|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (August 2013)|
|Founders||Alexander Fermor-Hesketh, 3rd Baron Hesketh|
|Headquarters||Redhill, United Kingdom|
The company was formed by Alexander, 3rd Lord Hesketh, to develop a prototype in 1980. After two variations of his business rapidly failed, from 1984 onwards the marque was maintained and improved by Broom Engineering based at Turweston Aerodrome, on the Northamptonshire border with Buckinghamshire, England. The most recent incarnation of the marque from 2013 is based in Kingswood, Surrey, England.
The project was inspired by Lord Hesketh, who planned to revive the failing British motorcycle industry and at the time had a background of F1 racing being the last private team to win a Formula One Grand Prix, with James Hunt at the wheel. Lord Hesketh wanted to use the skills and facilities built up in that pursuit to greater effect and production of a quality motorcycle was born.
The Hesketh motorcycle was developed on the Easton Neston estate, with the prototype running in the spring of 1980 using a special Weslake engine. The V-twin V1000 (based loosely on the marketing panache of the Vincent Motorcycle but looking much-like a contemporary Ducati 860GT), offered all sorts of advances; for example, it was the first British bike with four valves per cylinder and twin overhead camshafts (although commonplace in Japanese machines).
After two years of development, the project was announced to the press and partners were sought for the manufacturing. However, none were forthcoming and so Lord Hesketh formed Hesketh Motorcycles plc. In 1982 a modern purpose built factory was set up to manufacture the Hesketh V1000 motorcycles in Daventry.
However, there were numerous problems. The bikes were heavy, made worse by a high riding style; and unreliable, with numerous manufacturing problems adding to an overheating rear cylinder due to lack of air flow. The resultant bad press combined with an underdeveloped bike, lack of cash and a collapsing market meant that after the production of 139 bikes, the company went into receivership.
Cagiva visited the Daventry facility in September 1982, with a view to absorbing the Hesketh into their range of machines. Sales Director Luigi Giacometti reported to Motor Cycle News that they were disappointed to learn that all the components were sourced from outside suppliers, that there were no manufacturing facilities excepting a few trollies, and that the Receiver wanted £150,000 (pounds sterling) for only a pile of papers and drawings.
He was sure they could cure the Hesketh mechanical problems, but Cagiva withdrew their interest after Hesketh marketing chief Peter Gaydon appeared in a TV interview, stating he feared a drop in quality and that the marque would end-up as a 'spaghetti special' under Cagiva.
The Triumph Motorcycles co-operative looked at buying the rights to the machine, as they lacked a new model beyond the aged Triumph Bonneville. A V1000 machine even appeared with a Triumph badge on its tank, but Triumph also lacked funding to buy and develop the machine.
In 1983, Lord Hesketh formed a new company called Hesleydon Ltd to manufacture a revamped V1000 with a full fairing, called the Vampire. However, although the company had produced a motorcycle with export potential in mind, the Vampire retained too many of the V1000's faults and only 40 were produced before the company closed again in 1984.
Broom Development Engineering
Mick Broom was the development engineer/ test rider as part of the original development team of the Hesketh marque, and was based with the team in the old laundry at Easton Neston. When the original Hesketh Motorcycles plc company went into receivership, Broom was part of a team funded by Lord Hesketh which supported the owners of the original machines, offering maintenance and modifications to the bikes sold. This funded team eventually became Hesleydon Ltd, who obtained the necessary certification to sell overseas and went on to develop the Vampire after requests for a touring version of the V1000.
Combined with the general down turn in motorcycle market, the high cost of the parts and the inability to raise finance to implement volume production assembly methods, Hesleydon ceased trading and Broom continued to support and develop the bike alongside development work for other motorcycle factories and clients Broom Development Engineering.
Based in the same outbuildings where the development of the V1000 had begun, Broom and his team began improvement of the V1000 into a reliable "gentleman's" long distance tourer. This included the resolution of the overheating through increased oil flow to cool the rear cylinder. Broom produced up to 12 motorcycles per annum, additionally developing the Vulcan and Vortan concept machines.
In 2006, having been forced to leave Easton Neston after its sale by Lord Hesketh to Leon Max, and Max's intention to turn the stable block into a call centre for his Max Store clothing brand, Broom Engineering relocated to Turweston Aerodrome near Silverstone Circuit. However, just before the move, and at the point where most items were in packing crates, a robbery occurred with total value of £40,000 – including irreplaceable records, tools, and bikes. This slowed progress on the intended small scale production at the new location.
Resuscitation of the brand
Under new ownership and management since Mick Broom sold the marque in 2010, Hesketh Motorcycles Ltd plan to establish a British motorcycle company through the production of new models over the years.
In early 2014 Hesketh Motorcycles announced the upcoming release of the Hesketh 24 that would be the first all-new Hesketh model to be produced in some thirty years.
Designed and developed by Paul Sleeman, Hesketh Motorcycles owner and Chief Engineer, this proposed new machine – named after the number on James Hunt's 1975 F1 car – will be a limited edition with only 24 built and on sale internationally.
The heart of this new model is the American S&S X-wedge engine, a high torque 1,950 cc air-cooled V-twin with a proven power-train, chosen for reliability and reputation. The X-wedge is also the engine used for the recent Morgan three-wheelers.
British tuners Harris Performance Engines will modify the engine to suit the Hesketh 24 buyers' preferences, offering stage engine tuning to produce at least three different power options.
The Hesketh 24 bodywork is in the colours of James Hunt's 1970s Hesketh F1 car with graphics designed and produced by former BSB rider and 2011 British Superbike Champion, Tommy Hill. Each of the limited edition Hesketh 24 models will feature an 18 carat gold plaque on the fuel tank with its unique serial production number.
- The Hesketh Vulcan built in 1990 was made as a prototype only.
- The Hesketh 24 will be a Limited Edition with only 24 envisaged.
- Hesketh V1000 - V-twin gentleman's tourer. The original machine came with a nickel plated Reynolds 531 frame.
- Vulcan - a V1000 EN10 with a series of modifications including a bored out 1200 cc engine.
- Vampire - touring based version of the V1000, with fairing and optional panniers.
- Vortan - bored out 1100 cc, sports version of the V1000 with highly modified chassis.
- Hesketh 24 - a proposed Limited Edition with 2000 cc S&S engine named after James Hunt's 1975 F1 car.
- Companies House, business name change (from Hesketh Motorcycles Limited) in July 2013 Retrieved 2014-10-06
- Tragatsch, Erwin (2000). The New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Motorcycles. London: Quantum Publishing. p. 560. ISBN 1861603428.
- Motor Cycle News 22 September 1982, p.3 Italians snub Hesketh after 'spaghetti special' jibe. Accessed and added 2014-10-05
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hesketh Motorcycles.|
- "Hesketh Motorcycles". Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. at Broom Engineering
- Hesketh Motorcycles, Redhill, Surrey