Herr, deine Augen sehen nach dem Glauben, BWV 102

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Herr, deine Augen sehen nach dem Glauben
BWV 102
Church cantata by J.S. Bach
Thomaskirche-1885.png
Related Missa in G minor, BWV 235
Occasion Tenth Sunday after Trinity
Performed 25 August 1726 (1726-08-25) – Leipzig
Movements 7 in 2 parts
Cantata text anonymous
Bible text
Chorale by Johann Heermann
Vocal
  • SATB choir
  • solo: alto, tenor and bass
Instrumental

Herr, deine Augen sehen nach dem Glauben (Lord, Your eyes look for faith),[1] BWV 102, is a church cantata written by Johann Sebastian Bach in 1726 in Leipzig for the tenth Sunday after Trinity, first performed on 25 August 1726.

History and text[edit]

The cantata of Bach's third annual cycle in Leipzig was written for the tenth Sunday after Trinity.[2] The prescribed readings for the Sunday were from the First Epistle to the Corinthians, different gifts, but one spirit (1 Corinthians 12:1–11), and from the Gospel of Luke, Jesus announcing the destruction of Jerusalem and cleansing of the Temple (Luke 19:41–48). The words of the cantata are only generally connected to the readings, asking the soul to return immediately to God's ways. Two movements are based on Bible words, the opening chorus on Jeremiah 5:3, movement 4 on Romans 2:4–5. The cantata is closed by verses 6 and 7 of the hymn "So wahr ich lebe, spricht dein Gott" by Johann Heermann (1630), sung on the melody of Martin Luther's "Vater unser im Himmelreich" based on the Lord's Prayer.[2] The words of the free poetry have been attributed to different authors: C.S. Terry suggests Christian Weiss Sr, Werner Neumann suggests Christiana Mariana von Ziegler, and Walther Blankenburg suggests Christoph Helm.

Bach first performed the cantata on 25 August 1726 and again around 1737.[2]

Scoring and structure[edit]

The cantata is scored for alto, tenor and bass soloists and a four-part choir (SATB), flauto traverso, two oboes, two violins, viola, and basso continuo. The seven movements are structured in two parts, part two to be performed after the sermon, in an unusual way not opened by the Bible words of movement 4.

  1. Chorus: Herr, deine Augen sehen nach dem Glauben
  2. Recitative (bass): Wo ist das Ebenbild, das Gott uns eingepräget
  3. Aria (alto): Weh der Seele, die den Schaden nicht mehr kennt
  4. Arioso (bass): Verachtest du den Reichtum seiner Gnade
Parte seconda
  1. Aria (tenor): Erschrecke doch, du allzu sichre Seele
  2. Recitative (alto): Beim Warten ist Gefahr
  3. Chorale: Heut lebst du, heut bekehre dich

Music[edit]

The opening chorus is a mature work containing an intricate combination of instrumental and vocal parts and a variety of expressive devices depicting the words. The opening sinfonia is in two parts which are repeated separately and together throughout the movement. The words Herr, deine Augen are repeated three times.[3] Bach used the music for the Kyrie of his Missa in G minor.[4]

The bass voice in movement 4, marked arioso by Bach himself, is treated similarly to the vox Christi, the voice of Jesus in Bach's Passions and cantatas.[2] The bass part has been recorded by singers who do not specialise in Baroque music, such as Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau with conductor Benjamin Britten at the Aldeburgh Festival.[5]

Recordings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dellal, Pamela. "BWV 102 – "Herr, deine Augen sehen nach dem Glauben"". Emmanuel Music. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d Dürr, Alfred (1981). Die Kantaten von Johann Sebastian Bach (in German) 1 (4 ed.). Deutscher Taschenbuchverlag. pp. 404–406. ISBN 3-423-04080-7. 
  3. ^ McHugh, Dominic (23 November 2008). "The Monteverdi Choir, The English Baroque Soloists/Sir John Eliot Gardiner (Soli Deo Gloria 147/150)". MusicalCriticism.com. Retrieved 3 August 2010. 
  4. ^ Chien, George (2008). "Bach: Cantatas Vol 5 / Gardiner, English Baroque Soloists". ArkivMusic. Retrieved 3 August 2010. 
  5. ^ "Benjamin Britten Bach Cantatas & Other Vocal Works". Bach Cantatas Website. 2006. Retrieved 3 August 2010. 

Sources[edit]

The first source is the score.

Several databases provide additional information on each cantata: