|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg died in Herrenhausen Castle and his grandson King George II of Great Britain was born there. During the Second World War the castle was completely destroyed in a British bombing on October 18, 1943.
In the early 2000s, The Volkswagen Foundation and the Hanoverian State eventually helped to fund the reconstruction and restoration of most of the palace complex's exteriors, including its spectacular gardens, and fountains, but the interior is entirely new museum space showcasing the regional history of Hannover. It remains today as one of Germany's largest tourist attractions and cultural icons.
- History of Herrenhausen: Artists
Herrenhausen is where the universal scholar and polymath Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646 – 1716) developed many of his world-changing ideas here in dialogue with Sophia of Hanover (1630–1714) and her daughter Sophie Charlotte (1670 – 1701). The spectrum of concepts developed by the European-wide well connected universal scholar ranged from the state of the art of his own day and age, to highly advanced ideas that were well ahead of their time.
- Herrenhausen Today
The state capital Hannover and the Volkswagen Foundation decided in 2009 that the time had come to rebuild the summer palace of the Guelph royal family which was destroyed during the second world war. With the resurrection of the Herrenhausen Palace – which will be used as a scientific congress center and museum – the Royal Gardens of Herrenhausen become reunited with their architectural centerpiece. Open Now!
The Herrenhausen Palace Museum as well as the new foyer for visitors of the museum and the gardens with pay desk, wardrobe and shop were recently opened. Visitors can enter the Great Garden through the Palace and the princely flower garden. The Palace is also the entrance to the Arne-Jacobsen foyer and the Herrenhausen Gallery while the entrance to the convention centre is in the western wing of the Palace.
The museum spreads over the eastern wing, the western wing and a connecting aisle with some 900 square metres. View of the newly opened Herrenhausen Palace Museum.
- The Garten Statue
The centrepiece, the [Great Garden], is the most important baroque garden in Europe and is a magnet for tourists from all over the world. Just like the ladies and gentlemen of the court in centuries gone by, visitors today can stroll around amidst opulently designed beds, splendid sculptures and artistically clipped, illuminated hedges. Water features can be heard babbling in hidden corners while the Great Fountain rises to an impressive height of 70 metres. Originally created by Electress Sophia as the Grand Jardin de la Leine, the Great Garden is one of the few baroque parks which has retained its basic structure until today.
- Grotte Herrenhausen
A phantasmagorical kaleidoscope of mirrors, coloured glass and pebbles, the Niki de Saint Phalle Grotto never fails to captivate visitors. This is where the world-famous artist paid her final tribute to the people of Hannover. The restoration of Herrenhausen Palace on the original courtyard in the Great Garden is a masterpiece of fine architecture.
The former home of the Guelph Dynasty with its neoclassical façade is now to be used as a modern conference centre for scientific events, a museum with exhibitions about the all-round genius Leibniz, and will also house the Guelph Museum. It is situated opposite the Hill Garden, a botanical garden which dates back to the mid-17th century and boasts an impressive display of exotic flowers all year round. Herrenhausen Gardens also include George Garden, which is designed like an English landscaped garden and is a popular destination for recreational outings.
- Cultural Events
KunstFestSpiele Herrenhausen is a summer festival which features diverse cultural events ranging from theatre to concerts and art installations. Between May and September, the world’s best pyrotechnic artists deliver spectacular firework displays which are timed to music during the International Fireworks Competitions.
- Garden Theatre
Designed in the style of an amphitheatre, the Garden Theatre provides a wonderful setting for open-air drama and musicals. Over 100 acrobats, mimes and musicians take part in the Little Festival in the Great Garden which has been staged throughout the spacious park on summer evenings for more than 25 years. When the temperatures become cooler, the Gallery and Orangery are popular venues for classical concerts and the Winter Variety Show.
- Opening Times
The Great Garden and the Berggarten botanical gardens open throughout the year at 9:00 am. They close at different times depending on the season. The museum opens daily in the summer season from 11:00 am to 6:00 pm. In the winter season (1 November to 31 March) the museum is open from Thursday to Sunday from 11:00 am to 4:00 pm.
- House of Welf (Guelph)