Hermosa Beach, California

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Hermosa Beach, California
City
City of Hermosa Beach
The Hermosa Beach pier on a hot summer day.
The Hermosa Beach pier on a hot summer day.
Official seal of Hermosa Beach, California
Seal
Motto: "The Best Little Beach City"[1]
Location of Hermosa Beach in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Hermosa Beach in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 33°51′59″N 118°23′59″W / 33.86639°N 118.39972°W / 33.86639; -118.39972Coordinates: 33°51′59″N 118°23′59″W / 33.86639°N 118.39972°W / 33.86639; -118.39972
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) January 14, 1907[2]
Government
 • Mayor[3] Michael DiVigrilio
 • Mayor Pro Tempore Peter Tucker
 • Councilmembers Nanette Barragan, Carolyn Petty, Hany Fangary
 • City Treasurer Karen S. Nowicki
 • City Clerk (elected) Elaine Doerfling
Area[4]
 • Total 1.427 sq mi (3.695 km2)
 • Land 1.427 sq mi (3.695 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 26 ft (8 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 19,506
 • Density 14,000/sq mi (5,300/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 90254[5]
Area code(s) 310 and 424
FIPS code 06-33364
GNIS feature ID 1652719
Website City of Hermosa Beach, California

Hermosa Beach is a beachfront city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Its population was 19,506 at the 2010 census, up from 18,566 at the 2000 census.

The city is located in the South Bay region of the greater Los Angeles area and is one of the three Beach Cities. Hermosa Beach is bordered by the other two, Manhattan Beach to the north and Redondo Beach to the south and east.

The city's beach is popular for sunbathing, beach volleyball, surfing, paddleboarding and bars. The city itself extends only about 15 blocks from east to west and 40 blocks from north to south, with the Pacific Coast Highway running down the middle. Situated on the Pacific Ocean, Hermosa's average temperature is 75 degrees in the summer and 60 degrees in the winter. Westerly sea breezes lessen what can be high summertime temperatures in Los Angeles and elsewhere in the county and help keep the smog away 360 days of the year.

A paved path, called The Strand, runs along Hermosa's beach from Torrance Beach in the south approximately twenty miles north to Santa Monica and the Hermosa Beach pier is at the end of Pier Avenue, which is one of the beach community's main shopping, eating and partying areas.

History[edit]

Hermosa Beach was originally part of the 1784 Rancho San Pedro Spanish land grant that later became the ten-mile (16 km) Ocean frontage of Rancho Sausal Redondo. In 1900 a tract of 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) was purchased for $35 per acre from A. E. Pomroy, then owner of the greater part of Rancho Sausal Redondo. Messrs. Burbank and Baker, agents, bought this land for Sherman and Clark who organized and retained the controlling interest in the Hermosa Beach Land and Water Company,

In early days, Hermosa Beach — like so many of its neighboring cities (Inglewood, Lawndale, Torrance) — was one vast sweep of rolling hills covered with fields of grain, mostly barley. During certain seasons of the year large herds of sheep were grazed over this land, and corrals and large barns for storing the grain, as well as providing shelter for horses and farm implements were located on the ranch between Hermosa and Inglewood. The Spanish words Rancho Sausal Redondo mean a large circular ranch of pasture of grazing land, with a grove of willow on it.

Tim Kelly Lifeguard Memorial Statue at Hermosa Beach Pier & Volleyball courts

The first official survey was made in the year 1901 for the board walk on the Strand, Hermosa Avenue and Santa Fe Avenue; work on these projects commenced soon after. In 1904 the first pier was built. It was constructed entirely of wood even to the pilings and it extended five hundred feet out into the ocean. The pier was constructed by the Hermosa Beach Land and Water Company. In 1913 this old pier was partly washed away and later torn down and a new one built to replace it. This pier was built of concrete 1,000 feet (300 m) long, and paved with asphalt its entire length. Small tiled pavilions were erected at intervals along the sides to afford shade for fishermen and picnic parties. A bait stand was built eventually out on the end. Soon after, about 1914, an auditorium building was constructed; it has housed various enterprises and at present the public rest rooms, the Los Angeles Life Guard Service, and the local branch of the Los Angeles County Public Library occupy rooms in the building. This pier is municipally owned.

The Los Angeles Pacific Railway, a "trolley" system, was the first railway in Hermosa Beach, running the entire length of Hermosa Ave. on its way from L.A. to Redondo Beach. A few years later it was merged with most all other "trolley" companies in the region to form the new Pacific Electric Railway Company, informally called the Red Cars. http://www.erha.org/pewrbdr.htm

The Santa Fe Railway was next through Hermosa Beach. It was seven blocks from the beach. The street that led to the tracks was called Santa Fe Avenue, but was later renamed Pier Avenue. There was no Santa Ferailway station for Hermosa, but Burbank and Baker built a railway platform on the west side of the tracks near Santa Fe Avenue, and later the Railroad Company donated an old boxcar to be used as a storage place for freight. In 1926, the Santa Fe Company built a modern stucco depot and installed Western Union telegraph service in it.

The first city election for city officers was held December 24, 1906. On January 14, 1907, Hermosa Beach became the nineteenth incorporated city of Los Angeles County.

The name Hermosa comes from Spanish and means "beautiful."[6]

Geography[edit]

Pier Plaza in downtown Hermosa Beach

Hermosa Beach is located at 33°51′59″N 118°23′59″W / 33.86639°N 118.39972°W / 33.86639; -118.39972 (33.866314, -118.399681).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

Hermosa Beach, California
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3
 
70
49
 
 
3.1
 
70
50
 
 
2.4
 
71
51
 
 
0.6
 
73
54
 
 
0.2
 
75
57
 
 
0.1
 
77
60
 
 
0
 
80
63
 
 
0.1
 
82
65
 
 
0.3
 
81
64
 
 
0.4
 
75
59
 
 
1.1
 
72
53
 
 
1.8
 
70
48
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Weather.com / NWS

Average air temperature - (Summer 76 °F (23.3 °C)/ Winter, 60 °F (12.7 °C))

Average water temperature - 65 °F (15.5 °C) (Summer 72 °F (20 °C)/ Winter 59 °F (10 °C))

Hermosa Beach has an average of 325 days of sunshine a year.[8] Because of its location, nestled on a vast open bay (Santa Monica Bay), morning fog and haze is a common phenomenon in May, June and early July (caused by ocean temperature variations and currents). Locals have a particular terminology for this phenomenon: the "May Gray" and the "June Gloom". Overcast skies are common for June mornings, but usually the strong sun burns the fog off by noon.[9] Nonetheless, it will sometimes stay cloudy and cool all day during June, even as other parts of the Los Angeles area will enjoy sunny skies and warmer temperatures. At times, the sun shines east of PCH, while the beach area is overcast.

As a general rule, the temperature is from 10 to 20 degrees Fahrenheit cooler than it is inland. A typical spring day (mid-April) is sunny, pleasant and about 73 °F (23 °C). In the summer, which stretches basically from May to late October, temperatures can reach to the 90's Fahrenheit (about 32 °C) at the beach. In early November, it is about 74 °F (23 °C). In late January, temperatures are around 70 °F (21 °C). It is winter, however, when the hot, dry Santa Ana winds are most common. In mid-December 2004, temperatures soared to 84 °F (28 °C) in Santa Monica, for a few straight days, with perfectly sunny skies. It is not uncommon for the coast to experience hot temperatures (85F+/30C+), as it happen every year on multiple occasions. For example the 2013/14 winter season recorded 10 days with daily highs at or above 85 F / 30 C.

The rainy season is from late October through late March. Winter storms usually approach from the northwest and pass quickly through the Southland. There is very little rain during the rest of the year.

Hermosa Beach usually enjoys a cool breeze blowing in from the ocean, keeping the air fresh and clean. Therefore, smog is less a problem for Hermosa Beach than elsewhere around Los Angeles.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[10] reported that Hermosa Beach had a population of 19,506. The population density was 13,673.6 people per square mile (5,279.4/km²). The racial makeup of Hermosa Beach was 16,928 (86.8%) White (80.9% Non-Hispanic White),[11] 229 (1.2%) African American, 49 (0.3%) Native American, 1,111 (5.7%) Asian, 46 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 325 (1.7%) from other races, and 818 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,632 persons (8.4%).

The Census reported that 19,491 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 11 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 4 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 9,550 households, out of which 1,878 (19.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,254 (34.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 460 (4.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 325 (3.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 710 (7.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 64 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,644 households (38.2%) were made up of individuals and 606 (6.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.04. There were 4,039 families (42.3% of all households); the average family size was 2.80.

The population was spread out with 3,093 people (15.9%) under the age of 18, 1,242 people (6.4%) aged 18 to 24, 8,516 people (43.7%) aged 25 to 44, 4,898 people (25.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,757 people (9.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.0 years. For every 100 females there were 111.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.1 males.

There were 10,162 housing units at an average density of 7,123.5 per square mile (2,750.4/km²), of which 4,255 (44.6%) were owner-occupied, and 5,295 (55.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.4%. 10,083 people (51.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 9,408 people (48.2%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Hermosa Beach had a median household income of $100,696, with 3.5% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [12]

2000[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 18,566 people, 9,476 households, and 3,553 families residing in the city. The population density was 12,982.4 inhabitants per square mile (5,012.8/km²). There were 9,840 housing units at an average density of 6,880.7 per square mile (2,656.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.58% White, 0.80% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 4.40% Asian, 0.22% Pacific Islander, 1.68% from other races, and 2.91% from two or more races. 4.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,476 households out of which 14.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.6% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 62.5% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.95 and the average family size was 2.65.

In the city the population was spread out with 12.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 55.0% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 112.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $81,153, and the median income for a family was $104,645. Males had a median income of $67,407 versus $50,295 for females. The per capita income for the city was $54,244. About 1.7% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

There are eight hotels and one youth hostel in the city.

Ethnic composition


  • These were the ten cities or neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of white residents, according to the 2000 census:[14]

Economy[edit]

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[15] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees  % of Total City Employment
1 24 Hour Fitness 187 4.64%
2 City of Hermosa Beach 183 4.54%
3 Vons 131 3.25%
4 Hope Chapel Shorewood Realtors, Incorporated 92 2.28%
5 Shorewood Realtors 87 2.16%
6 Ralphs 64 1.59%
7 Hermosa Beach School District 62 1.54%
8 Patrick Molloy's 58 1.44%
9 Intensive Behavior Intervention 55 1.37%
10 The Comedy & Magic Club 52 1.29%

Cost of living[edit]

6th and The Strand Hermosa Beach

The beautiful beach lifestyle comes at a price: according to public data from the LA Times, real estate prices increased almost 20% per year between 1999 and 2005.[citation needed] Properties within short walking distance of the ocean routinely sell for well over US$1.5 million. Those with direct, unhindered views routinely ask in excess of $2 million. Money Magazine ranks communities in the area as some of the most expensive places to live in America. Homes located on The Strand frequently sell for $3–10 million. The home pictured to the right sold in 2003 for $8,100,000. The average 3-bed 2-bath home costs about $649 per square foot or $1,500,000 as of 2006.[citation needed]

West of PCH single homes mix with apartments, some have sunset views. East of PCH, the hills rise into upper-middle-class neighborhoods of tract homes with custom touches. Since the 1980s gentrification has set in, and many single-family dwellings and apartment buildings have been razed for condominiums. Multiple housing units dominate slightly over single family homes.

Arts and culture[edit]

Hermosa Beach Pier Surfer Statue
Hermosa Beach sunset concert
  • HermosaBeach.org City of Hermosa Beach Event Calendar
  • Fiesta Hermosa Arts and crafts festival which has taken place for the last 35 years every Memorial Day and Labor Day weekend
  • SouthBayEvents.com The locals' weekly entertainment and activities guide to Hermosa Beach.
  • Hermosa Ironman Unofficial triathlon every July 4, consisting of running a mile in the sand, paddling a mile on a surfboard, and downing a 6-pack of beer. Then keeping it down for 20 minutes.
  • AVP Hermosa Beach Open Started in 1969 and typically in June. Attracts combinations of pros and near pros. It's best to know a local to get in.
  • Hermosa Beach Film Festival Started in 2005 and typically in August. Short films from each year are chosen to be screened at the Hermosa Beach Playhouse
  • International Surf Festival Surfing, Paddleboarding, Pier to Pier Swim Events. Beginning of August
  • Hennessey's Paddle Board Festival U.S. Paddleboard Championships. Typically in July.
  • Hermosa Beach Sunset Concert free concert series from bands who perform on the beach. Starts July 31 - Aug. 21 (4 Weeks)
  • Farmers' Market Every Friday from 12 noon to 4 pm, rain or shine. (Valley Drive between 8th and 10th Streets)
  • Sand and Strand Run The second oldest standing run in the L.A. area. Unique is its course design, with 45% of the run on the Strand and 55% on the beach. February during low tide.
  • Shakespeare by the Sea- the South Bay's free Shakespeare in the Park company. Performances run June through August in a variety of venues in Los Angeles and Orange County. Shakespeare by the Sea
  • The Lighthouse Cafe, a seminal West Coast jazz venue, is located in Hermosa Beach.
  • The Hermosa Beach Community Drum Circle occurs every third Sunday of the month from noon-3pm at Hermosa Pier.
  • The Comedy and Magic Club where comedian Jay Leno has been performing since 1978.[16]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The wide flat beach makes Hermosa Beach one of the most popular places to play beach volleyball, from professional to amateur. Hermosa Beach is home to the AVP Hermosa Beach Open tournament, and several amateur CBVA tournaments during the year. The Strand stretches north into Manhattan Beach and south into Redondo Beach and is a popular place for walkers, joggers and biking. Of the three Beach Cities, only Hermosa Beach owns its own beach. The other two cities' beaches are owned by the county of Los Angeles.

Running parallel to The Strand is a lovely linear trail known today as the Hermosa Valley Greenbelt. Once part of a railroad easement, this narrow 24-acre (97,000 m2) strip had long been the subject of heated controversy and pressure from various commercial interests. After years of litigation and wrangling, the city was poised to permit intensive retail and condominium development in the mid-1980s when a grassroots group spearheaded by activist Rosamond Fogg forced the matter to a vote. The City Council at the time was divided over whether the matter was of much importance but after an energetic and passionate campaign, the citizens found that the greenbelt was a vital recreational resource and mandated its preservation for the use and enjoyment of residents and visitors. This ballot initiative passed by almost 87%, the highest in California history.[citation needed] The previous November the public approved a referendum increasing the utility user's tax by 4% to help pay for the purchase.[citation needed] As a result, the Hermosa Valley Greenbelt has the quality of a rural country lane, home to butterflies and many bird and animal species. At any time of day or night joggers and walkers enjoy its soft woodchip trails and graceful landscaping. The Greenbelt is also now part of the Federal Rails to Trails network. RUDAT (an urban architectural planning group) found that Hermosa Beach, thanks in large part to the existence of the Greenbelt, was a "world class pedestrian city".

The city also has eight other parks:

  • Cypress Park, also known as Clark Field (9th Street & Ardmore Avenue) - Baseball/Softball Diamond, Basketball and Tennis Courts
  • South Park (Valley Drive & 4th Street) - Children's play area, Roller Hockey Rink, Large open field for Soccer and Football
  • Bi-Centennial Park (4th Street & Ardmore)
  • Fort Lots-o-Fun (6th Street & Prospect)
  • Noble Park (The Strand & 14th Street)
  • Edith Rodaway Friendship Park (Prospect Avenue between Gentry & Hollowell)
  • Valley Park (Valley Drive & Gould Avenue)
  • Kay Etow Park (Herondo Street and Monterey Boulevard)

Other facilities:

  • Skateboard Park - Pier Avenue and Ardmore Avenue
  • Roller Hockey rink (South Park) - 4th and Valley Drive is frequently used for friendly pick-up games and league matches.
  • Basketball (Cypress Park) - Two outdoor courts on 9th and Valley Drive
  • Baseball/Softball (Cypress Park)- Lighted field with lights on 9th and Valley Drive behind the basketball and tennis courts
  • Tennis - Lighted courts on 10th and Valley / Ardmore
  • Skateboarding Park - Lighted park behind the Hermosa Beach Playhouse
  • Lawn Bowling Club is located next to Clark Building at 861 Valley Drive, Hermosa Beach. Open to the public and they furnish equipment and instruction to beginners. The club was founded in 1936, when Mayor John Clark obtained the approval of the City Council to install a green at his own expense. In 1958, a clubhouse was donated and in 1963 a second green was laid. In the 1960s, over 150 bowlers could be seen all dressed in white. When membership waned, the second green was lost to the basketball court. The club is informal and seeks new members.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $32.4 million in Revenues, $33.9 million in expenditures, $93.8 million in total assets, $12.2 million in total liabilities, and $23.0 million in cash and investments.[15]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[15]

City Department Director
Administration (City Manager) Tom Bakaly
Finance Viki Copeland
Community Development Ken Robertson
Community Resources Diane Strickfaden
Personnel and Risk Manager Diane Strickfaden
Police Chief Sharon Papa
Public Works Frank Senteno
Fire Chief David Lantzer

The Beach Cities Health District,[17] provides health and wellness services to the residents of Hermosa Beach, Manhattan Beach, and Redondo Beach. The voters of the three beach cities elect the 5-member Board of Directors to 4-year terms. One of 78 California Health Districts,[18] it was created in 1955 as South Bay Hospital and took on its current name in 1993. Beach Cities Health District opened AdventurePlex,[19] a Manhattan Beach fitness center for kids and their families, in 2002. Filled with mazes, tunnels, outdoor rock climbing walls, complex ropes courses, and an indoor gym, AdventurePlex challenges children physically and intellectually in health-focused recreational activities.

The United States Postal Service Hermosa Beach Post Office is located at 565 Pier Avenue.[20]

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Hermosa Beach is located in the 26th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ted Lieu, and in the 66th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Al Muratsuchi. Federally, Hermosa Beach is located in California's 33rd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +12[21] and is represented by Democrat Henry Waxman.

In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama won 61% of the vote compared to 36% for John McCain.[22]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Hermosa Beach has its own elementary school and middle school but high school students are served by either Manhattan Beach or Redondo Beach where rankings are in the 80 to 90th percentiles. Hermosa Beach residents are zoned to Hermosa Beach City School District for grades Kindergarten through 8. Before Proposition 13 passed, Hermosa Beach had five elementary schools (North, South, Hermosa View, Prospect Heights, Valley Vista) and one junior high school (Pier Avenue).

In 2005, Hermosa Valley and Hermosa View schools were honored as U.S. Department of Education National Blue Ribbon Schools, along with 33 California schools and less than 300 schools across the nation. The award was based on academic achievement. Hermosa schools are among the top 10% of schools in the state with students scoring at or above the 90% in the highest grade tested in reading and math. For the award, the Department of Education reviewed growth in scores over a three-year period.

The district has two schools:

At the high school level, public school students can choose between two schools:

The Hermosa Beach City School District as a whole received a score of 915[23] on the 2006 California Academic Performance Index, neighboring Manhattan Beach Unified School District scored just below at 906[24] making it one of California's best performing districts. Each individual school also ranks at the top of its respective category.

School 2006 API Score
Hermosa View Elementary 950
Hermosa Valley Elementary 910
Mira Costa High School 852

Private schools[edit]

Hermosa Beach also has a private school:

  • Our Lady of Guadalupe, a Catholic school with classes up to the eighth grade. Although it is a religious school, there is no convent so most classes are taught by lay persons. Religious studies and services are provided by Franciscan friars and priests.

At one point the International Bilingual School, a Japanese preparatory school for grades K-9, moved to Hermosa Beach. In 1992 the school moved to Palos Verdes Estates.[25]

Ocean Lifeguard[edit]

The Los Angeles County Fire Department has a sectional lifeguard headquarters located at the Hermosa Beach Pier since the new building opened its doors since 2006, currently commanded by Capt. Tracy Lizzotte who leads the entire "TEAM HB" as part of "TEAM SOUTH" in the L.A. County Lifeguard. Currently located at 1200 The Strand housed a lifeguard garage where response vehicles have parked.

Media[edit]

In addition to the Los Angeles Times, Hermosa Beach is served by the hometown Easy Reader, local daily the Daily Breeze and local weekly the Beach Reporter. The most popular local sites are EasyReaderNews.com and SouthBayEvents.com, which offers a weekly entertainment guide, as well as a full local business listing. The TV show Summerland was partly filmed here.

Notable people[edit]

Trivia[edit]

Segments of the television show The O.C. were filmed in Hermosa Beach (and more in neighboring Redondo Beach), not Newport Beach. This was necessary because of union rules that make it expensive to film outside of Los Angeles County.[30]

In the late 1970s the hardcore punk band Black Flag emerged from Hermosa Beach, and played their first show at Valley Park. The infamous "church" profiled in The Decline of Western Civilization was on Pier Avenue, though it has since been torn down. Black Flag paved the way for the Circle Jerks in 1979.

The melodic hardcore band Descendents also appeared in Hermosa Beach in 1978. It paved the way for well known punk band Pennywise in 1988.

An episode of Gilmore Girls (Season 4, Episode 17: Girls in Bikinis, Boys Doin' the Twist) was filmed at the Sea Sprite Inn where Rory went to "Florida" for spring break.

In the film "Jackie Brown" by Quentin Tarantino the arms dealer Ordell Robbie, played by Samuel Jackson, kept his mistress Melanie, played by Bridget Fonda, in a beachfront condo in Hermosa Beach.

Sister city[edit]

Hermosa Beach has been the sister city of Loreto, Baja California Sur, since 1967.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Hermosa Beach, California". City of Hermosa Beach, California. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  3. ^ "City Council - City of Hermosa Beach, CA". Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  4. ^ U.S. Census
  5. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  6. ^ "Profile for Hermosa Beach, California, CA". ePodunk. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Los Angeles, California, United States of America". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 2009-08-13. 
  9. ^ "Santa Barbara.com: June Gloom". SantaBarbara.com. Retrieved 2009-08-13. 
  10. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  11. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0633364.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0633364.html
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ [1] "White," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  15. ^ a b c City of Hermosa Beach CAFR
  16. ^ http://www.cbsnews.com/news/jay-leno-on-leaving-the-tonight-show/
  17. ^ Beach Cities Health District
  18. ^ List of California Health Districts
  19. ^ AdventurePlex
  20. ^ "Post Office Location - HERMOSA BEACH." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  21. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  22. ^ "job347B7B46.dat" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-07-08. 
  23. ^ http://api.cde.ca.gov/APIBase2006/2006Grth_Dst.aspx?cYear=2005-06&allcds=1964600&cChoice=2004BApiD api.cde.ca.gov
  24. ^ http://api.cde.ca.gov/APIBase2006/2006Grth_dst.aspx?cYear=&allcds=1975333&cChoice=2006GDst1 api.cde.gov
  25. ^ Hillinger, Charles. "Students Get a Japanese Education at 2 Palos Verdes Schools." Los Angeles Times. September 29, 1994. Retrieved on March 6, 2014.
  26. ^ "Rachel Hunter and Jarret Stoll pay $3.645M for a house in Hermosa Beach, CA", September 21, 2007
  27. ^ "After 'Hot Legs' Rod, Rachel looks set to marry her much younger ice man". Daily Mail (London). 2008-08-10. 
  28. ^ Neff, Kristen Jones. "Wonderful Women Winemakers". Edible. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  29. ^ "Raymond Pettibon | Art21". PBS. Retrieved 2013-07-08. 
  30. ^ The O.C. Filming Locations

External links[edit]