Herod of Chalcis

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Coin of Herod of Chalcis, showing Herod of Chalcis with brother Agrippa of Judaea crowning Roman Emperor Claudius I.

Herod of Chalcis (d. 48-49 AD), also known as Herod V, (the Jewish Encyclopedia lists him as "Herod II")[1] was a son of Aristobulus IV, and the grandson of Herod the Great, Roman client king of Judaea. He was the brother of Herod Agrippa I and Herodias.

Life[edit]

His first wife was his cousin, Mariamne.[2] She bore him a son named Aristobulus, who eventually became ruler of Chalcis.

After Mariamne's death, he married his niece Berenice, with whom he had two sons, Berenicianus and Hyrcanus.[1]

Around 41 AD, at the request of his brother, Herod Agrippa, emperor Claudius granted him the rule of Chalcis, a kingdom north of Judaea, as tetrarch. Three years later, after the death of his brother, he was also given responsibility for the Temple in Jerusalem, as well as the appointment of the Temple's High Priest. During the four years in which he exercised this right he appointed two high priests—Joseph, the son of Carnus, and Ananias was appointed by him.[1]

He died in 48 AD. After his death the kingdom was given to Herod Agrippa II.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "HEROD II. - JewishEncyclopedia.com". jewishencyclopedia.com. 
  2. ^ The daughter of Joseph ben Joseph (nephew of Herod) and Herod's daughter Olympias, who was the sister of Herod Archelaus and Herod Antipas. See Antiquites XVIII 5:4.
Herod of Chalcis
New title Tetrarch of Chalcis
– 48 AD
Succeeded by
Agrippa II