Hermocrates (//; Greek: Ἑρμοκράτης) is a hypothetical dialogue, assumed to be the third part of Plato's late trilogy along with Timaeus and Critias. Since Plato never completed the Critias for an unknown reason, it is generally assumed that he never began writing the Hermocrates. In any case, the persons that would have appeared are very likely be the same as in the former dialogues – Timaeus, Critias, Hermocrates, and Socrates – and the unnamed fourth companion mentioned at the beginning of the Timaeus might have unveiled his identity.
Hermocrates had only a small share of the conversation in the previous dialogues. Since the Critias recounted the story of the ideal state in ancient Athens of nine thousand years ago – and why it was able to repel the invasion by the imperialist naval power Atlantis – by referring to prehistoric accounts via Solon and the Egyptians, it might have been Hermocrates' task to tell how the imperialist naval power, into which Athens of Plato's lifetime had turned, had suffered a bitter defeat in the Sicilian expedition against Syracuse and eventually in the Peloponnesian War against Sparta – since he was a Syracusan strategos during the time of the Sicilian expedition.
In popular culture
In the video game Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis the Lost Dialogue of Plato is known as the Hermocrates. In the game, the book was actually existent in an English manuscript, translated by one of the characters, and was an important tool for Dr. Jones throughout the game.
- Clay, Diskin (1997). "The Plan of Plato’s Critias". In Calvo, Tomás; Brisson, Luc (Edd.). Interpreting the Timaeus-Critias. International Plato Studies 9. Sankt Augustin: Acedemia. pp. 49–54. ISBN 3-89665-004-1.
- Eberz, J. (1910). "Die Bestimmung der von Platon entworfenen Trilogie Timaios, Kritias, Hermokrates". Philologus 69: 40–50. ISSN 0031-7985.
- Forsyth, Phyllis Young (1980). Atlantis. The making of myth. Montréal: McGill-Queens Univ. Press. ISBN 0-7099-1000-2.