The Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus) is a medium-sized North American thrush. It is not very closely related to the other North American migrant species of Catharus, but rather to the Mexican Russet Nightingale-thrush.
This species measures 15 to 18 cm (5.9 to 7.1 in) in length, spans 25 to 30 cm (9.8 to 12 in) across the wings and weighs 18 to 37 g (0.63 to 1.3 oz). Among standard measurements, the wing chord is 7.8 to 11.1 cm (3.07 to 4.37 in), the bill is 1.6 to 1.9 cm (0.63 to 0.75 in) and the tarsus is 2.7 to 3.3 cm (1.06 to 1.30 in). It is more compact and stockier than other North American Catharus thrushes, with relatively longer wings. The Hermit Thrush has the white-dark-white underwing pattern characteristic of Catharus thrushes. Adults are mainly brown on the upperparts, with reddish tails. The underparts are white with dark spots on the breast and grey or brownish flanks. They have pink legs and a white eye ring. Birds in the east are more olive-brown on the upperparts; western birds are more grey-brown.
Hermit Thrushes migrate to wintering grounds in the southern United States and south to Central America but some remain in northern coastal US states and southern Ontario. Although they usually only breed in forests, Hermit Thrushes will sometimes winter in parks and wooded suburban neighbourhoods. They are very rare vagrants to western Europe. It has also occurred as a vagrant in northeast Asia.
They forage on the forest floor, also in trees or shrubs, mainly eating insects and berries.
The Hermit Thrush's song is ethereal and flute-like, consisting of a beginning note, then several descending musical phrases in a minor key, repeated at different pitches. They often sing from a high open location.
Walt Whitman construes the Hermit Thrush as a symbol of the American voice, poetic and otherwise, in his elegy for Abraham Lincoln, "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd," one of the fundamental texts in the American literary canon. "A Hermit Thrush" is the name of a poem by the American poet Amy Clampitt. A Hermit Thrush appears in the fifth section ("What the Thunder Said") of the T. S. Eliot poem The Waste Land.
The song of the Hermit Thrush is audible in the "Garden" stage of Super Mario Galaxy for the Nintendo Wii.
A slightly altered song of the Hermit Thrush was used for the Mockingjay's song in the early scenes of the Hunger Games film. The Hermit Thrush's song, as well as the House Wren and Mourning Warbler are all very common in modern-day media.
The character Raymond Tusk identifies the song the Hermit Thrush when Frank Underwood meets with him in St. Louis, in the 12th episode of the first season of the Netflix web television web series House of Cards.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Catharus guttatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Winker & Pruett, 2006
- Thrushes by Peter Clement. Princeton University Press (2001). ISBN 978-0691088525
- Hermit Thrush, All about Birds
- Brazil, Mark (2009) Birds of East Asia ISBN 978-0-7136-7040-0 page 402
- "Hermit Thrush Song" (WAV). Archived from the original on 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2008-07-26. (Through The Internet Archive)
- Whitman, Walt. "When Lilacs Last in the Door-yard Bloom’d". Bartleby. Retrieved 2008-07-26.
- Clampitt, Amy. "A Hermit Thrush". The Academy of American Poets. Retrieved 2008-07-26.
- Winker, Kevin & Pruett, Christin L. (2006): Seasonal migration, speciation, and morphological convergence in the avian genus Catharus (Turdidae). Auk 123(4): 1052-1068. [Article in English with Spanish abstract] DOI: 10.1642/0004-8038(2006)123[1052:SMSAMC]2.0.CO;2 PDF fulltext
- Farrand, John & Bull, John, The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Birds, Eastern Region, National Audubon Society (1977)
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