Herndon, Virginia

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Herndon, Virginia
Town
Town of Herndon
Herndon, VA.jpg
Official seal of Herndon, Virginia
Seal
Location of Herndon in Fairfax County, Virginia
Location of Herndon in Fairfax County, Virginia
Coordinates: 38°58′17″N 77°23′19″W / 38.97139°N 77.38861°W / 38.97139; -77.38861Coordinates: 38°58′17″N 77°23′19″W / 38.97139°N 77.38861°W / 38.97139; -77.38861
Country United States
State Virginia
County Fairfax
Settled 1858
Government
 • Type Town
 • Mayor Lisa Merkel
Area
 • Total 4.2 sq mi (10.9 km2)
 • Land 4.2 sq mi (10.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 361 ft (112 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 23,292
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 20170
Area code(s) 703, 571
FIPS code 51-36648[1]
GNIS feature ID 1495675[2]
Website http://www.herndon-va.gov

Herndon is a town in Fairfax County, Virginia, in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area of the United States. The population was 23,292 at the 2010 census, which makes it the largest of three towns in the county.[3]

History[edit]

Herndon was named for Commander William Lewis Herndon, American naval explorer and author of Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon. Commander Herndon captained the ill-fated steamer SS Central America, going down with his ship while helping to save over 150 of its passengers and crew. The settlement was named Herndon in 1858. In the 1870s, many Northern soldiers and their families came to settle in the area, taking advantage of moderate climate and low land prices. Herndon also offered a group of friendly and local native Americans who helped the town to prosper via trade and instruction.[4]

Originally part of the rural surroundings of the Washington, D.C. area, the town of Herndon developed into a hub of dairy farming and vacationing for area residents, aided by its presence along the Alexandria, Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad (later to become the Washington and Old Dominion (W&OD) Railroad).[4] When the railroad was converted into a hike-and-bike trail, Herndon capitalized on history and small-town feel (in a major metropolitan region) by converting its train station into a museum and visitors center by relocating a Norfolk Southern Railway caboose to a nearby site and repainting it in W&OD livery.[5]

Although the caboose itself never traveled through Herndon, it remains an iconic part of the downtown area that both locals and tourists visit daily.[5] The caboose and station offer a glimpse of the original downtown's historic charm, which residents are passionate about preserving.[5]

On January 14, 2004, the Town of Herndon commemorated its 125th anniversary.[6]

The town of Herndon was part of a nationally reported controversy involving illegal immigration beginning in 2005.[7] The controversy revolved around a day labor center called the Herndon Official Worker Center (HOW Center), operated by Reston Interfaith's Project Hope and Harmony under a grant from surrounding Fairfax County.[8] The HOW Center was created in response to daily gatherings of Hispanic workers at a local 7-Eleven store.[7][9]

The 2006 election for Mayor and Town Council revolved mainly around the issue, and resulted in unseating the pro-center Mayor and two councilmembers.[10] The center closed after less than two years of operation, in September 2007.

Geography[edit]

Herndon is located at 38°58′17″N 77°23′19″W / 38.97139°N 77.38861°W / 38.97139; -77.38861 (38.971478, −77.388675)[11].

Boundaries of Herndon as of 2000 (U.S. Census Bureau)

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.2 square miles (10.9 km²), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 795
1900 692 −13.0%
1910 802 15.9%
1920 953 18.8%
1930 887 −6.9%
1940 1,046 17.9%
1950 1,461 39.7%
1960 1,960 34.2%
1970 4,301 119.4%
1980 11,449 166.2%
1990 16,139 41.0%
2000 21,655 34.2%
2010 23,292 7.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 23,292 people, 7,472 households, and 5,357 families residing in the town. The population density was 5,129.9 people per square mile (1,981.3/km²). There were 7,190 housing units at an average density of 1,703.3 per square mile (657.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 50.7% White, 9.5% Black, 0.7% Native American, 17.9% Asian (8.5% Indian, 1.6% Vietnamese, 1.5% Chinese, 1.2% Filipino, 0.7% Korean, 0.1% Japanese, 4.2% Other Asian), 0.0% Pacific Islander, 16.0% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.6% of the population.

There were 6,962 households, of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.6% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.11 and the average family size was 3.54.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 38.3% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 3.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 111.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $72,912, and the median income for a family was $79,140 (these figures had risen to $92,947 and $108,446 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[12]). Males had a median income of $44,197 versus $35,548 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,941. About 4.7% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The Center for Innovative Technology building, between Herndon and Dulles airport

Herndon is part of the Dulles Technology Corridor, which Fortune magazine named the "Netplex" because of the presence of the headquarters of such companies as AOL, XO Communications, Verizon Business (formerly MCI, formerly WorldCom, originally UUNET), and Network Solutions, which began as the INTERNIC – the registry where every domain name was once administered.

Some of those companies are within Herndon. Others have Herndon mailing addresses, but are located in unincorporated Fairfax or Loudoun counties, e.g., south of the Dulles Toll Road. These include Deltek and K12.

Top employers[edit]

According to the Town's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the Town are:[13]

# Employer # of Employees
1 Booz Allen Hamilton 500+
2 SCORE Association 500+
3 ITT Exelis 249–499
4 Northwest Federal Credit Union 249–499
5 REI Systems 249–499
6 Boeing 249–499
7 Worldgate Sport & Health 249–499
8 Air Line Pilots Association 100–250
9 MTS Transportation 100–250
10 Parsons Brinckerhoff 100–250

Government[edit]

The town is organized as an incorporated town by the Commonwealth of Virginia,[14][15] and is governed by an elected Mayor and Town Council[16] who serve on a part-time basis. The current Mayor is Lisa C. Merkel, who was first elected to Council in 2010 and served as Vice Mayor until her election as Mayor in 2012. The Mayor chairs the Council and heads the executive branch of the town government. The Police Department, independent of the county police department, is headed by Colonel Maggie DeBoard. and consists of 56 sworn officers along with the assistance of the Herndon Police Citizen Support Team. The Herndon Police Department achieved national recognition on November 8, 1986 by becoming the 7th police agency in Virginia and the 42nd police agency in the United States to be accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies.[17]

Attractions[edit]

Herndon boasts a wide variety of diversions and celebrations year round. Among the community events are:

May Friday Night Live! (free concerts May–August), Farmers' Market (May–October), Towne Square Singers, Big Truck Days, Public Works Forest and Meadow Wildflower Walk
June Herndon Festival, held for four days
July Fourth of July celebrations and fireworks
September Labor Day Jazz Festival, Annual Motorcycle Poker Run (Fraternal Order of Police), Annual NatureFest Celebration

Herndon contains the Herndon Depot Museum, the site of "Mosby's Raid on Herndon Station", which was a Civil War skirmish that took place on St. Patrick's Day, 1863. Also within the town is The Herndon Centennial Golf Course, the Herndon ArtSpace (a community art gallery), community center with basketball and racquetball courts and multiple baseball fields, and an aquatic center. Adjacent to the community center is Bready Park, with indoor tennis courts. Additionally, every residence within the town borders is within a mile or less of a public park.

Nearby attractions include the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center of the National Air and Space Museum (which houses the Enola Gay B-29 Superfortress, a Concorde supersonic passenger airplane, an SR-71A Blackbird plane and the Space Shuttle Discovery), Frying Pan Park, Sully Plantation, Reston Town Center, Mount Vernon, Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts, Colvin Run Mill, Aldie Mill, Oatlands Plantation, Manassas National Battlefield Park and the Washington and Old Dominion Trail (which runs through the town).

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Herndon is within the Fairfax County Public Schools district.

Public schools serving students within the Herndon town limits are:[18][19][20]

Private school options include Nysmith School for the Gifted, Temple Baptist, St Joseph's Elementary and several Montessori schools.

Public libraries[edit]

Fairfax County Public Library operates the Herndon Fortnightly Library in Herndon.[21]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Herndon has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[22]

Famous residents[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Its sister city is Runnymede, Surrey, England, United Kingdom.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Virginia by Place – GCT-PH1. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010". US Census Bureau. April 1, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Herndon History". Town of Herndon, Virginia. January 18, 2006. Archived from the original on September 26, 2006. Retrieved October 7, 2006. 
  5. ^ a b c Munro, Charles V. (October 19, 2005). "A history of Herndon through the Washington & Old Dominion Trail.". Herndon Connection (Alexandria, Virginia: Connectionnewspapers.com). Retrieved December 27, 2009. 
  6. ^ "HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 327". Virginia Legislative Assembly. January 29, 2004. 
  7. ^ a b Brush, Silla (October 24, 2005). "Local Labor Pains: America's immigration debate lands on Main Street". US News & World Report. Retrieved February 10, 2008. 
  8. ^ Project Hope and Harmony (archived 2006-09-07; 2006-12-29; 2007-04-15; 2007-06-11)[dead link]
  9. ^ Gilbert, Daniel (15 December 2005). "Day laborer center opens in Herndon". Potomac News (Media General). 
  10. ^ "'Minutemen' Open New Front in Fight Against Illegal Immigration: Citizen Group Targets Illegal Laborers Where They Work". ABC News. November 2, 2005. Retrieved February 10, 2008. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Herndon town, Virginia – Fact Sheet – American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  13. ^ "Town of Herndon CAFR". Retrieved 2013-04-01. 
  14. ^ "Code of Ordinances – Town of Herndon, Virginia; Charter, Chapter 2, Powers". Town of Herndon. Retrieved October 7, 2006. 
  15. ^ "Code of Virginia, Title 15.2 – Counties, Cities and Towns, Chapter 11 – Powers of Cities and Towns". Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved October 7, 2006. 
  16. ^ "Code of Ordinances – Town of Herndon, Virginia; Charter, Chapter 3, Mayor and Council". Town of Herndon. Retrieved October 7, 2006. 
  17. ^ "Special News Release" (Microsoft Word) (Press release). Herndon Police Department. February 22, 2005. Retrieved October 7, 2006. 
  18. ^ "Schools and Centers Directory". Fairfax County Public Schools. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  19. ^ "About Herndon >> Herndon Public Schools". Town of Herndon. January 18, 2006. Archived from the original on January 18, 2008. Retrieved January 19, 2008. 
  20. ^ "Coates Elementary School". Fairfax County Public Schools. June 22, 2009. Retrieved July 4, 2009. 
  21. ^ "Library Branches." Fairfax County Public Library. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  22. ^ Climate Summary for Herndon, Virginia
  23. ^ "Runnymede's Town Twinning Association". Runnymede Borough Council. Retrieved October 4, 2006. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Herndon, Virginia at Wikimedia Commons