of years. The earliest European settlers were Catholic missionaries who established a mission near Pendleton in 1847. The territorial government organized Umatilla County in 1862 from the larger Wasco County.

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to Hermiston's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[7] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Umatilla Chemical Depot 1,080
2 Lamb Weston 1,000
3 Express Employment Professionals 800
4 Wal-Mart Distribution 800
5 Certified Personnel Services 725
6 River Point Farms 650
7 Good Shepherd Health Care System 465
8 Hermiston School District 455
9 Walmart Supercenter 400
10 Union Pacific Railroad 300

Geography[edit]

Hat Rock, located on the Columbia River near Hermiston, was one of the first landmarks of the area noted by Lewis and Clark in their journals.[8]
Butte Park

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.81 square miles (20.23 km2), all land.[1]

Distance to major cities:

Hermiston's recent population growth is due to its proximity to large cities in the Pacific Northwest and its location along two major freeways.[9][10]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Hermiston, OR
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
70
(21)
79
(26)
90
(32)
104
(40)
106
(41)
110
(43)
111
(44)
103
(39)
87
(31)
75
(24)
68
(20)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 41
(5)
47
(8)
56
(13)
64
(18)
72
(22)
79
(26)
88
(31)
88
(31)
78
(26)
65
(18)
50
(10)
40
(4)
64
(18)
Daily mean °F (°C) 36
(2)
39
(4)
46
(8)
53
(12)
60
(16)
67
(19)
75
(24)
75
(24)
66
(19)
54
(12)
43
(6)
35
(2)
54
(12)
Average low °F (°C) 30
(−1)
31
(−1)
36
(2)
41
(5)
48
(9)
54
(12)
61
(16)
61
(16)
53
(12)
43
(6)
36
(2)
30
(−1)
39
(4)
Record low °F (°C) −22
(−30)
−7
(−22)
12
(−11)
29
(−2)
34
(1)
35
(2)
43
(6)
43
(6)
34
(1)
20
(−7)
−2
(−19)
−9
(−23)
−22
(−30)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.08
(27.4)
0.81
(20.6)
0.78
(19.8)
0.61
(15.5)
0.77
(19.6)
0.59
(15)
0.18
(4.6)
0.23
(5.8)
0.36
(9.1)
0.62
(15.7)
1.10
(27.9)
1.10
(27.9)
8.23
(209)
Source: The Weather Channel[11]

Demographics[edit]

Since 1990, the city has expanded substantially in population.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 647
1930 608 −6.0%
1940 803 32.1%
1950 3,804 373.7%
1960 4,402 15.7%
1970 4,893 11.2%
1980 9,408 92.3%
1990 10,040 6.7%
2000 13,154 31.0%
2010 16,745 27.3%
Est. 2012 17,111 2.2%
Sources:[12] [13][14][15][4][16]

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $35,354, and the median income for a family was $42,881. Males had a median income of $32,100 versus $20,951 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,075. About 11.9% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 16,745 people, 6,050 households, and 4,184 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,144.0 inhabitants per square mile (827.8 /km2). There were 6,373 housing units at an average density of 816.0 per square mile (315.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.2% White, 0.8% African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 19.0% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.9% of the population.

There were 6,050 households of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.8% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.28.

The median age in the city was 30.9 years. 31.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.3% were from 25 to 44; 20.8% were from 45 to 64; and 11% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.

Education[edit]

Hermiston School District is composed of one high school, two middle schools, five elementary schools, and 1 alternative school. There are also two private schools. Blue Mountain Community has a branch near airport. Cite error: A <ref> tag is missing the closing </ref> (see the help page). </ref></ref></ref>

Transportation[edit]

Railway that goes through downtown Hermiston

Highways serving Hermiston include Interstate 84 and U.S. Route 30, both of which run east–west, U.S. Route 395, which runs north-south, and Interstate 82, which has its southern terminus near Hermiston and continues north to Ellensburg, Washington.

Hermiston is on the La Grande Subdivision of the Union Pacific Railroad, constructed originally through the area in the 1870s as the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company. Railroad facilities include the Hinkle Locomotive Service and Repair Facility and "hump yard" located just outside the city.

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Annual events[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Micropolitan Statistical Areas and Components". Office of Management and Budget. 2007-05-11. Retrieved 2008-07-27. [dead link]
  7. ^ City of Hermiston CAFR (PDF)
  8. ^ Lewis, Meriweather & William Clark (1805, tr. 2003). "October 19, 1805". The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition Online. University of Nebraska Lincoln. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  9. ^ Hutchinson-Talaski, Karen (2006-11-24). "Hermiston growth leads the way". The Hermiston Herald (Western Communications). Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  10. ^ "Population Trends". City of Hermiston. 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-09-25. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Hermiston, OR". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  12. ^ "Population-Oregon". U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Population-Oregon". 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "Columbia Motor Speedway Park homepage". Retrieved 2012-09-13. 
  18. ^ FarmCityEntry

External links[edit]