Hertzogville lies about an hour and half from three main cities, Bloemfontein, Kimberley and Welkom. The town was established in 1915 on the Donkerfontein Farm, and acquired municipal status in 1924. Hertzogville is a small farming community that mainly speaks Afrikaans. Other languages that are spoken are Sotho and Tswana and some Xhosa. The town lies in the heart of the "bread basket" of the country, in the Orange Free State, and very near to the centre of South Africa. Farming is the main industry and accounts for most of the income of the district. Maize, wheat and groundnuts are the principal crops. Sheep and cattle farming are also important.
An agricultural show is staged annually in March/April with many farm animals and farming equipment on display. There are also many local recreational activities like quad biking, horse riding, hunting, games for children and a dance on one evening, usually with popular singers of South Africa.
According to information handed down[who?], the property on which Hertzogville was built was sold to the town subject to the proviso that a hotel was not allowed to be built within the town's boundaries for a hundred years after sale of the property.