Herwald Ramsbotham, 1st Viscount Soulbury

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Soulbury
GCMG GCVO OBEMC PC
Minister of Pensions
In office
30 July 1936 – 7 June 1939
Monarch Edward VIII
George VI
Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
Neville Chamberlain
Preceded by Robert Hudson
Succeeded by Sir Walter Womersley, Bt
First Commissioner of Works
In office
7 June 1939 – 3 April 1940
Monarch George VI
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
Preceded by Sir Philip Sassoon, Bt
Succeeded by The Earl De La Warr
President of the Board of Education
In office
3 April 1940 – 20 July 1941
Monarch George VI
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
Winston Churchill
Preceded by The Earl De La Warr
Succeeded by R. A. Butler
Governor-General of Ceylon
In office
6 July 1949 – 17 July 1954
Monarch George VI
Elizabeth II
Preceded by Sir Henry Monck-Mason Moore
Succeeded by Sir Oliver Ernest Goonetilleke
Personal details
Born 6 March 1887 (1887-03-06)
Died 30 January 1971 (1971-01-31)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative

Herwald Ramsbotham, 1st Viscount Soulbury GCMG, GCVO, OBE, MC, PC (6 March 1887 – 30 January 1971) was a British Conservative politician. He served as a government minister between 1931 and 1941 and served as Governor-General of Ceylon between 1949 and 1954.

Background[edit]

Ramsbotham was the son of Herwald Ramsbotham, of Crowborough Warren (son of James Ramsbotham and Jane Fielden), and Ethel Margaret Bevan.[1]

Military career[edit]

Ramsbotham was commissioned a Temporary Lieutenant in 1915 and was promoted to temporary Captain later the same year. He was promoted to temporary Major by 1918 and received the Military Cross. He was appointed an OBE in 1919 and relinquished his commission that year.[citation needed]

Political career[edit]

Ramsbotham was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Lancaster in 1929.[2] In 1931 he was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education by Ramsay MacDonald, a post he retained when Stanley Baldwin became Prime Minister in June 1935, and then served as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries between November 1935 and July 1936.[3] In September 1936 he was made Minister of Pensions by Baldwin.[4] He continued in this office when Neville Chamberlain became Prime Minister in May 1937. In June 1939 he was appointed First Commissioner of Works[5] and sworn of the Privy Council.[6]

Ramsbotham entered the cabinet in April 1940 as President of the Board of Education. He remained in this office after Winston Churchill became Prime Minister in May 1940 but was succeeded by R. A. Butler in July 1941. In August he was raised to the peerage as Baron Soulbury, of Soulbury in the County of Buckingham,[7] and made Chairman of the Assistance Board, a post he held until 1948.[8] Chairman of the Soulbury Commission 1944-45. Between 1949 and 1954 he served as Governor-General of Ceylon. He was appointed a GCMG in 1949 and a GCVO on 20 April 1954. On 10 June of that year, he was further honoured when he was created Viscount Soulbury, of Soulbury in the County of Buckingham.[9]

Family[edit]

Lord Soulbury died in January 1971 at the age of 83.

m.1st 11 Nov 1911 Doris Violet de Stein (d.20 Feb 1954); m.2nd 10 Nov 1962 Ursula Jerome (d.12 Nov 1964)

He was succeeded in the viscountcy by his elder son James Herwald Ramsbotham. His younger son Sir Peter Ramsbotham notably served as British Ambassador to the United States from 1974 to 1977.

Styles[edit]

  • 1887-1915: Herwald Ramsbotham
  • 1915-1916: Temp. Lieutenant Herwald Ramsbotham
  • 1916-1917: Temp. Captain Herwald Ramsbotham, MC
  • 1917-1919: Temp. Major Herwald Ramsbotham, MC
  • 1919: Temp. Major Herwald Ramsbotham, OBE, MC
  • 1920-1929: Major Herwald Ramsbotham, OBE, MC
  • 1929-1939: Major Herwald Ramsbotham, OBE, MC, MP
  • 1939-1941: Major The Rt. Hon. Herwald Ramsbotham, PC, OBE, MC, MP[10]
  • 1941-1944: Major The Rt. Hon. the Lord Soulbury, PC, OBE, MC
  • 1944-1949: Major The Rt. Hon. the Lord Soulbury, PC, OBE, MC, DL[11]
  • 1949-1952: Major His Excellency The Rt. Hon. the Lord Soulbury, PC, GCMG, OBE, MC, DL, Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of Ceylon[12]
  • 1952-20 April 1954: Major His Excellency The Rt. Hon. the Lord Soulbury, PC, GCMG, OBE, MC, KStJ, DL, Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of Ceylon[13]
  • 20 April-16 July 1954: Major His Excellency The Rt. Hon. the Lord Soulbury, PC, GCMG, GCVO, OBE, MC, KStJ, DL, Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of Ceylon[14]
  • 16–17 July 1954: Major His Excellency The Rt. Hon. the Viscount Soulbury, PC, GCMG, GCVO, OBE, MC, KStJ, DL, Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of Ceylon[15]
  • 17 July 1954 – 1971: Major The Rt. Hon. the Viscount Soulbury, PC, GCMG, GCVO, OBE, MC, KStJ, DL

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Parkinson Tomlinson
Member of Parliament for Lancaster
19291941
Succeeded by
Fitzroy Maclean
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Kingsley Wood
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education
1931–1935
Succeeded by
The Earl De La Warr
Preceded by
The Earl De La Warr
Parliamentary Secretary to the
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries

1935–1936
Succeeded by
The Earl of Feversham
Preceded by
Robert Hudson
Minister of Pensions
1936–1939
Succeeded by
Sir Walter Womersley
Preceded by
Sir Philip Sassoon, Bt
First Commissioner of Works
1939–1940
Succeeded by
The Earl De La Warr
Preceded by
The Earl De La Warr
President of the Board of Education
1940–1941
Succeeded by
R. A. Butler
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Henry Monck-Mason Moore
Governor-General of Ceylon
1949–1954
Succeeded by
Sir Oliver Ernest Goonetilleke
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
new creation
Viscount Soulbury
1954–1971
Succeeded by
James Herwald Ramsbotham