Herstmonceux

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Herstmonceux
Windmill Hill Mill.jpg
The windmill
Herstmonceux is located in East Sussex
Herstmonceux
Herstmonceux
 Herstmonceux shown within East Sussex
Area  24.7 km2 (9.5 sq mi) [1]
Population 2,598 (2007)[1]
   – density  273 /sq mi (105 /km2)
OS grid reference TQ635125
   – London  45 miles (72 km) SSE 
District Wealden
Shire county East Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HAILSHAM
Postcode district BN27
Dialling code 01323
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Bexhill and Battle
Website Herstmonceux Parish
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex

Coordinates: 50°53′N 0°19′E / 50.89°N 0.32°E / 50.89; 0.32

Herstmonceux (/ˌhɜrsmənˈz/ hurs-mən-ZOO or /-ˈs/ -SOO)[2] is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England. The parish includes Herstmonceux Castle, the village of Cowbeech and a number of smaller hamlets.

History[edit]

The name ’’Herstmonceux’’ comes from Anglo-Saxon hyrst, "wooded hill", plus the name of the Monceux family who were lords of the manor here in the 12th century.

Governance[edit]

The parish council consists of eleven elected members.

Geography[edit]

The village (previously called Gardner Street) is part of the larger Herstmonceux civil parish, which includes Cowbeech and the hamlets of Foul Mile, Trolliloes, Cowbeech Hill, Stunts Green, Ginger's Green, Flowers Green and part of Windmill Hill. Cowbeech village is located to the north-west of the parish.

Landmarks[edit]

Herstmonceux Castle
Former Royal Greenwich Observatory.

Herstmonceux Castle (some 2 miles (3.2 km) south-east of the village) is a former site of the Royal Greenwich Observatory. It is now home to the Bader International Study Centre of Queen's University, Kingston, Canada, and the area therefore enjoys an influx of Canadian and other international students each school year. The castle grounds are also home to the Observatory Science Centre, which is operated by Science Projects Limited, and the Herstmonceux Mediaeval Festival.[3]

There are two Sites of Special Scientific Interest within the Parish. Herstmonceux Park is of importance because of its wetland habitat and fen vegetation. It is the only known location of Milk Parsley Peucedanum palustre in the south-east.[4] The second site, Pevensey Levels, lies partially in the parish. The site is of biological interest consisting of low-lying grazing meadows, hosting a wide variety of wetland flora and fauna.[5]

Education[edit]

Education is provided at Herstmonceux CE Primary School.[6]

Religion[edit]

All Saints (Church of England) parish church,[7] with its 12th century west tower and 13th/14th century nave, overlooks the Castle. Herstmonceux Congregational Church, located just outside the village on the way to the castle, was erected in 1811 and is now a listed building.

Economy[edit]

The Herstmonceux area is famous for the making of trugs – baskets made from split willow boards set in an ash or chestnut frame. A number of local people continue this tradition.

Leisure[edit]

The Herstmonceux Medieval Festival is held annually in August.[8]

Twinning[edit]

The village is twinned with Varengeville-sur-Mer, in Normandy, France.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  2. ^ Roach & Hartman, eds (1997) English Pronouncing Dictionary, 15th edition. (Cambridge University Press). p. 234
  3. ^ The Observatory Science Centre, Herstmonceux
  4. ^ "Natural England – SSSI (Herstmonceux Park)". English Nature. Retrieved 2008-10-10. 
  5. ^ "Natural England – SSSI (Pevensey Levels)". English Nature. Retrieved 2008-10-10. 
  6. ^ Primary school
  7. ^ All Saints church
  8. ^ Herstmonceux Medieval Festival
  9. ^ http://www.herstmonceuxparish.org.uk/

External links[edit]