Hero of Labour
||This article duplicates, in whole or part, the scope of other articles, specifically, Hero of Socialist Labour (USSR). (May 2013)|
The Soviet Union started awarding the official honorary title of a "Hero of Socialist Labour" (Russian: Герой Социалистического Труда) in 1938. Four years earlier the Soviets had introduced the Hero of the Soviet Union.
The title Hero of Socialist Labour was founded by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union on December 27, 1938.
Originally, Heroes of Socialist Labour were awarded the highest decoration of the Soviet Union, the Order of Lenin and a certificate from the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. In order to distinguish the Heroes of Socialist Labour from other Order of Lenin recipients, the "Hammer and Sickle" gold medal was introduced by decree of the Presidium on May 22, 1940, to accompany the Order of Lenin and the certificate.
The institution of a Hero of Labour or Hero of Socialist Labour was introduced in a number of communist nations. In most of these countries the Russian system of single-class or classless Socialist Orders of Merit in three degrees was copied. These countries often chose to emulate the Russian design of little golden stars on small ribbons contained within golden clasps.
In the 1970s there were Heroes of Labour and Heroes of the Nation in most of the countries of the Warsaw Pact and in the Soviet satellites in America (Cuba), Africa and Asia. After the fall of communism most of these orders were abolished.
- Hero of Socialist Labour (Albania), honorary title in Albania
- Hero of Socialist Labour (Bulgaria), honorary title in Bulgaria
- Hero of Labour (Czechoslovakia) in Czechoslovakia
- Hero of Labour (GDR) in East Germany
- Hero of Labour (North-Korea) in North Korea
- Hero of Socialist Labour (Romania), honorary title in Romania (1951–1989)
- Hero of Socialist Labour (USSR) in the USSR
- Hero of Labour (Vietnam) in Vietnam
- Order of the Hero of Socialist Labour, state decoration in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
- Ryazan affair
- "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 27, 1938" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1938-12-27. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
- "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of May 22, 1940" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1940-05-22. Retrieved 2012-02-25.