Hertzsprung (crater)

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Hertzsprung (crater)
Hertzsprung crater 5026 h3.jpg
Oblique Lunar Orbiter 5 image
Coordinates 2°36′N 129°12′W / 2.6°N 129.2°W / 2.6; -129.2Coordinates: 2°36′N 129°12′W / 2.6°N 129.2°W / 2.6; -129.2
Diameter 591 km
Depth Unknown
Colongitude 140° at sunrise
Eponym Ejnar Hertzsprung

Hertzsprung is an enormous lunar crater that is located on the far side of the Moon, beyond the western limb. In dimension, this formation is larger than several of the lunar mare areas on the near side. It lies in the northwestern fringe of the blast radius of the Mare Orientale impact basin. Nearby craters of note include Michelson across the northeast rim, Vavilov across the western rim, and Lucretius to the southeast.

The outer rim of Hertzsprung has been damaged and modified by several notable impacts (mentioned above) and a number of smaller craters. A chain of small craters, designated Catena Lucretius, begins at the southeastern outer rim and proceeds toward the west-northwest until it connects with the perimeter of the inner basin. This inner area is less rough than the outer ring of the floor, and is surrounded by a circular range of ridges. The inner perimeter is also pierced by several craters, including Hertzsprung D along the eastern portion and Hertzsprung S on the western side. Nor is the interior of the inner basin free from impacts, including K, H, X, and L, listed in the table below.

The equator of the Moon passes through this formation, being located to the south of the midpoint and cutting through the central basin.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Hertzsprung.

Hertzsprung Latitude Longitude Diameter
D 3.3° N 125.4° W 45 km
H 1.3° N 124.4° W 21 km
K 0.5° S 127.6° W 27 km
L 0.4° N 127.8° W 33 km
M 7.5° S 128.9° W 36 km
P 0.0° N 129.3° W 22 km
R 0.1° S 131.8° W 33 km
S 0.6° N 132.5° W 47 km
V 5.2° N 133.3° W 39 km
X 3.8° N 129.1° W 24 km
Y 8.8° N 131.2° W 23 km